Pierre@ D: Bio Enzymes

Natural Biological Products in Agricultural Waste Treatment

Introduction

There is a sincere need and demand for safe and natural products to solve and deal with stenches and animal waste in animal shelters, chicken houses, piggeries, cattle kraals, slaughter houses and dairies. In household’s urine stenches or often a problem, where children are involved and general smell and hygiene is important.
Many of the shelve and household chemicals are harmful. Not only to the environment, but to man and animal in general causing skin problems, asthmatic conditions and allergies. Typical non-specific household cleaning products are harsh and contains harmful corrosive substances. Not safe and in effect dangerous to children and to pets.

When spilled, harsh chemicals can destroy the balance of the natural biotic environment, as well as good bacteria and insects of value to our surroundings and environment.

Thus, the need and quest for effective, biological safe and natural products is the quest for most informed people. Three words should be associated with Biological products.

The product must be safe, pure and effective.
Per Biological definition it would mean the following;
1. Safety
Relatively free from harmful effects and or substances, direct or indirect, when a product is sensibly administered.
2. Pure
Purity means relative freedom from unimportant matter in the finished product. Pure and purity means free from residue, fillers or moisture and or unstable substances.

3. Effective
Effective refers to the specific ability or capacity of the biological product, and best as indicated by appropriate laboratory tests, to explain and produce a given result.
Natural bacteria as a Bio degradation agent.

Bio-Enzymes are a biological formulation of multi-purpose bacteria, formulated to have a multi- purpose and broad range of natural degradation abilities and functions. In their natural environment, bacteria produce hundreds of enzymes in response to the organics present in their environment.

This group of Bio-Enzymes produce extracellular enzymes with the intention to break down proteins, starches, fats, oils, greases and toilet tissue into smaller particles, outside the bacterial cell. The bacteria then transport the smaller particles across their cell membrane for use as an energy source and for generating new cellular components.

Why is this an efficient method in stench and waste control?
Since this group of selected bacteria detect organics material as a potential food source, they produce specific enzymes to breakdown the organics present. In areas as mentioned with urine and organic waste, this selected consortium of bacteria will produce key extracellular enzymes including amylase, cellulase, lipase and protease.

This Biological method is a focused, complete and very efficient natural system, leaving no harmful waste to the environment. Many different enzymes are required to break a substrate (Urine, faeces, blood, etc.,) completely.

Extreme functionality
This group of Bio Enzymes can be therefore successfully used for the maintenance and functional working order of household drain lines, slaughter houses, French drains, grease traps, improving septic tanks, nutrient rich waste environments such as dairies, butcheries.

Although many bacteria can utilize these organics as food sources, it is this group of Bacillus bacteria with the rapid production of key enzymes that provide the most dramatic effects in waste degradation, odour control in piggeries, pens, kraals, shelters, toilets, latrines and slaughter houses. Extremely safe and effective in with in-house stenches and odours and stenches caused by pets.

Safety of Pierre@ D Bio-Enzymes
Pierre@ D contains a blend of safe Bacillus microorganisms. Toxicity studies done by an independent laboratory shows that Pierre @ D Bio-Enzyme consortium of microorganisms has no acute oral toxicity, no acute dermal toxicity, and no acute inhalation toxicity at maximal test dose.

Acute dermal irritation and acute eye irritation studies classify Pierre@ D Bio-Enzymes as non-irritating it does not elicit a skin sensitization reaction.

Bio Enzyme Product Data Sheet
Benefits

1. Drain lines and grease traps – degrades and eliminates organics found in drain lines and grease traps. Regular addition of PIERRE @ D BIO ENZYME maintains a cleaner and odour-free system.

2. Septic and waste treatment – maintains effective activity in septic systems, eliminating the need for excessive pumping.

3. Eliminates odours caused by incomplete digestion of malodorous volatile fatty acids.

4. Bathroom cleaning and odour control: penetrates cracks, crevices and pores of surfaces where organics accumulate, removing the organics leaving a visually cleaner surface.

5. Provides long term odour control by removing the organics that cause odours and prevents their return.

Features
1. A stable consortium of safe Bacillus spores
2. Production of multiple enzymes providing a wide range of degradation capabilities
3. A synergistic blend that works in concert to provide superior performance across multiple applications
4. Excretion of high levels of amylase, cellulase, lipase and protease enzymes
5. Ability to work under aerobic and anaerobic conditions
6. Single product simplicity for multi-application flexibility

Product Characteristics
1. Bacteria Counts: 5.4 X 107 cfu/ml
2. Bacteria Type: Blend of Bacillus Spores
3. Salmonella: Not detected
4. Appearance: Creamy white
5. Fragrance: Pleasantly perfumed
6. Shelf-life: One year; maximum loss of 1.0 log at recommended storage conditions

Dose Rates: (Follow dilution rate)
PIERRE @ D BIO ENZYME can be diluted to the following ratio;

1. 1:9 (One-part BE (BIO ENZYME) and 9 parts of water. The blend must be used on the day and any reaming liquid should be discarded.

2. AGRICULTURE WASTE
Reduction of high solids and crusting of waste: liquefaction and cleaning of cowsheds, piggeries, poultry farms etc.) Area Initial Dose Rate Regular Maintenance Rate Method of

 

3. SEWAGE PLANTS
General aid to the processing process.
Area Initial Dose Rate Regular Maintenance Rate Method of Application
Trickling filters

Anaerobic digesters Retention Ponds Activated sludge 1 kg/ 4.5 million liter’s

500g/ 45 000 liter’s 500g/4.5 million liters per week
Repeat for 3 days then per week Add to primary settling tank
Add to inflow pipe

4. ABBATOIRS
For easier handling of high protein/fats in concentrated areas.

5. FOOD WASTE – DOMESTIC & INDUSTRIAL
Reducing blockage of drains, pipes: treatment of effluent not on main drainage: reduction of odours.

PIERRE @ D BIO ENZYME

Is designed as a bio-technical aid to treatment of organic waste material offering the following advantages:
1. Liquefaction & reduction of solids
2. Reduction of odour
3. Easier disposal of waste
4. Aids general cleaning of soiled areas
5. The safety in operation of effluent systems offers a viable alternative to current processing techniques using a bio-technical approach.

How does PIERRE @ D BIO ENZYME Liquid out-perform various harmful pathogens?

The SABS Standard requires a 5-minute killing time for the most common hygiene microorganisms such as S. aureus, E. coli and P. aeruginosa.

From a hygiene point of view, especially where pets and farm animal’s health or zoonotic diseases are at stake, hygiene factors are of great importance and a critical management matter. Such is products used in creating a hygienic environment.

The responsible value of a healthy and hygienic environment would be to sanitize the working environment effectively before continue working. It could be food preparation, preparing feeding for dairy calves, chicken houses, bird cages, shelters, restaurants, home cooking and food preparation.

The value could also be the sanitizing of public areas, where hygiene factors such as toilets or urinals or cleaning hard surfaces in shops the public use. The same principles and values and codes reign in households, public schools, offices and other public areas.

