SNUFFELS BY KATTE

Dis die algemene naam vir aansteeklike asemhalingsiektes (verkoue, konjunktivitis, boonste lugweg infeksie) by katte. Die simptome word deur ‘n verskeidenheid van virusse veroorsaak, waarvan die Feline Herpes-virus (nie dieselfde een wat mense aantas nie) die groot oorsaak is van Snuffels en kan groot ulkusse in die oë en slymvliese van katte veroorsaak.

‘n Inenting daarteen is beskikbaar en dit moet jaarliks toegedien word as jy seker wil wees dat jou kat gesond bly, veral in die geval van opregte katte soos Siamees en Persies.

Doen spesifiek navraag oor die inenting.

Simptome
• Die siekte begin gewoonlik vinnig en duur twee tot vier weke. Die graad varieer van net ‘n bietjie nies en seer oë tot dodelike longontsteking.
• Die koors is gewoonlik hoog, maar dit kan wissel.
• Die oë traan of kan selfs etterig wees. By jong katjies kan die konjunktivitis só erg wees dat hul oë heeltemal toegegom is met etter.
• In sommige gevalle kan volwasse katte sinusitis kry wat maande of jare daarna probleme veroorsaak.
• In ligte gevalle behou die kat sy eetlus. As hy ophou om te eet is dit baie belangrik om hom so gou moontlik veearts toe te neem vir behandeling.

Behandeling
• Die siekte is hoogs aansteeklik en die meeste goeie veeartse sal nie so ‘n geval in hul hospitaal opneem nie. Jy sal dus elke dag moet teruggaan vir inspuitings.
• Katte wat weier om te eet, kan dehidreer en doodgaan as gevolg van nierversaking.

Mediese behandeling is noodsaaklik in hierdie gevalle.
• As jou kat kwaai nies, maar nog eet en gesond lyk, kan jy stoom gebruik, net soos jy met babas doen, om die lugweë te laat ooptrek.
• Jy kan ook sy dosis vitamien A verhoog deur hom ‘n paar druppels lewertraanolie te gee of ‘n halwe bak gaar hoenderlewers te voer. Maar pas op vir te veel vitamien A, dit kan dodelik wees vir ‘n kat.

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• Kolostrum is ook ‘n immuniteit “booster paste” vir katte wat die Feline Herpes virus het, en kan as ‘n daaglikse aanvulling gegee word en eetlus aan te help
• Cipla Actin (goedkoop by enige apteek en sonder voorskrif) is ‘n anti-histamien vir mense maar gee diere ‘n eetlus. Ongeveer ‘n halwe tablet per 5 kg. Veearts sal dit aanbeveel.
• Die meeste diere is mal oor kolostrum en hulle eet al hul kos op as daar kolostrum oor gestrooi is.
• Vir ‘n kat wat siek is en nie wil eet nie – smeer die medisyne net aan sy pels. Hul lek dit gewoonlik self af en kry dit sodoende in.

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Fulvic Suur (Acid)

Inleiding?

Fulvic suur kry sy naam van die Latynse beskrywing, “Fulvus” wat diep geel, goudkleurig  en ligbruin kleure voorstel.

Ons lewe in ‘n sameleweling vandag waar ons weet dat ons nie voldoende voeding inneem in die veral die groentes wat ons inneem nie. Weens die massaproduksie metodes wat vir die oog goed en indrukwekkend lyk, maar op voedingsvlak arm in waarde is.

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Daarby word meeste produkte gevoed met kunsmatige voedingstowwe in kunsmis, insektisiedes, pestisiedes en herbisiedes wat bydrae tot minerale verarming van grond en grondwaardes vir voeding in plante.

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Hoeveelheid en ook vinnige omset en produksie is geld. En in hierdie produksiemetodes kort vrugte en groente belangrike spoorelemente en ander belangrike voedingswaardes vir mens en dier. Laat ons wel met ‘n klomp chemiese residue waarvan meeste bewus is. Insluitende fulvic suur.  In hoeveelhede wat Moeder Natuur onder normale omstandighede wou hê mens en dier moet inneem.

Fulvic acid of suur is ‘n organiese produk wat oor Tyd onstaan het weens mikrobiese afbreek van plante deur die eeue. 

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Fulvic suur:- ‘n Kritiese aspek tot enige Lewe

Fulvic suur blyk onbekend te wees in die algemene gesondheidsbegrip van mense. Tog word fulvic suur se waardes en bydraes deur baie wetenskaplikes intensief bestudeer. Min mense besef dat fulvic suur ‘n kritiese element in hul gesondheid is, so belangrik soos water, sonlig en suurstof.

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Plante kan nie sonder suur bestaan nie en sonder plante, kan die mens en dier ook nie bestaan nie.

Fulvic suurword in plante en in grond gevind. Dit het daar twee krities-belangrike funksies. Om uit die grond

  1. minerale en spoorelemnte te absorbeer, asook alle ander natuurlike voedingstowwe en
  2. om dit dan oor te dra na plante, waar dit metaboliseer word vr gesonde groei.

Wanneer plante hul leeftyd voltooi het en kompos word, word fulvic suur terug in die grond in geplaas en die sklus herhaal.

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Soos by plante, het fulvic suur dieselfde aksie by die mens en sy diere. Fulvic suur het ‘n uitsonderlike spektrum van voordele. En alle lewensvorme deel soortgelyke boustene van lewe, naamlik lewende selle.