Mode of Function of Bacillus bacteria as Bio-Enzymes
In contrast to the SABS standard, being the quickest time a sanitizer (QAC- based) is supposed to kill, Bacillus-containing sanitizers such as the Pierre @ D Bio-Enzymes operate in a different mode. Bio-Enzymes are live bacteria that needs to compete with other microorganisms for a food sources. Hence the longer contact time required by these bacteria to kill its competitors.

1. The pattern that bacillus bacteria uses, (as seen in the study), is to kill or out compete the other bacteria. The answer lies in its morphological structure. Where Bacillus bacteria grows, other microorganisms will move away from that specific waste food source.

2. Bacillus bacteria have a larger morphological structure than other organisms. It creates a zone of inhibition, preventing growth of other microorganisms (known as morphological inhibition).

3. This ensures fewer numbers of other microorganisms surviving, but a rapid growth of bacillus bacteria absorbing waste product such as sewerage, milk spills, waste pills, grease traps etc.

Important knowledge to cfu Calculation
For Bio Enzymes to be most effective and efficient, it is always important to know the cfu value of any biological product that has been diluted. Or in its concentrated form. This is to know if the product you have diluted has sufficient active ingredient to fulfil the desired outcome in waste or stench management:

The ready to use (diluted) product PIERRE @ D BIO ENZYME following thee analyses within SAP – shelf life is typically one year. The cfu count on the diluted product is calculated on a mass balance as follows:

1. Let a = Volume of Bio Enzyme
2. And the concentration = 10 X FF
3. Let a = 1 gallon
4. Let b = volume of water = 9 gallons
5. Let c = volume of Bio Enzyme
6. And a + b = c
7. c = 10 gallons

Doing a mass balance on the spore count:
1. There are 2 x 1012 cfu in 1-gallon Bio Enzyme 10 XFF
2. Count of spores in c = unknown = z Then 2 x 1012a + 0b = zc
3. Then [(2 x 1012 x 1)/10] = [(z x 10)/10]
4. 2 x 1011 cfu/gallon of PIERRE @ D BIO ENZYME

Converting from gallons to liters
2 x 1011 spores 1 gallon
1 gallon 3.8 liters

= 5.2 x 1010 cfu/liter of PIERRE @ D BIO ENZYME
Or 52 billion CFU/liter

Disclaimer
The information contained in this leaflet is to the best of our knowledge, true & accurate, but any recommendations or suggestions which may be made are without guarantee since the conditions of use are beyond our control. No license or immunity under any patents is granted or implied.

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Elektroniese Bosluis en vlooibeheer

Tickless Pet

Waarom alternatiewe produkte vir vlooi en bosluisbehandeling?
Met die beste van farmakologiese produkte beskikbaar in die handel, kan daar met veiligheid gesê word dat daar naas weerstandigheidsontwikkeling teen die aktiewe in die produkte, ‘n toename is in vlooi en bosluisprobleme.

Wanneer daar gekies moet word tussen die reeks van produkte beskikbaar, is daar ‘n verskeidenheid faktore wat ‘n rol speel.

Dit is;

• spoed
• tydperk van nawerking
• die aksie van die produk se molekule en aktief.
• Die invloed van water
• Ultravioletstrale

Bykomend, is daar klagtes van newe-effekte van byna al die produkte.

• Toediening of administrering
• Velskade en haarverlies
• Allergiese reaksies
• Blootstelling aan kinders en eienaars
• Ouderdom van diere
• Lewer en nierskade, ens.

Ander faktore van belang by besluitneming en keuse van produkte, is die volgende
• Spoed waarmee hierdie produk werk, veral as iets soos bosluise en vlooie op mens en dier parasiteer.
• Om diere wat reeds dermatitis het met farmakologiese produkte te behandel, waar die vel ontsteek is, is onkundige praktyk.
• Soms is dit weens die grootte van die dier, die ouderdom, die gesondheidstoestand van die dier, die tekorte van die eienaar self wat bosluis-en vlooibeheer onmoontlik maak.

Tekorte van topikale behandel.
Effektiewe werking word negatief beïnvloed met blootstelling aan;
• Water
• Sonlig en ultravioletstrale
• Grond en modder
• Gereelde bad en was met seepprodukte

Orale produkte
Enorme klagtes en bewerings word gemaak teen orale produkte. Ongeag die navorsing daarvan wat die teendeel probeer bewys. Seepprodukte en bad beïnvloed nie orale produkte se effektiewe nawerking nie.

Koste van sulke produkte maak dit ontoeganklik vir waarskynlik 80% van die troeteldierpopulasie. Orale produkte is ook bekend daarvoor dat hul n nawerking het op die gastro-intestinale van troeteldiere.

Laastens, slegs enkele produkte kan op diere gebruik word voor 8-14 weke, en by vlooi en bosluisinfestasies, is dit n probleem.

Bakterie en virusse, kieme tydens soog
Bakterie en ander kieme speel ‘n kritiese rol in soogdiere se algemene gesondheid in die soog stadium. Bakterie van die omgewing in die lug, slaapplekke, hul uriene en mis, versamel op die vel van die kleindier. Vlieë, naas vlooie en bosluise is ook n draer van miljoene bakterie na werpsels toe.

Die ma lek as ‘n reël haar kinders se uriene en faeces in. Dit is n belangrike gesondheidsaspek in die kleindier se gesondheidsontwikkeling. Miljoene kieme versamel in die mis en uriene. Met die opname daarvan deur die ma, ontwikkel sy teenliggaampies met haar immuunstelsel, wat sy dan tydens voeding en soog in haar melk vir haar kleintjies vrystel.

Sodoende word die immuunstelsel van die klein diertjies geaktiveer om suksesvol te reageer met die kieme van die omgewing en hul skadeloos te stel. Gegewe die ma het n gesonde en goeie immuunstelsel.

Kennis van bosluise en vlooie.
Ongeag die beste pogings bekend om bosluise en vlooie in ‘n erf, of omgewing te beheer, sal onvolwasse vlooie en bosluise altyd buite die grense ontwikkel en op vele maniere inkom. Dit is in al net n tydelike oplossing.

Bosluise kan in ‘n diapause ingaan en jare oorleef sonder n bloedmaal totdat omstandighede gunstig is.

Opsommend
‘n Horde voor en nadele kan gegee word vir en teen tradisionele vlooi en bosluisbeheerpraktyke. Naas voordele en nadele het dit ook vele beperkinge, soos hierbo kortliks beskrywe.

Tickless Pet”

Is ‘n toestel wat aan n nekband om die hond of kat se nek gesit word. Dit stel ultraklank impulse vry wat nie deur mens en dier gehoor kan word nie. Beïnvloed wel organismes soos vlooie en bosluise wat op ultraklank impulse en koolsuurgas hul prooi vind en volg. en hou die organismes vir ongeveer 1.5 meter weg.

Stel 40 kHz klank vry en hou die organismes ongeveer 1.5 meter weg van troeteldiere. Kos R450 by jou depot -eienaar en het n lewensduur van 12 maande.