Fulvic suur dra aan mens en dier minerale en voeding oor in lewende selle wat gevind word in oerplante. Dit verhoog selenergie, wat oorskakel in lewensenergie, selgesondheid, vinniger herstel van siektes en beserings asook mense met uitdagende gesondheidstoestande wat gevind word in ouderdom.

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Belangrikheid van Fulvic suur in selle

Om die belangrikheid van Fulvic suur te verstaan, moet mens by die selle van die mens self begin.

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Selle, en veral mense wat die gevolge van onderdom besef en siektes besef, weet dat gesonde selle ‘n fundamentele komponent is van lewe. ‘n Enkele bevrugte eiersel ontwikkel in werklikheid  in 1 000 000 000 000 00 (10 tot die mag 14) selle.

Selle word van mekaar en van die eksterne omgewing onderskei met membrane.

Meeste mens en of dierselle bestaan uit ‘n nukleues of soortgelyk wat al die chemiese informasie (DNA) van die mens en dier beskrywe en, wat graag maksimale uiting wil gee aan die genetiese potensiaal van die mens of dier.

Wanneer selle hul tyd uitgeleef het en verouder, begin skade intree en ook siektes ontstaan. Dit is so eenvoudig soos dit.

Dit is dus krities dat die mens wat omgee, sorg dat lewende selle voortdurend gevoed word om ouderdom en siektes af te weer en of te keer dat dit ontstaan.

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Voorkoming, is beter as beheer.

Voeding speel dus n belangrike rol om selle gesond te hou. Tekorte sal ouderdom versnel en so ook siektetoestande. Vir ‘n sel om maksimaal te kan funksioneer moet dit;

” Bio-aktief wees, en Bio-beskikbaar”

Spoorelemente, minerale en vitamienes het ‘n baie beperkte “Bio-beskikbaarheid” leeftyd in die dierlike sel.  Hul kan net “Bio-beskikbaar ” word en wees sou hul met ander substansies en komponente ingeneem word waarin hul natuurlik voorkom.

Al hierdie komponente vorm ‘n sinergistiese omgewing wat hul absorpsie van ‘n verskeidenheid belangrikse en nodige voedingstowwe in die selle maksimaliseer om hul jonk, funksioneel, bio-aktief en lewend te hou.

Hierin speel fulvic suur ‘n belangrike sinergistiese rol om daardie funksionele omgewing te skep.

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Minerale in Fulvic Suur

Fulvic suur los in natuurlike vorm minerale in plante en die grond op en stel (bied) dit dan in ‘n opneembare vorm aan plante aan. Wanneer nie-organiese kompenente aan fulvic suur blootgestel word wat belangrike natuurlike minerale bevat. (klei, klip, skalie) word dit ook afgebreek en bio-beskikbaar aan plante aangebied wanneer dit met water in aanraking kom.

Op die manier word dit ook in die dierlike liggaam bio-beskikbaar en bio-aktief.

Fulvic suur bevat volgens die Literatuur die rykdom van sowat 70 minerale en spoorelemente, al die voedingswaardes wat oor Tyd en oertye geleef het, aminosure (boustene van lewe) aminosuikers, peptides, nukleo-sure, phytochemiese en phyto-voedingstowwe.

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WIKIPEDIA beskrywe phyto-chemiese substansies as elemente wat natuurlik in plante voorkom om hulself van verskeie skadelike elemente te beskerm. Navorsing bewys egter dat vele van hierdie Biologiese verdedigingsmeganismes funksionele belangrikheid vir die mens demonstreer by die beheer of voorkoming of bestuur van kanker, metaboliese sindrome (dikderm, spysverteringstelsels) en ander siektes wat van belang is.

Daar is meer as 4000 phyto-chemikalië bekend wat betrokke is by verskillende voorkomende siektetoestande. Vele van hierdie elemente en of substansies tel as van die heel belangrikste komponente anti-kanker voedingstowwe.

Sommige belangrike en bekende phyto-chemikalië (Word in Engels gelos sodat lesers dit makliker kan Google en opsoek)

  1. Antioxidant action : allyl sulphides, carotenoids, flavonoids, polyphenols – protect our cells against oxidative damage and reduce the risk of developing certain types of cancer.
  2. Hormonal action : isoflavones – imitate human estrogens and help reduce menopausal symptoms and osteoporosis.
  3. Stimulation of enzymes: protease inhibitors, terpenes, indoles – stimulate enzymes that make the estrogen less effective and could reduce the risk of breast cancer.
  4. Interference with DNA replication: saponins – impede replication of cell DNA, thereby preventing the multiplication of cancer cells; capsaicin – protects DNA from carcinogens.
  5. Anti-bacterial effect: allicin – has anti-bacterial properties.
  6. Physical action: proanthocyanidins – bind physically to cell walls, thereby preventing the adhesion of pathogens to human cell walls.

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Fulvic suur is dus die komponent in die liggaam van plant en dier wat voedingstowwe wat Bio-beskikbaar en Bio-aktief maak op sellulêre vlak. Fulvic suur word erken vir sy vermoë om balanse tussen selstrukture te bring, asook biologiese prosesse in selgesondheid te stimuleer, selle se energievlakke te optimaliseer om gesondheid te bewerkstellig.

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Algemene bydraes en waardes van Fulvic Suur.