Het dus geen nawerking op mens en sy troeteldiere nie, nie op klein kindertjies nie en ook nie op kleiner diere soos pasgebore babas nie.

Moet gesien word as n voorkomende beheermiddel en as ‘n Natuur en Ekologies vriendelike hulpmiddel wat geen skadelike kontra-indikasies het vir mens en dier nie.

Verdere inligting
http://www.tick-less.com/

Beskikbaar by Pierre@ Dieregesondheid Depots

HEALTH BENEFITS of BEE PRODUCTS for CATS and DOGS

 

By Bobby Lynch 3 February 2014

Bees may be annoying, especially when they sting, but did you know that bees produce some of the most health beneficial products in the world?  It’s true!  The life longevity of royal jelly, allergy and digestion benefits of raw honey, the super strong antibacterial and antiviral properties of bee propolis, paw and skin protection of bees’ wax, bee pollens natural energizer and the arthritis reduction of bee venom are the many health benefits made from bees.  These properties have been proven to help humans and those same results are also shown in pets.

Hang down honey

Remember to always buy organic raw honey instead of just raw honey.  Organic beekeepers do not use any chemicals so the honey their bees produce is safer.  There is a very small chance of contaminated honey from an organic beekeeper.  That is the main reason why most common store bought honey has been cooked.  It assures a safe product, especially when the source of honey is unknown.  A common issue is botulism.

Feeding your pet raw honey is not a new radical trend.  Juliette de Bairacli Levy has practiced such alternatives to conventional treatments with her Natural Rearing philosophy for the past 60 years.  Her love for this product is evident in every one of her published animal care books.

“I believe I could not successfully rear domestic dogs without this remarkable antiseptic food” she says in The Complete Herbal Handbook for the Dog and Cat.  Her important mention in that very same book is that “while honey is not a normal item of diet for carnivores, lions in the wild enjoy honey and it is considered a staple food of the omnivorous bear.”

images

She continues to write: “Honey is the greatest of the natural energizers, a nerve tonic and a supreme heart tonic.  Pre-digested by its makers, the bees, it is absorbed immediately into the bloodstream of the consumer.  A diet of only milk and honey can sustain life for months in humans and animals.  It has been well and long-time proved that honey is also highly medicinal and will inhibit growth of harmful bacteria in the entire digestive tract and destroy those of a toxic nature.”

Levy has taught many of the Raw To The Bones® team members with her literature.  One of her main thoughts of pet health is the importance of a weekly pet detoxification.  This is especially important for ill pets so their digestive organs rest, allowing a pet’s body to heal quickly.  This is very true, given the consideration that 70% of the immune system is within the digestive tract.  In addition to water, the only food she recommends for fasting animals is honey.

Honeycombs with spoon

Bees derive their honey by harvesting pollen from a wide verity of flowers.  These variances give honey a wide selection of colour and taste.  This can range from light to dark and its taste from delicate to complex.  Raw honey contains vitamins A, B-complex, C, D, E, and K, plus calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, silicon, sulphur, potassium, manganese, copper, and iodine.  Darker varieties such as buckwheat contain higher mineral levels.  Vitamin C levels vary; some honey contains up to 300 milligrams of Vitamin C per 100 grams (about 3½ ounces or 7 tablespoons).

honey2

The medicinal properties of honey have been used since the dawn of man.  Ancient Greek, Assyrian, Chinese, and Roman physicians religiously prescribed it for health and life longevity.  Its component benefits did not stop there. It was also used for conditions such as indigestion, diarrhoea, fevers, coughs, colds, flu, asthma, allergies, and ulcers.  It is also a revitalizing food for athletes, soldiers, and those recovering from illness or injury.  It does not stop there!  Honey is said to help increase calcium when consumed at the same time.  It helps treat or prevent anaemia, reduce arthritis pain, and work as a gentle laxative to help prevent constipation.  Its topical remedies are amazing in treating open wounds, burns, cuts, abrasions, and skin infections

Raw Honey For Dogs

Dogs contain sweet receptors in their taste buds so honey is favoured by almost all dogs and is easy to feed.  It can be used in homemade treats or in their main meals.  If your pet is a picky eater then a ¼ teaspoon mixed with their food will encourage the most food brazen of dogs.

If your dog has environmental allergies, then feeding them raw honey will help relieve them.  Just like humans, a high pollen count can stimulate severe allergy issues in dogs.  The most common of these are season changes.  The most positive results are from feeding them one tablespoon of raw honey twice a day 2-3 weeks before an allergy season hits.  Continue to feed them that recommended amount until that allergy season is over.  The allergy benefits from the minute amounts of local pollen.  This builds up your pets’ immune system and allows them to be in contact with larger amounts without negative effects.

All honey, especially organic raw honey, has medicinal benefits, but the honey best known for its antimicrobial properties is Manuka honey from New Zealand.  More than 20 years of research have shown it to naturally destroy harmful bacteria such as Staphaureus and Streptococcus (including drug-resistant strains); Helicobacter pylori bacteria associated with stomach ulcers; vancomycin-resistant Enterococci; and Pseudomonas.  The veterinary use of Manuka honey includes its application as a dressing for burns, amputations, and wounds, and its internal use for gastrointestinal and digestive problems.

honey-for-fat-reducing

Raw Honey For Cats

Cats benefit from raw honey too!  Just as mentioned before, raw honey is considered a staple food of many omnivorous.  Cats systems are very finicky though and it should not be used as a tonic.  It does have a great effect on relieving cats of hairballs, so if you see your cat coughing one up, just offer them a way to lick at least a teaspoon.  This should be the only ingestible use for any type of honey.  Its benefits for cats are mainly for a topical ointment.  Asians have known for centuries of the many skin conditions raw honey can treat: acne, eczema, rashes and ring worm are a few.  Scrapes, cuts and/or burns are a great use for raw honey’s anti-bacterial properties.  Since cats lick themselves, it is much safer to use raw honey than it is chemical ointments.

Raw organic honey has been proven to prevent the growth of pathogenic bacteria which occurs in wounds.  Its adhering texture also acts as a bandage, which means cuts and sores can be covered with it for a period of time.  Its amazing combinations of enzymes that bees add to the honey generate Hydrogen peroxide.  What is most impressive is the treatment of burns.  While most topical medications dry out the injured area, honey does not.  It also does not stick to a wound when removing a bandage.

To keep cats from licking it off during their love for cleaning themselves, it is advised to use an ‘Elizabeth collar’.

  • Stabilizes blood sugar
  • Anti-bacterial
  • Anti-fungal
  • Strengthens pets’ immune system
  • Powerful antioxidant
  • Support good bacteria
  • Lose weight
  • Indigestion
  • Immune system

http://www.rawtothebones.com/health-benefits-bee-products-dogs-cats/

642x361_image_1_9_unexpected_uses_for_honey

MORE HEALTH BENFITS of RAW HONEY for CATS and DOGS

By Sally Swope 8 August 2013

Honey is pre-digested by its makers, bees, and is absorbed immediately into the bloodstream.  Honey will inhibit the growth of harmful bacteria in the entire digestive tract and destroy those bacteria of a toxic nature.  Honey is an invert sugar containing glucose and fructose which are monosaccharides or simple sugars.  They are more easily absorbed into the body.