Fulvic suur se minerale en spoorelement-inhoudelike het die volegnde eienskappe;

  • Dit is dit ‘n waardevolle natuurlike elektroliet wat verskeie mikro-elemente vervang wat deur die vel deur middel van sweet verloor word, veral by oefening en sport.
  • Verander en bind “vegetale” silika na kollageen en versterk daarmee ook alle “connective tissue” (verbindingsmateriaal of gom tussen selle) in die liggaam. Dit is dus veral by plooie waar kollageen ‘n “anti-plooi” of dan gom funksie het omdat die die verbinding tussen selle versterk wat plooivorming verhoed.
  • Phyto-chemiese elemente in fulvic suur het verskeie antibakteriese, anti-virale, anti-inflammatoriese elemente wat die immuunsisteem help om daarteen te veg.
  • Fulvic suur stimuleer ‘n gesonde pH-balans tussen die onderskeie selle met verskillende pH- vereistes.
  • Fulvic suur, weens sy bio-chemiese samestelling deur Moeder Natuur, het die natuurlike vermoë om effektief sy minerale, voeding- en helingswaardes direk te neem na alle organe in die liggaam waar dit maksimaal opgeneem kan word en bio-aktief funksioneel kan raak ter wille van selgesondheid.

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Fulvic suur se inname se doel

  • Om dit wat die liggaam nodig het in vandag se moderne lewe, terug te plaas in die ligaam wat nie in die gebruik van groente en ander moderne voedingstowwe beskikbaar is vir goeie velsorg en gesondheid nie.
  • Fulvic suur is ‘n robuuste anti-oksidant, wat vrye radikale neutraliseer in die liggaam veral in selle, en vrye radikale se invloed minimaliseer in die beskadiging van selmembrane van lewende selle, proteiene en sel DNA.
  • Fulvic suur is op molekulêre vlak saamgestel in 45% strukturele suurstof in massa wat direk in selle afgelewer word. Dit dien as ‘n bron van skoon volhoubare energie, diametries verskillend van kort skadelike geblikte energiebronne in kaffeiendrankies en suikerkoeldranke.
  • Fulvic suur dra by om van skadelike patogene, toksienes, bakterie en virusse ontslae te raak weens sy meganiese en strukturele aksies en voedingstowwe.
  • Help met die balansering van bloedsuiker

 

People-with-autoimmune-disorders

  • Beter opname van suurstof in selle wat enorm bydrae veral in kompeternede sport en siektetoestande waar die longe beskadig is.
  • Bogenoemde funksies van fulvic suur kan ook bydrae dat daar korter herstelperiodes is tydens sport, vinniger herstel periodes tydens beserings, kan dus bydrae tot die verminderings van “cravings” en ongesonde eetgewoontes.
  • Die verhoogde suurtofinname van fulvic suur kan ook bydrae dat skadelike virusse en bakterie nie kan oorleef om siektetoestande te veroosaak soos verkoue en griep nie.
  • Behoort n wesenike bydrae te lewer in die voeding van naels, hare, velsorg, veral om velverjonging te bevorder.
  • Spysverteringsakies te bevorder
  • Behoort beter konsentrasie vermoeëns mee te bring, beter brein en ook geheue funksies.
  • Behoort ook die libido te bevorder, beter seksuele funksionering en verhoging van seksuele behoefte.

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Fulvic Suur en Eksterme Sport

  1. Fulvic suur is ‘n ideale vervanging van kreatien, wat gewild is onder sportmanne en vroue wat aan ekstreme sportsoorte soos liggaamsbou deelneem, waar spiermassa en die bou en instandhouding daarvan van belang is. Kreatien verhoog uithou vermoeëns.
  2. Fulvic suur is nie kreatien nie. Alhoewel fulvic suur ‘n ideale vervanging van kreatin is, is dit sonder die skadelike effekte van kreatien in oormaat.
  3. Fulvic suur sal ook by uitdagende fisiese aktiwiteite,  die immuunsisteem ondersteun en inflamasie van spierooreising beveg.

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Fulvic suur en Gewigsverlies

Fulvic suur is ‘n onbekende, tog ‘n kritiese komponent waar gewigsverlies verlang word. Dit dien as ‘n “chelator” wat in die Mikrobiologie beskou word as “Chemical compound,  that reacts with metal ions, to form a stable water-soluble complex.

” Ione weer is ‘n elektries gelaaide atoom of molekule. Dit word as “gelaai” beskou omdat die getal elektrone nie gelyk is aan die getal protone in die atoom of molekule nie.  Atome kan ‘n positiewe of negatiewe lading benodig, gegewe die getal elektrone in ‘n atoom is of groter of kleiner as die getal protone in die atoom.

Fulvic suur, as ‘n natuurlike chelator, bind dan ander substansies aan sy molekulêre struktuur. Weens sy atoom struktuur, vind ander voedingselemente wat geëet word, bind daaraan en vervoer dan die voedingstowwe na al die selle in mens of dier se liggaam.

Wat dit in effek beteken is dat dit kosbehoeftes of “cravings” inhibeer wat te veel eet en of behoete tot oordadige eet verhoed.

CHEMICAL DIGESTION CARBOHYDRATES PROTEIN FATS NUCLEIC ACIDS
CHEMICAL DIGESTION CARBOHYDRATES PROTEIN FATS NUCLEIC ACIDS

Metabolisme

In eenvoudige beskrywing van “Metabolisme” kan wees die omskakeling van stysels, vette en proteien wat in die spysverteringstelsel verteer is, na energie wat die liggaam kan gebruik.

Enige fisiese aktiwiteit, verhoog die metabolisme. Die tipe metabolisme egter hang af van die tipe aktiwiteit.

 

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Aërobiese en Anaërobiese verskille

  • Draf word as ‘n aërobiese  aktiwiteit beskou,
  • terwyl ‘n 100 meter resies, as ‘n anaërobiese aktiwiteit beskou word.
  • Aërobiese oefeningebeteken dat oefening gedoen word in die teenwoordigheid van suurstof.
  • Anaërobiese oefening of aktiwiteit vind in die afwesigheid van suurstof plaas.

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Opsommend en Algemeen

Daar is baie verwysings in die Literatuur oor die waarde van fulvic suur. Moeilik vir die persoon om die basiese van Fulvic suur in gewone taal te verstaan.

Opsommend doen Fulvic suur die volgende vir ‘n persoon;

Fulvic suur stel by inname miljoene voordelige mikrobes en ander chemiese en minerale komponente, tesame met ‘n bouquet van vetsure, hormone, vitamiene en spoorelemente en minerale, ketone en ook flavonoiedes vry. Studies bewys ook dat dit help met spysvertering, beter voedingssabsorpsie en verstadig ook die veroudering van selle.

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Hier is 10 belangrike waardes van Fulvic suur.

  1. Vul Mineraal en Vitamientekorte aan
  • Mineraalopname vanuit die moderne dieët is n groot rede tot kommer en dra waarskynlik tot vele siektetoestande by.
  • Geneties Moduleerde Organismes asook moderne boerderypraktyke met chemiese kunsmis mag bydrae tot laer mineraal en vitamieninhoudelike in groente en vrugte wat te koop aangebied word. Hierdie produkte weens hul groei en versorgingspraktyke mag dus mineraaltekorte hê wat onvoldoende is vir ‘n gesonde diëet.
  • Die toestand mag selfs die mees gesondheidsbewuste persoon se dieët twyfelagtig maak wat glo hy neem genoegsame voedsel in. In die groente en vrugte se groeiprosesse is hul ook aan swaarmetale in skadelike pestisiedes, insektisiedes, onkruidbeheemiddels en kunsmatige kunsmis en ander toksiese stowwe blootgestel.
  • Groente en vrugte lyk wel mooi maar daar is twyfelagtige voedingswaardes in hul opname.
  • Essensieële mineraal en vitamientekorte mag lei tot haarverdunning, naelprobleme en naleverkleuring, gewigstoename, selfs gewigsverlies, lae energievlakke, swak algemene gesondheid, migraines en bloeddruk en bloedsuiker probleme.
  • Gehalte Fulvic suur bevat sowat 70 spoor en mineraalelemente wat noodsaaklik is vir die normale ontwikkeling van die selle van die liggaam. En inname mag dalk die hele spektrum van minerale en spoorelemente aan die gebruiker per dag verskaf.

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2. Stimuleer Minerale Absorpsie

  • In plante lok en bind Fulvic suur molekules, asook gelaaide atome en maak hul gereed vir absorpsie by die plant se wortels. Dit help die plant om voedingstowwe na die plant se blare toe te neem vir fotosintese en die byprodukte, minerale en vitamiene terug na die plant se wortels.
  • Fulvic suur doen dieselfde vir die liggaam. Dit verhoog en bevorder die opname van voedingstolwwe vanuit die spysverteringskanaal.
  • Fulvic suur dien ook as ‘n draer van amino-sure, mienrale en vitamine van verteerde voedsel.
  • Om Fulvic suur as ‘n byvoedingsmiddel in te neem, verhoog dus die selle in die liggaam om minerale en vitamienopname te verhoog.
  • Beter opname van minerale en vitamienes behoort beter gesondheid in mens en dier se liggaam te kan fasiliteer, metaboliese funksies, spysverteringgesondheid en nutriente assimilasie.

3. Bevorder Spysvertering

Gastro en en vele ander spysverteringsprobleme, soos, diarree, konstipasie, “bloating” en ander ongesteldhede het twee faktore in gemeen.

  • Ongebalanseerde maagbakterie balanse
  • verkeerde eetgewoontes

Die versameling van skadelike bakterie in die spysverteringstelsel, kan lei tot voedselsensitiwiteit en ook IBS (Irritable Bowl Disease), wat op hul beurt na dodelike gesondheidsprobleme kan lei.

Fulvic suur help/voorkom hierdie toestand met elketroliete, probiotika, vetsure en spoorelemente, wat almal bydrae tot spysverteringgesondheid.

Sommige spysverteringsprobleme lei tot die ” Leaky Gut Syndrome.” Dit is ‘n toestand waar voedselpartikels deur die kolon in die bloedstroom penetreer en op hul beurt inflammasie en auto-immuunreaksies tot gevolg het.

Fulvic suur herstel normaliteit in die spysverteringstelsel, die minerale en vitamien-inhoudelike restoreer ook die funksies van die spysverteringstelsel, verbeter stresvlakke, verhoogde aptytregulering en hormoonbalanse.