Raw honey contains vitamins A, B-Complex, C, D, E, and K.  It also contains calcium, phosphorous, magnesium, silicon, sulphur, potassium, manganese, copper, and iodine.  Darker varieties tend to have higher mineral levels than lighter varieties.  Honey increases absorption of calcium consumed at the same time.

Honey can also be used topically to treat open wounds, burns, cuts, skin abrasions, and skin infections.  Honey can be used successfully to treat allergies in dogs.  Rubbing of face, licking of feet and inside of thighs and scratching are all signs of allergies.  When your dog eats the honey, they are ingesting small amounts of pollen.  The body adjusts so it does not react to external pollens.  Make sure to buy LOCAL honey to treat allergies specific to your area!

The high sugar content of honey is one of the factors that make it an excellent infection fighter and wound healer.  Glucose oxidase, an enzyme in honey, produces hydrogen peroxide which kills harmful bacteria.  Using honey as a wound dressing rapidly clears infection, inflammation, swelling and pain while speeding the sloughing of dead skin and the growth of new skin cells.  It remains moist, seals wounds, and protects from exposure to air.  It absorbs pus from infections, reduces scarring, and prevents wounds from sticking to bandages.  Honey can also be used to treat wart-like growths.  Applied daily, they eventually soften and disappear.  When applying topically, try to distract your dog for at least twenty minutes to give the honey time to be absorbed before they lick it off!!

Raw honey eventually crystallizes.  To liquefy crystallized honey, stand it in hot water until it can be stirred or poured.  Microwaving is NOT recommended because it can destroy good enzymes and other nutrients.

Take advantage of honey’s wonderful benefits for your dog by offering a tablespoon daily – and next time your dog has a wound, try honey’s remarkable external healing properties!!

Benefits of Royal Jelly for Dogs and Cats

By Bobby Lynch 3 February 2014

We have found the fountain of youth!  Well, at least the fountain of jelly.  Yes it’s true, if you consider that all bees are born as workers and only live a maximum of 4 weeks, but one bee is favoured at birth and is fed royal jelly and she lives a total of 6 years.  During her life she will lay 2,000 eggs a day while staying in top shape, all because of royal jelly’s miraculous rejuvenation and energizer properties.  These same health factors can be utilized by humans and even our most athletic of pets!

If we look a little deeper into this nurturing jelly, we now know through modern research that has substantiated royal jelly as a metabolic catalyst, a substance that combats fatigue, increases energy, and supports the adrenal glands.  Some of royal jelly’s components are natural antidepressants.  Its ability to protect your pet from free radicals is outstanding.  Free radical particles occur for humans and pets during physical activities.  Free radicals one of the causes for aging and cancer.  That is why worker bees have the shortest lives.  Antioxidants work best when they are present during metabolic reactions so, feed your dog royal jelly one hour before any type of activity.

Royal jelly has been shown in studies to have immune enhancing/modulating properties as well as skin healing properties.  It has even been shown to have anti-inflammatory properties which would help your pet as well, as there is sure to be some inflammation on the skin.

Royal jelly also has benefits when it comes to pets with arthritis and obesity. When our pets over eat and become overweight, it causes free radical damage and adds stress on our pets joints. Royal jelly should be considered to avoid or if your pet has issues with obesity, arthritis osteoarthritis, congenital joint disorders or the inevitable fate of old age.

Infertility is a problem that can affect female pets.  Royal Jelly can help boost a female pet’s fertility by increasing the quality of her eggs and improving her overall reproductive health.

Antibiotics are a class of medication that is commonly prescribed to treat bacterial infections.  Royal Jelly contains 10-Hydroxy-Dgr2-decenoic acid, which is a natural antibiotic.  Additionally, royal jelly has also been shown to boost inflammation.

Everyone wants their pet to live longer.  Royal Jelly can help slow down a pet’s aging process.  It has been shown to boost collagen production and promote healthier skin.  Royal jelly can also help wounds on the skin heal faster when it is applied topically.

Royal jelly is a milky secretion produced by worker honey bees.  It typically contains about 60%-70% water, 12%-15% proteins, 10%-16% sugar, 3%-6% fats, and 2%-3% vitamins, salts, and amino acids.  Please consult a vet before giving royal jelly if your pet is taking any type of medication.

Jelly Dosage

Because of its slightly sharp, bitter, biting taste, dogs may not care for royal jelly.  Blends of royal jelly and honey, which are also popular, may be more to their liking.  Try mixing your own by blending 2 ounces (4 tablespoons) organic royal jelly with 6 ounces (¾ cup) of local raw honey.  Keep refrigerated.  Give your dog ½ to 1 teaspoon of this blend twice per day, morning and night.

 

 

Myte op die pels

 

Myte is hoofsaaklik ‘n immuungebreksindroom.  Dit beteken ‘n immuunstelsel wat nie ten volle funskioneer nie.  Dit kan wees dat die dier nie voldoende sinkinname het wat dermabsorpsie van belangrike minerale en vitamiene bevorder nie.  Kan wees as gevolg van kosse wat nie opgeneem word en/of vir die dier verteerbaar is nie.

magic-first-picweb

Honde met velkondisies, veral rasse met atopie en sensitiwiteit of hipersensitiwiteit (dermatitis) wat reageer teenoor droë kosse se kleur-, geur- en preserveermiddels, meelprodukte of gluten in droë hondekosse, asook produkte van die Natuur soos gras, sade en blomme is veral vatbaar vir oorkanaal infeksies.

scabies_shihtzu2

Honde met primêre en sekondêre seborrhea het gewoonlik n geel olierige vloeistof wat ‘n uitstekende medium is vir bakteriese opbou.  Faktore wat hiertoe bydra is die kruiskontaminering van materiaal waarmee ore skoongemaak word, soos oorpluisies en watte wat oor en weer gebruik word.  Water wat in ore kom wanneer daar geswem word of hul met seep gebad word en mense wat “grooming” doen en met ongesteriliseerde instrumente werk om hare te sny en te knip.

dog-mites-pictures-3

Honde en katte is hoofsaaklik vleisvreters.  Hul hanteer gluten in meelprodukte nie baie goed nie en hul sisteme is nie bedoel om mielies en meel te verteer nie en vele diere se liggame reageer heftig daarteen.

dog-mites-on-the-belly-pictures-4

Promix EM Multivitamien en/of Promix Probiotika, asook ander minerale en vitamien aanvullings, sal baie doen vir diere se velle.  Sorg ook dat die dier ‘n kaiing of twee per dag inkry om vetoplosbare vitamiene wat in die liggaamsvet gestoor word, te ondersteun, veral by maer diere.