AnaerobicDigestionParameters

 

(Om te voltooi)

4. Verhoog Energie vlakke

5. Stimuleer Immuunrespons

6. Voorkom Inflammasie

7. Verwyderings van Toksienes en Vrye Radikale

8. Verhoog Haar, Vel en Naelgesondheid

9. Bevorder Breinfunksies en Breingesondheid

10. Versnel spierbeserings en Wonde

 

Die lewer en sy Belangrikheid

Inleiding:

The lewer is die grootste orgaan in die liggaam. Sy belangrikheid word beklemtoon met die vele metaboliese funksies wat die lewer het. Die lewer is mens en dier se eie persoonlike chemiese verwerkingsaanleg. Dit filter sowat 30% van die liggaam se totale bloedvolume op elke gegewe minuut, waar dit skadelike stowwe opvang en verwerk asook noodsaaklike voedingstowwe vervaardig en versprei in die bloedstroom.

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Die lewer is aktief betrokke by ongeveer 500 funksies in die liggaam.

  1. Dit breek voedingstowwe af in ons dieët
    1. Breek dit op in herkenbare vorme
    2. stoor hierdie voedingstowwe
    3. en verskaf dan hierdie voedingstowwe aan selle en organe soos wat dit benodig word.

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  1. Die lewer neem toksiese stowwe (vrye radikale) in die liggaam op
    1. Breek dit af in skadelose afvalstowwe
    2. Skei dit uit na die maag en vir uitskeiding

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  • Die lewer filter ongeveer elke gegewe minuut 1.4 liter bloed, en in totaal sowat 600 liter bloed per dag en skei ureum uit na
  • Die niere, wat sowat 400 liter afskeiding van die lewer in die vorm van ureum filter. Ureum is ‘n afvalstof van die lewer en dit word na die niere uitgeskei, wat dit verwerk en uitskei as uriene.

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Kenmerke van die lewer

  • Die menslike lewer weeg ongeveer 1.4 kg. Sit aan die regter bokant van die abdomen en net onder die diafragma. Neem die meeste plek in onder die ribbes.
  • Die lewer is duidelik verdeel in twee eenhede, ‘n groter en ‘n kleiner lob. Die twee lobbe word aanmekaar geheg deur “connective tissue” (sien die funksie van kollageen) wat die lewer anker in die abdomen.
  • Die galblaas stoor gal en word in n klein holte aan die onderkant van die lewer gevind.
  • Die lewer bestaan uit baie klein eenhede wat as “lobules” bekend staan. In hierdie lobules is duisende klein kanaaltjies waardeur die bloed syfer.
  • Bloed word van die spysverteringskanale in die lewer ingepomp deur die hart met die “Portal Vein”. Hierdie toevoer van bloed is ryk aan voedingstowwe in ons dieët. Maar, dit bevat ook die chemiese stowwe van medikasie asook toksiese afvalstowwe wat in die liggaam opgeneem word en of self vervaardig.
  • In die lewer word voedingstowwe opgeneem, afvalstowwe verwerk, gestoor, verander en ontgif “detox” en weer in die bloedstroom vrygestel om gebruik te word, of om deur die liggaam uitgeskei te word.
  • Vitamien K is ‘n belangrike vitamien vir die lewer. Saam produseer hul proteiëne wat belangrik vir bloedverdikking (Wafarin medikasie is bloedverdunningsmedikasie).
  • Die lewer is ook funksioneel in die afbreek van ou bloedselle wat hul lewensiklus voltooi het.

NAFLD

Metabolisme en die Lewer

Die lewer speel ‘n sentrale rol in alle metaboliese prosesse van die liggaam.

Die lewer gebruik vetselle (vet is die liggaam se spens) as voorbeeld, om energie te verwek. ‘n Disfunksionele lewer sal dus nie instaat wees om vet in die liggaam funksioneel af te breek veral by mense wat ‘n paar kilogram sou wou wil verloor nie. ‘n Disfunksionle lewer kan dus ook die oorsaak wees waarom gewig opgetel word.

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Die lewer produseer ook sowat 800-1000 ml gal per dag. ‘n Groen-geel dikkerige vloeistof wat belangrike funksie het in die absorbering van vet, asook die afbreek daarvan. Word in klein kanaaltjies versamel wat in die galblaas eindig en daarna na ‘n gedeelte van die dunderm toe versprei word.

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Metabolisering van Stysel

Met die metabolisering van stysels stabiliseer die lewer bloedglukose-vlakke in die liggaam. As die suikervlakke styg in die liggaam (soos byvoorbeeld na ‘n maaltyd) sal die lewer suiker in die bloedstroom neem (komende van die “Portal Vein”) en dit stoor in die vorm van glukose.

As die liggaam se bloedsuikervlakke te laag is, sal die lewer glukose afbreek en vrystel as suiker en dit dan vrylaat in die bloedstroom. Die lewer stoor ook minerale soos yster en koper en stel dit in die bloedstroom vry wanneer die liggaam dit benodig.

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Metabolisering van Proteiene

Die lewer speel ook ‘n funksionele rol in die afbreek van proteiene. Breek en verander amino-sure in voedsel sodat dit gebruik kan word vir die vervaardiging van energie vir die liggaam. Of, om voedsel om te skakel in suikers en vette en dit dan te stoor.

Die lewer se afvalstowwe word vrygestel in die vorm van ammoniak, wat ‘n toksiese en sadelike stof is. Die lewer versag die skadelikheid van amoniak, verander dit in ureum voordat dit in die bloedstroom vrygestel word. Ureum (Urea) word dan in die bloedstroom na die niere vervoer wat dit deur die urienwegstelsel as uriene vrystel.