Behandeling van myte op die pels

 ear-mites-in-dogs-cats

  • Was die hond met ‘n natuurlike bosluismiddel soos “Propyrepet” sjampoe wat ‘n baie mens- en diervriendelike natuurlike insekdoder is wat van plante gemaak word. Dit bevat ‘n natuurlike Piretiene as aktief, wat van Chrysanthemum plantolie gemaak word.
  • Was die hond skoon en spoel die pels af met flou soutwater (9g/2 gelykvol teelepels gemeng met 1L lou gekookte water) om negatiewe bakterie te beheer.
  • Dit is belangrik om die Ph balans op die vel te herstel en ook terselfdertyd die vel te voed.
  • Olyfolie blyk baie suksesvol te wees en dit blyk dat dit hoogs effektief is om die vel te voed en ook die lywe van myte penetreer. Dit blyk (ongetoets) dat olyfolie die asemhalingstelsel van myte (ook kopluise) voldoende penetreer en die waslagie op die skelet en longe ontwrig en dus meebring dat hul moontlik versmoor weens die versteuring/versagting van die waslagie wat dit beskerm om te kan asemhaal.
  • Smeer die volgende mengsel aan die hond twee keer ‘n dag:
    • Aqueous en blomswael mengsel vir velkondisies by troeteldiere:
  • 250ml aqueousroom
  • 100g blomswael
  • 1 potjie sinksalf
  • 100ml olyfolie
  • 1 klein botteltjie Gentian Violet (slegs nodig vir sonbrand gevalle)
  • 2 buisies Allergex/Anthisan of soortgelyke room

Meng alles goed deur en sit twee keer ‘n dag op seerplekke of wonde

Tuisbehandeling

 Smeer die hele pels dik met olyfolie. Draai die hond in plastiek “Glad wrap” toe en draai verband om die lyf om suurstof van bakterie en myte af te sny. Nie die dier in die son of hitte versmoor voel of benoud raak nie. Hou die dier in ‘n koel plek met genoegsaam water. Die doel hiervan is om die myte se skelette met die olie te penetreer, die waslagie wat hul asemhalingstelsels teen water beskerm te verswak en op te los.

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Die afwesigheid van suurstof versmoor skadelike bakterie en myte in die pels en vel. Olyfolie voed die vel as medium en help behandeling met die rome wat hierna opgesmeer word om die allergente en skade aan die pels uit te skakel.sjampoo

Belangrikste

 Die dier se immuunstelsel moet opgebou word. Promix EM produkte wat op die Pierre@Dieregesondheid blad aanbeveel word, sal baie help met die bevordering van maagmikrobes se verteringsprosesse en noodsaaklike gesondheid van ensieme in die maag.

  1. ‘n Kaiing of twee per dag om oliegebaseerde vitamienes op te neem.
  2. Toets vir proteïen intoleransie
  3. RAW dieet.
  4. Glutenvrye kos waar, asook kos met preserveermiddels en kleurmiddels.
  5. Moenie dat vog in die ore vasgevang word met hare nie en sny by langhaar rasse die ore skoon sodat lug goed kan ventileer.
  6. Verbeter dus die lugvloei in die oorkanaal
  7. Moenie die ore met materiaal kontamineer nie, oorinfeksies en myte is hoogs aansteeklik en moet voorkom word.

what-does-scabies-look-like-2188

Canine Atopic Disease (Engelse weergawe)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o6TuTye5ntg

Bakteriese velsiektes

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JmDONwRBx8w

 

Pierre van Niekerk © 2015

Myte in die ore

 

Oormyte of gis in die ore.

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Eksterne oor infeksie (Otitis) is ‘n infeksie van die oorkanaal.  Diere se oorkanale is sensitiewe dele van hul oorkanaal en word maklik deur ongewenste organismes geïnfekteer.  Die Literatuur is van mening dat 80% van diere wat sukkel met oorprobleme die diere is met lang ore, oormatige groei van hare in die ore, diere met ‘n gebrek aan lugwegvloei wat dit vogtig hou en ‘n omgewing skep wat die voortbestaan van bakterie-groei en myte bevorder.

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Oorkanale

Verskeie faktore dra by tot die ontwikkeling van oorkanaalprobleme.  Die Chinese Sharpei is veral vatbaar vir oorkanaalprobleme weens hul nou oorkanale wat tot gevolg het dat bitter min lugvloei in die kanaal plaasvind om dit droog te hou en dus vir bakterieë en ander organismes die ideale omgewing skep.

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Tekens van oorinfeksies en oormyte

  • Skud van kop
  • Krap van ore met pote
  • Vryf van ore
  • Ander honde wat daarin lek en/of ruik
  • Die kop word gewoonlik laag gedra
  • Oorflappe wat stukkend is, haarloos is en opgewel is
  • Huilgeluide wanneer daar aan die oor geraak word
  • Olierige uitskei vanuit die oor
  • Doofheid
  • Vrees vir klank
  • Reuke vanuit die oor

Tipe van oorinfeksies (terme in Engels sodat lede dit self kan naslaan op Google)

Meer as een tipe bakterie kan by oorinfeksies betrokke wees, wat die behandeling daarvan met antibiotika bemoeilik.

  1. Ceruminous otitis” gaan gewoonlik gepaard met primëre “seborrhea”. Dit is ‘n oormatige opbou van geel, olierige was in die oorkanale wat die ideale medium is vir bakterieë en gis om op te bou.  Behandeling is gerig om die ore en oorkanaal skoon te hou en ook die ander velkondisies te beheer.
  2. Bacterial otitis” in sy akute vorm word gewoonlik veroorsaak deur die bekende “Staphylococci” bakterie. Die uitskeiding is natterig en gewoonlik ligbruin.  Kroniese infeksies word veroorsaak deur die “Proteus” en/of “Pseudomonas” bakterie, wat se afskeidings kenmerkend geel of groenerig is, alhoewel daar al uitsonderings was op hierdie reël.
  3. Gis infeksies (Yeast or fungal infections”) kan die gevolge wees van antibiotiese behandeling vir bakteriese oorinfeksies. Kan ook die gevolg van honde wat sukkel met atopiese dermatitus of “atopic dermatitis”, voedsel veroorsakende dermatitis, en “seborrheic” velkondisies. Kenmerkend van gis is ‘n bruin, olierige was uitskeiding met ‘n kenmerkende stank en ore wat inflammasie het en vogtigheid in die ore.  Hierdie kondisies bly voortbestaan totdat onderliggende velsiektes opgelos is.
  4. Proteien intolleransies – Sien skrywe hieroor.

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RnghQltkBgg

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cC0l1rlYi5Y

Pierre van Niekerk ©

Bosluisluiskoors en Bosluisbytkoors

Die wetenskaplike name vir die bosluisspesies wat aan honde voorkom, naamlik;

  1. Bosluiskoors en
  2. Bosluisbytkoors

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Die bosluise wat die meeste skade op honde en katte veroorsaak is

  1. Haemaphysalis elliptica of geelhondehok bosluis en

h-eliptica-jpg

Rhipicephalus sanguineus of die hondehokbosluis.

rhipicephalus_sanguineus-1

Bosluiskoors word ook galkoors of “Babesia canis”  word deur beide van die bosluisspesies oorgedra.