 

Liver-Bruising-Connection

Opsommend.

  1. Die lewer is een van die belangrikste organe in die liggaam en moet as ‘n vriend beskou word wat jou wil voed, en in dieselfde asem wil “detox” of ontgif.
  2. Die is die liggaam se eie voedselverwerkingsaanleg
  3. Dit is die liggaam se spens. Dit stoor nutriënte wanneer nodig en stel energie vry waneer nodig.
  4. Breek ook nie-suikers, soos proteiene of amino-sure af en skakel dit om as as glukose om bloedsuikdervlakke optimaal te hou.
  5. Breek ook vette af soos cholestrol, lipo-proteiene en phospholipiede.
  6. Die lewer is ook die liggaam se spens wat Vit A, Vit B12, Vit D, Vit E asook minerale soos yster en koper.
  7. Filtreer nitrogeengasse, cholestrol en skadelike hormone na die niere en ingewande vir uitskeiding
  8. Vervaardig gal om al die skadelike toksiese stowwe te neutraliseer asook om te help in die geval van afbreek van voedsel by inname.

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Gevolge van Disfunksionele Lewer

Wanneer dar lewerskade van soorte by mens en dier ontstaan, wat verskeie oorsake het, kan vele probleme ontstaan. Alle boed beweeg deur die lewer. Die lewer moet alle toksiese stowwe, vette, voedingstowwe, afvalstowwe van soorte filter en filtreer. Afbreek en of stoor en uitskei.

Die lewer moet dooie bloedselle, afval en gebruikte hormone,  medisyne soos penisillien suksesvol afbreek en uitskei na die maag en uitskeidingsorgane soos limfkliere en kolon.

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Wanneer die lewer nie dit suksesvol doen nie, kan vele siektes ontstaan.

Dan versamel hierdie toksiese afvalstowwe orals in selle in die liggaam. Dit kan lei na sere op die bene of ander dele van die liggaam, kan breinskade en of komas ook veroorsaak.

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Die lewer produseer op ‘n kontstante basis proteiene. Wanneer die lewer onsuksesvol lewensnoodsaaklike proteiene vervaardig, (belangrik vir die bestaan van alle lewe in plante en diere) en daarmee saam “blood clotting” of normale bloedverdikking suksesvol verseker, kan bloeding ontstaan in organe of in wonde wat baie moeiik stop.

Dit lei ook tot “bruises” of onverklaarbare bloukolle en oppervlakkige rooikolle en ontsteking.

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Die Wonder van die Lewer

Die lewer is die enigste orgaan wat homself kan hernu, en kan teruggroei met volle funksie. Vir die rede kan jy ‘n gedeelte van die lewer skenk sonder dat jy as persoon enige skade ly.

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Gaan sien ‘n mediese praktisyn indien die volgende opgemerk word;

  • Swelling van die bene of enkels
  • Onverklaarbare jeuk
  • Donker uriene
  • Vaalkleurige, of bloederige of teer of swart stoelgang
  • Kroniese moegheid
  • Geelkleurige neerslag in die wit van die oë
  • Braking
  • Maklike kneusings en of bloeding en bloukolle
  • Maagwerkings of diarree, ens

Siektes van die lewer

  • Sirrose van die lewer, ook bekend is as “scarred liver.” Dit is lewer wat nie normaal funksioneer nie.
  • Hepatitis A, B en C.
  • WILSONS’S se siekte
  • Lewerskade weens alkohol misbruik
  • Kanker van die lewer
  • Vervette lewer of “Fatty Liver Disease”

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Bronne

  1. Menche N. (ed.) Biologie Anatomie Physiologie. Munich: Urban & Fischer/ Elsevier; 2012.
  2. Pschyrembel W. Klinisches Wörterbuch. Berlin: De Gruyter; 2014.
  3. Schmidt R, Lang F, Heckmann M. Physiologie des Menschen: mit Pathophysiologie. Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.

 

Suiker in wonde

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Bakterie in wonde

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Goeie en skadelike bakterie word in die Literatuur beskrywe as eensellige organismes wat onder gunstige omstandighede baie vinnig kan vermenigvuldig.

 

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Faktore van belang by bakterie

 Is onder andere temperatuur, die Ph van die wond, suurstof, osmotiese druk en ook voedingstowwe. Bakterie, soos by alle ander vorms van lewe, is afhanklik van water.

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Behandeling van wonde.

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Wonde word behandel deur die ideale omstandighede waarin skadelike bakterie voortplant. Gebruik dus metodes wat bakterie se suurstof afsny,  hul ideale temperatuur te verander, hul waterbehoeftes te ontwrig.

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Suiker of sukrose in ‘n wond het n wesenlike invloed op die vermoë van bakterie om water op te neem. Wanneer die vermoë van bakterie om water op te neem ontwrig word, inhibeer dit die aanwas en groei van bakterie. Soos genoem, alle bakterie het vog as substraat nodig om te kan lewe en of voort te plant. Suiker verhoed dat bakterie water of vog genoegsaam kan opneem en dit is die rede waarom suiker in wonde gebruik word.

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Suiker het ook verskeie antimikrobiese funksies.

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Die beskrywing daarvan ‘n komplekse funksie en die beste verstaanbare beskrywing is in wonde ‘n hoë osmotiese druk veroorsaak.