Die bosluisspesie Rhipicephalus sanguineus of hondehokbosluis, dra bykomend ook rickettsiose (tropical canine pancytopaenia of Ehrlichia canis) oor.

Bosluisbytkoors (Rickettsia conorii) word ook deur bontbosluise, grootbontpootbosluis, die bruinoorbosluis, rooipootbosluis en die blinkbruinbosluis na die mens oorgedra.

a-hebrauemr-evertsi-evertsi-maleh-truncatum-small_smooth_tick

  1. Al hierdie genoemde bosluise is multigasheerbosluise. Dit beteken hulle voed enkele dae, gemiddeld tussen 4-7 dae op hul gasheer om ‘n bloedmaaltyd neem.
  2. Daarna val die bosluis af, (detach) en kruip die bosluis in skeure, gras, hout hondehokke en Wendy huise se skeure weg om te ontwikkel na die volgende stadia.
  3. Die bosluise kan beide reeds in  hul nimfstadia die siekte organisme/s aan hul gashere oordra
  4. Die bosluis in hul larf en nimf stadia is nie maklik met die oog waarneembaar nie. Hul is hulle niks groter as ‘n kopspeld se punt of selfs koppie nie..
  5. Van hierdie bosluise lewe sowat 3- jaar lank. in daardie 3 jaar voed hul slegs 3 keer, gemiddeld 4- 7 dae per bloedmaal waarna hulle afval
  6. Die ander tye is hierdie bosluise te vinde in skeure, krake in hout, graspolle, krakies in die grond, hondehokke en Wendy huise, rou baksteenmure, pleisterkrake, ens.
  7. Hierdie bosluise kan ook wanneer toestande ideaal is, hul lewensiklus in 3 maande voltooi

Beheer

Die geelhondehokbosluis (Rhipicephalus sanguineus ) is redelik uitdagend om te beheer en kan tot so hoog as 5 meter van die grond in skeure of krake in baksteenmure gevind word.

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Hoe kom hulle op ‘n erf?

Die bosluise word deur wilde grondlewende voëls en wilde diere soos rotte, slange, muise aangedra en versprei.

Die verskille tussen Bosluiskoors en Bosluisbytkoors by Honde

Inleiding: Bosluiskoors

  1. Bosluiskoors, ook genoem galkoors, is die siekte wat die meeste hondevrektes in Suid-Afrika veroorsaak. Bosluiskoors word veroorsaak deur die organisme Babesia canis rossi en word deur die geelhondehokbosluis oorgedra.
  2. Daar is egter verskeie ander bosluisspesies van belang wat bosluiskoors en bosluisbytkoors aan honde kan oordra.
  1. Die drie belangrikste bosluise vir die hond is:
    1. Die geelhondebosluis “Haemaphysalis elliptica”, wat bosluiskoors kan oordra, terwyl
    2. Die hondehokbosluis of “Rhipicephalus sanguiness“ beide bosluiskoors en bosluisbytkoors oordra, en
    3. “Rhipicephalus simus”, die blinkbruinbosluis, wat bosluiskoors (Babesia canis rossi) aan honde oordra en bosluisbytkoors (Rickettsia conorii) aan die mens.

rhipicephalussimusfigura211401584_918181658217741_753453590589545005_n

  1. Verskeie ander bosluissoorte dra bosluiskoors aan die mens oor. Hulle is:
    1. Die bontbosluis
    2. Die geelhondehokbosluis
    3. Die groot bontpootbosluis
    4. Die bruinoorbosluis
    5. Die rooipootbosluis
    6. Die hondehokbosluis
    7. Die blinkbruinbosluis

Bosluiskoors in die veearts se praktyke

Baie veeartsenypraktyke noem dat bosluiskoors die belangrikste siekte is van honde en wys daarop dat duisende honde jaarliks hieraan sterf en dit is ook die siekte waaraan troeteldiereienaars die meeste geld spandeer. Die troeteldier eienaar se optrede: Voorkoming van bosluiskoors is natuurlik die beste oplossiong.

Siektetekens van bosluiskoors

Voordat mens oor siektetekens praat, is dit belangrik om te onthou hoe vinniger die hond by die veearts kom, hoe minder kos die behandeling en is enige dier se kans om te oorleef net soveel beter.

Siektetekens:

  1. Lusteloosheid
  2. Verlies aan eetlus
  3. Bleek oogslymvliese
  4. Bleek gryswit tandvleise

Beskrywing

  1. Bosluiskoors parasiete of (Babesia canis ), katte se bosluiskoorsbeskrywing is (Babesia felis) se lewensiklus in die bloedstroom van honde is soortgelyk aan dié van die malaria parasiete (Plasmodiums), wat in mense voorkom.
  2. Albei parasiete is protosoa, wat iets anders is as virusse of bakterieё.
  3. Sommige bosluiskoors pasiënte ontwikkel gekompliseerde bosluiskoors waar organe soos die hart, niere, longe, lewer, maag en ingewande asook brein en longe aangetas word.
  4. Hierdie komplikasies ontwikkel as gevolg van toksiese stowwe, ook bekend as Oplosbare Parasiet Antigene (OPAs), wat deur die Babesia parasiet afgeskei word.
  5. In die Literatuur is dit opgeteken dat tot 12% van hierdie honde pasiënte vrek en ‘n verdere 2%-3% moet uiteindelik uitgesit word.

Simptome

Die simptome wat honde ervaar, is soortgelyk aan dié van mense met malaria.  Bosluiskoors is daarom ‘n dodelike siekte wat nie ligtelik opgeneem moet word nie.  As honde kon praat, sou hulle waarskynlik getuig van geweldige hoofpyne wat, soos in die geval van mense met malaria, voorkom.

  1. Die eerste simptoom van bosluiskoors is lusteloosheid
  2. Dit kan met of sonder aptytsverlies gepaardgaan
  3. Koors (meer as 39°C) kom in die meeste gevalle voor
  4. Die hond kry warm en haal swaar asem of hyg
  5. Slaap te veel

Gevolge

  1. Die hond het bogenoemde simptome omdat die Babesia parasiet die rooibloedliggaampies vernietig.
  2. Rooibloedliggaampies vervoer belangrike voedingstowwe asook suurstof na belangrike liggaamsdele, longe en organe toe.
  3. Wanneer tandvleise en oogslymvliese bleek en liggeel of grys vertoon, is dit ’n teken dat daar ’n oormatige afbreking van rooibloedselle plaasgevind het.
  4. Dan is dit is byna onafwendbaar dat ’n bloedoortapping as deel van die behandeling in hierdie stadium benodig word om die dier se lewe te red.

Diagnose

  1. Die diagnose van bosluiskoors word gemaak deur ’n bloedsmeer onder 1,000 keer vergroting onder ’n mikroskoop te ondersoek.
  2. Dit is noodsaaklik om te weet dat bosluiskoors ook saam met nog ‘n bosluisgedraagde siekte, bosluisbytkoors, voorkom.
  3. Beide siektes toon dieselfde simptome maar die behandeling daarvan verskil wesenlik.

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Wat doen die parasiet in die bloedstroom?

  1. Soos die malaria parasiet in mense, doen die babesia parasiet sy selverdeling in die rooibloedselle.
  2. Wanneer hierdie parasiete die dooie rooibloedsel verlaat, val ‘n nuwe generasie parasiete wat in die selverdeling proses ontstaan het, nuwe rooibloedselle aan.
  3. Die verdelingsproses is nie eenvorming of vind nie ewe vinnig plaas nie.
  4. Die ontwikkeling van bosluiskoors wissel en is op sy beste onvoorspelbaar.
  5. In sommige gevalle is dit stadig (weke lank) terwyl dit in ander gevalle ure tot dae kan verloop.
  6. Dit is dus belangrik dat die eienaar van ‘n hond baie bewus moet wees van sy hond se gedrag en die simptome van bosluiskoors.
  7. Dit is baie belangrik dat ‘n kundige persoon ’n akkurate diagnose maak sodat die korrekte behandeling kan plaasvind.

8th-grade-ch-3-sec-3-blood-lymph-5-728

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Behandeling

  1. Die behandeling van bosluiskoors behels onder meer die toediening van ’n middel wat die parasiet doodmaak.
  2. In nie-gekompliseerde gevalle word n hond behandel met anti-protozoïese middels soos Veriban, Berenil RTU of Forray 65. Nuwe produkste soos Rednil is ook op die mark.
  3. Die dosis word gemaak op grond van die hond se gewig en dit moet baie akkuraat wees, aangesien oordosering nier- en/of breinskade tot gevolg sal hê.
  4. Saam met hierdie behandeling is ondersteunende behandeling uiters noodsaaklik – veral in gevorderde gevalle.

Skade van bosluiskoors

  1. Sou die Babesia parasiet swaar besmetting veroorsaak het, kan dele van die afgestorwe parasiete in die bloedstroom ná behandeling orgaanskade veroorsaak.
  2. Orgaanskade kom voor as die filtreervermoë van die niere misluk omdat daar te veel dooie parasiete is wat uit die stelsel gefiltreer moet word.
  3. Die lewer sal ook oorlaai word met galpigment.
  4. Die tandvleise en oogslymvliese van honde wat swaar bosluiskoors beleef het, sal ná behandeling van swaar bosluiskoors besmettings dikwels geel vertoon, wat die naam van bosluisgalsiek verduidelik, want die hond het dus geelsug.
  5. Soms veroorsaak die bosluiskoors organisme dat die rooibloedselle taai en klewerig word en klein bloedklontjies vorm.
  6. Wanneer dit in die haarvate van die brein plaasvind, veroorsaak bosluiskoors senuwee-simptome by ‘n dier wat vergelyk met beroerte by mense.
  7. Honde met bosluiskoors ervaar ‘n erge glucose tekort, dus te min energie.
  8. Om bosluiskoors behandeling te laat slaag is dit van uiterste belang om toe te sien dat die dier nie ontwater nie.
  9. Die belangrikste bydrae wat die honde-eienaar kan lewer om die behandeling te laat slaag, is om toe te sien dat die hond so gou moontlik weer begin eet.
  10. Heuning, glukose in die drinkwater en Energade energie koeldrank wat elektroliete bevat kan met ‘n klein spuit in die mond toegedien word.
  11. Marmite water en/of Oxo, flou opgelos (teelepel op koppie kookwater) en ook met ‘n spuit toegedien word met kort tussenposes sal help dat urienvloei verseker word, wat die uitskeiding van afval afkomstig van die rooibloedselle sal bewerkstellig.

Nasorg tuis

  1. Siek diere wat onder antibiotika is kan effe gaar hoenderlewers gevoer word om die bloed op te bou, gedokter met ‘n druppel of wat Staaldruppels.
  2. Kry met die voorkomende antibiotika ook ‘n ligte lakseermiddel soos Laxapet, Aptekersparafien en Wit Gero jogurt, as dit moet ook n Gliserien setpil en of seepsop in die vorm van sterk opgeloste groen sunlightseep)  om die derms te smeer
  3. Dit sal die metabolisme aanhelp, veral by diere wat galkoors opgedoen het.
  4. Dit is belangrik om die dooie rooibloedliggaampies wat deur die parasiet vernietig is en nou in die spysverteringstelsel versamel, deur die derms uit te skei.

Belangrik

  1. Trek die bosluis af en sit in ‘n houer met wit alkohol in, sodat die bosluis geïdentifiseer kan word indien nodig.
  2. By mense is dit veral belangrik omdat groepe bosluise verskillende siektes na die mens toe kan oordra soos Kongokoors, Lassa en Arena koors.

Praat met ‘n spesialis Veearts

  1. wat kennis dra van bosluise want dit is ‘n spesialisveld en algemene kennis gaan veroorsaak dat dier verloor word
  2. maak voor die tyd seker dat die persoon sy werk en veral bosluisgedraagde siektes werklik ken
  3. probeer altyd om eerder voorkomend op te tree deur die diere skoon te hou en gereeld asook voorkomend te dip met n veilige produk

BOSLUISBYTKOORS IN HONDE

Alle honde-eienaars word gemaan om nie kanse te waag met allerlei boererate nie maar hul diere so gou moontlik te neem vir behandeling.  Bosluisbytkoors en bosluiskoors moet as twee afsonderlike hondesiektes beskou word en nie verwar word met mekaar nie.

Inleiding

Bosluisbytkoors (Ehrlichiose canis) is ‘n bakterie met baie unieke eienskappe wat hom van ander bakterie onderskei.  Die Ehrlichia canis bakterie kan slegs binne liggaamselle oorleef.  Hierdie eienskap onderskei hom van verskeie ander bakterieë.  Bosluiskoors kan redelik maklik met ‘n bloedsmeer vasgestel word, terwyl die vasstelling van bosluisbytkoors baie moeiliker is om te diagnoseer.

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Die word veroorsaak deur ‘ n bakterium wat deur die Hondehokbosluis (Rhipicephalus sanguineus) aan vatbare honde oorgedra word.

Simptome

Die siekte kom gewoonlik in drie stadiums voor:

  • Akute stadium: Duur ‘n paar dae waarna tydelike herstel plaasvind.
  • Sub-akute stadium: Hierdie stadium kan weke tot maande duur waartydens die dier kort periodes van siekte beleef.
  • Chroniese stadium: Na etlike maande of jare word die hond se immuunstelsel totaal afgetakel en sterf hy aan ernstige sekondêre infeksies of bloeding.