Pierre van Niekerk ©

Oral Health and Gut Health

You can’t see them, feel them or taste them, but your mouth is home to entire colonies of microorganisms. While most of these tiny oral bacteria do us no harm, there are other species in the mix that are disease causing and can affect our health and need to be controlled with a healthy diet, good oral care practices and regular visits to your dentist.

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Over 700 different strains of bacteria have been detected in the human mouth, though most people are only host to 34 to 72 different varieties. Most of these bacterial species appear to be harmless when it comes to our health. Others, known as probiotics, are beneficial bacteria that aid in the digestion of foods. Other bacteria actually protect our teeth and gums. There are some bacteria, however, that we’d rather do without, since they cause tooth decay and gum disease.

The Two Most Common Harmful Bacteria

Streptococcus mutans is the bacteria you’ve probably heard the most about. It lives in your mouth and feeds on the sugars and starches that you eat. That alone wouldn’t be so bad, but as a by-product of its ravenous appetite, it produces enamel-eroding acids, which make streptococcus mutans the main cause of tooth decay in humans.

Porphyromonas gingivalis is usually not present in a healthy mouth, but when it does appear, it has been strongly linked to periodontitis. Periodontitis is a serious and progressive disease that affects the tissues and the alveolar bone that support the teeth. It is not a disease to be taken lightly. It can cause significant dental pain, and can eventually lead to tooth loss.

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Managing Bacteria

Once you’ve got a strain of oral bacteria, you’re not likely to rid yourself of it. The good news is that you can manage and control the bacteria in your mouth with good oral care. Brushing after meals and flossing at least once per day can remove the source of food for harmful bacteria, which can keep them from reproducing in your mouth. Antibacterial mouthwash can also be used to keep your oral flora from taking over. Your diet also plays a role in managing bacteria. Avoiding sugary and starchy foods, especially when you don’t have access to a toothbrush, helps constrain bacterial growth. Also, eating foods that are known to promote healthy bacteria will help you keep your teeth and mouth healthy for a lifetime.

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Common Mouth Bacteria

A bacterium that builds up on teeth makes gums prone to infection. Over time, inflammation and the chemicals it releases eat away at the gums and bone structure that hold teeth in place. The result is severe gum disease, known as periodontitis. Poor oral health can lead to digestive issues. More worryingly, bad bacteria present in your saliva travels to your digestive tract when you swallow. This can cause an imbalance in your digestive system and subsequently digestive problems that can cause problems in the rest of your body.

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Poor oral health can lead to digestive issues

Digestive problems can take many forms ranging from acid reflux to constipation irritable bowel syndrome. Common causes of digestive issues include not chewing food thoroughly and eating too quickly.  That means the condition of your teeth and gums can have an impact on your digestive health.

The mouth plays an integral role in the digestive process as it’s where physical and chemical digestive processes begin. That means the condition of your teeth and gums can have an impact on your digestive health. It’s also interesting to note that gastrointestinal disorders can similarly affect your oral health.

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Healthy teeth and gums help us to chew food properly, which leads to good digestion. Misalignment (very skew teeth), infection and missing teeth are some dental problems that affect our ability to chew food, with possible digestive issues down the line.

How gastrointestinal disorders can affect your teeth and gums

Given that the mouth is the start of our digestive tract, gastrointestinal disorders can contribute to problems in our teeth and gums. Here’s how 3 gastrointestinal disorders can have a negative effect on oral health.

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (Heartburn)

Commonly known as heartburn, gastroesophageal reflux disease causes people to experience a burning feeling in their chest or a bad taste in their mouth. Heartburn causes acids from the stomach to enter the oral cavity and these acids can erode tooth enamel. This is because acids from the stomach are more alkaline than dental enamel. Stomach acid has the potential to cause significant chemical erosion.

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To counteract heartburn, some people often use antacids and bismuth products which can lead to a harmless and temporary condition called the black hairy tongue. Black hairy tongue gives the tongue on a dark furry appearance. Good oral hygiene and stopping the consumption of antacids and bismuth can reverse this condition.

If you suffer from gastroesophageal reflux disease, let your dentist know. He or she may prescribe an oral rinse or recommend fluoride treatments in order to strengthen your teeth.

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Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)

IBD which includes Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis, is defined as “chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract.” IBD can manifest itself in the oral cavity, particularly in paediatric cases. Some oral signs and symptoms of IBD include mouth sores and infections or bleeding or swollen gums.

Prescriptions for IBD can also affect your dental health some common medication for Crohn’s disease can cause dry mouth, gingivitis and tongue inflammation.

If you have IBD, let your dentist know and also disclose what medications you are taking. It is important so your dentist can take your medical condition into account when administering dental care. This may include measures such as monitoring your blood pressure and glucose levels, plus extra considerations when invasive dental procedures are indicated.

Peptic Ulcers

It is sores that develop in the lining of the stomach, lower oesophagus, or small intestine. If you’re suffering from peptic ulcers, it’s important to note that some of the medications used to treat the condition have side effects that can adversely affect your dental health. You may experience dry mouth, black tongue or a change in taste during the course of treatment.

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In such cases, it’s important to inform your dentist about your prescriptions so that he or she can adjust your dental treatment as well as provide tailored advice on how to deal with those side effects. Be sure to also mention any over-the-counter medication that you take as certain drug interactions may worsen the side effects.