 

  • malaria-parasites-invade-the-red-blood-cells-multiplying-quickly

Tekens en kenmerke

Die volgende simptome kan te eniger tyd in die verloop van die siekte voorkom in verskillende kombinasies:

  • Totale of gedeeltelike verlies aan eetlus (lekkernye kry voorkeur)
  • Hoë koors
  • Etterige neus- en/of oogafskeiding
  • Blou verkleuring van die horingvlies van die oog
  • Slegruikende asem
  • Oormatige, dikwels taai speekselvloei
  • Bloeding vanuit die neus of tandvleise
  • Braking en diarree
  • Hoes
  • Swelsel van die agterbene en skrotum
  • Mankheid
  • Gedeeltelike verlamming, veral van die agterlyf
  • Vermaering
  • Bloeding op die vel, veral op die onderbuik
  • Skielike vrekte vanweë erge inwendige bloeding (sien Fig. 1 en 2)

Fig. 1 – Bloeding regdeur die longe in ‘n bosluisbytkoors geval

ecanis2

Fig. 2 – Bloeding in die niere in ‘n bosluisbytkoors geval

 

ecanis3

In die chroniese stadium van die siekte vererger die simptome geleidelik totdat die dier uiteindelik aan erge longontsteking of dergelike sekondêre probleem sterf.

Diagnose

  1. Die organismes is baie moeilik om te vind en word in die witbloedselle van ‘n Giemsa bloedsmeer gesien. Hierdie klompie organismes wat so saam koek word ‘n “morula” (moerbei) genoem.
  2. In sub-akute en chroniese gevalle word organismes moeilik gevind. Dan moet ander diagnostiese metodes gebruik word om hul in hul wegkruipplekke op te spoor.
  3. Teenliggaampies teen die organismes kan in serum van siek diere gevind word.

Daar is twee tipes — die een dui op ‘n onlangse besmetting (IgM), terwyl die tweede dui op ‘n besmetting verskeie maande tevore (IgG).

  1. As die twee soorte saam voorkom, beteken dit dat die hond in die sub-akute stadium is.
  2. Word net IgG gevind, beteken dit slegs dat die dier al vantevore aan bosluisbytkoors blootgestel was en nie dat die dier steeds siek is daarvan nie.

Fig. 3 – Bosluisbytkoorsorganismes in ‘n witbloedsel (aangedui met ‘n pyltjie)

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Gevorderde toetsmetodes kan deesdae baie klein hoeveelhede DNS van die bacterium opspoor in ‘n druppel bloed.  Hierdie toetse is uiters sensitief, veral as monsters van die milt of longe verkry word.

Behandeling

  1. Op hierdie tydstip is daar slegs min antibiotikas wat effektief is teen bosluisbytkoors.
  2. In die meeste gevalle word dit binne-aars toegedien vir drie tot vyf dae aan die begin van die behandeling.
  3. Daarna word mondelingse behandeling voortgesit vir ‘n verdere twee weke of, in chroniese gevalle, vir langer periodes.
  4. Indien longontsteking ook voorkom, word ‘n ander tipe antibiotika ook toegedien, aangesien die middel teen bosluisbytkoors nie sterk genoeg is in die meeste gevalle van longontsteking nie.
  5. Vitamiene word toegedien om die eetlus te bevorder.
  6. In geval van bloeding word bloedstolmiddels toegedien, maar in ernstige gevalle mag dit nodig wees om vars bloed te gee.
  7. Kortisoon steroiëde word soms gegee om die hond se gestel op te bou en te help met die herstelproses.
  8. Goeie kos is ook baie belangrik om die hond in ‘n stygende fase van voeding te hou.

Voorkoming

  1. Die belangrikste voorkomende maatreël is om honde so goed u kan bosluisvry te hou.
  2. Dit behels gereelde dip was en dip met veilige middels soos Propyrepet
  3. Dit is egter baie moeilik om honde in hierdie warm klimaat algeheel vry van bosluise te hou, dus moet ‘n siek dier so gou moontlik aandag kry.

Opsomming

Bosluisbytkoors is meestal ‘n uitgerekte siekte, alhoewel akute sterftes ook voorkom.  In die meeste gevalle kan vroegtydige optrede wel die dier se lewe red.  As daar goeie reënval in die voorjaar is, dan is bosluise – en dus ook bosluissiektes – die volgende somer ‘n groot probleem.

Ter wille van die mens se troeteldiere word alle honde-eienaars gemaan om nie kanse te waag met allerlei boererate nie, maar hul diere so gou moontlik te neem vir behandeling.

Pierre van Niekerk © 2015

Bronnelys:

  1. Fig 1, 2 en 3: Bristol Biomedical Image Archives © University of Bristol 1999
  2. Dr W J Grobler BVSc, Protea Dierekliniek
  3. Ticks, Bowman and Nuttel
  4. MIMS/IDR 2011/12

Pierre van Niekerk

Moontlike raad vir klappers en ander geraas.

  1. Allergex of Phenergan 10 mg pille – klein en medium honde 1 x Allergex;
  2. Medium en groter honde 1-2 Allergex tablette
  3. Maak fyn en smeer in mond/kieste, moenie verdoesel in vleis f ander mediums nie. – vir maksimum 3 dae indien nodig. Werk op 1 pil vir elke 10kg gewig.
  4. Rescue druppels – smeer 3-4 druppels aan die binnekant van die oor flappe waar jy die aartjies kan sien … jy kan nie oordoseer met Rescue drops nie!
  5. Kan ook Calm-eeze probeer
  6. Meeste sukses word behaal met die “Thunder blanket/half wrap” … jy kan enige rekbare materiaal daarvoor gebruik, selfs ‘n serp of T-shirt, solank die materiaal lank genoeg is en op die regte plekke drukking toepas op die lyf.

Raad van ander lede van die blad:

Nesta Rossouw: Ek verkies Nutricalm by verre. Die oorspronklike Bach Flower Remedy Rescue druppels of sproei mag ook dalk werk.

Debbie Van Aswegen: I use ACP from my vet thats all that works for my dog to sleep through it all.

Cindy le Roux: I get Anxitane tablets from our vet. It works like a charm and it’s very safe.

Karlene Treurnicht: Happy Hound and the TTouch half wrap. If need be ask your vet for Clomicalm.

Vicki Treurnich: 0123587095/6 bel hierdie nommer. Hul gee vir jou ‘n nommer van wie in jou area moet uitkom en die mense vat nie nonsens nie.

Algemeen

  1. Bring jou diere in die huis sodat jul almal bymekaar in een vertrek kan wees. Maak alle deure  en vensters dig toe, laat sak die blindings en trek gordyne toe om enige lawaai van buite so ver moontlik te verdoof.
  2. Sit die TV of radio taamlik hard aan en sit en speel of ‘praat’ met julle 4-been kinders – moenie angstig of gestres lyk of reageer nie, hulle sal dit dadelik aanvoel.
  3. Indien jy enige medikasie gaan toedien, gee dit so teen sononder se kant.
  4. Indien jul die aand nie tuis gaan wees nie, probeer asb. reël vir iemand om jou diere geselskap te hou. Daar is musiek wat vrylik op die internet beskikbaar is, wat jy vir jou diere kan aflaai en terugspeel om hulle te kalmeer.
  5. Weereens – doen altyd jou navorsing asb, wat vir een werk, werk nie altyd vir almal nie.

 

Pierre van Niekerk © 2016