An infected tooth can result in the spread of infection to nearby parts of the body such as the jaw, neck, sinuses, and even the brain. Good oral and dental hygiene can help prevent bad breath, tooth decay and gum disease and can help you keep your teeth as you get older. An unhealthy mouth, especially if you have gum disease, may increase your risk of serious health problems such as heart attack, stroke, poorly controlled diabetes and preterm labor.

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How does it work?

Though your saliva helps protect you against some invaders, it can’t always do the job. More than 500 species of bacteria thrive in your mouth at any given time. These bacteria constantly form dental plaque a sticky, colourless film that can cling to your teeth and cause health problems.

Your mouth as infection source!!

If you don’t brush and floss regularly to keep your teeth clean, plaque can build up along your gum line, creating an environment for additional bacteria to accumulate in the space between your gums and your teeth. This gum infection is known as gingivitis. Left unchecked, gingivitis can lead to a more serious gum infection called periodontitis. The most severe form of gum infection is called acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis, also known as trench mouth.

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Bacteria from your mouth normally don’t enter your bloodstream. However, invasive dental treatments sometimes even just routine brushing and flossing if you have gum disease — can provide a port of entry for these microbes. Medications or treatments that reduce saliva flow and antibiotics that disrupt the normal balance of bacteria in your mouth can also compromise your mouth’s normal defences, allowing these bacteria to enter your bloodstream.

If you have a healthy immune system, the presence of oral bacteria in your bloodstream causes no problems. Your immune system quickly dispenses with them, preventing infection. However, if your immune system is weakened, for example because of a disease or cancer treatment, oral bacteria in your bloodstream (bacteraemia) may cause you to develop an infection in another part of your body. Infective endocarditis, in which oral bacteria enter your bloodstream and stick to the lining of diseased heart valves, is an example of this phenomenon.

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  • Poorly controlled diabetes. If you have diabetes, you’re already at increased risk of developing gum disease. But chronic gum disease may, in fact, make diabetes more difficult to control, as well. Infection may cause insulin resistance, which disrupts blood sugar control.
  • Cardiovascular disease. Oral inflammation due to bacteria (gingivitis) may also play a role in clogged arteries and blood clots. It appears that bacteria in the mouth may cause inflammation throughout the body, including the arteries. This inflammation may serve as a base for development of atherosclerotic plaques in the arteries, possibly increasing your risk of a heart attack or stroke. Some research suggests that people with gum infections are also at increased risk of heart attack and stroke. The more severe the infection, the greater the risk appears to be. And gum disease and tooth loss may contribute to plaques in the carotid artery. In one study, 46 percent of participants who’d lost up to nine teeth had carotid artery plaque; among those who’d lost 10 or more teeth, 60 percent of them had such plaque.
  • Preterm birth. Severe gum disease may increase the risk of preterm delivery and giving birth to a low birth weight baby.  The theory is that oral bacteria release toxins, which reach the placenta through the mother’s bloodstream and interfere with the growth and development of the fetus. At the same time, the oral infection causes the mother to produce labour-triggering substances too quickly, potentially triggering premature labour and birth.

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5 Tips to Keep Your Oral Flora and Good Mouth Bacteria in Balance

  1. Add more fibre to your diet, including prebiotic.
  2. Eat probiotic fermented foods.
  3. Brush and floss your teeth daily.
  4. If your gums bleed, book a dental appointment right away.
  5. Take an oral probiotic.

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Info from the Practice of Dr Emayne en Marais in Pretoria, South Africa.

Pierre van Niekerk ©

Why Is a Male Cat’s Penis Barbed

By Leslie Carver

Male cats who are neutered before 6 months old don’t develop barbs. Male cats who are neutered before 6 months old don’t develop barbs. Every physical characteristic your cat has contributes to survival. The barbs on a male cat’s penis are no exception. They help ensure that his genes are passed on through successful mating. He was not born with them, and if he was neutered very young he may never even develop them.
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Cats Aren’t Born with Them.


Male kittens are not born with barbed penises. Mar Vista Animal Medical Center, a veterinary clinic in California, says that cats reach puberty when they are about 6 months old. The barbs develop on the penis at this point because their purpose is to aid in reproduction.
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Stimulating Ovulation.

One purpose of the barbs on a cat’s penis is to aid in a female’s ovulation. Females do not ovulate before sexual intercourse. Instead, the barbs stimulate the female cat’s vulva during intercourse, which causes her body to then release an egg. This is painful for the female, but part of the process.
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Preventing the Female from Escaping.


The other purpose of the barbs on a cat’s penis is to keep the female cat from escaping before mating is complete. She may attempt to flee because cats are more likely to be loners than dogs and resent the intrusion to some point. Mating is also painful for female cats, both because of the barbs themselves and because the male cat begins by biting the back of the female’s neck.
Feline Anatomy.

Early Neutering Prevents Development.


According to Mar Vista Animal Medical Center, male cats who are neutered before they are 6 months old never develop barbs on the penis. Neutering is the removal of the testicles, which stops the cat’s reproductive development. When it is done before the cat reaches puberty, there is no reason for the penis to develop barbs.
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Pubiese Luise of “Crabs”

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Pubiese Luise of Crabs

Pubiese luise, ook bekend as “Crabs”is klein parasitiese bloedsuiende insekte wat oorleef op ‘n bloedmaal van die mens. Hul het hoofsaaklik vier plekke van voorkoms;

  • Gesigshare soos ooghare, oogwimpers, in baarde en snorre.
  • Anale area met hare
  • Onder die arms, hare in die arm se kieliebakke
  • Rug
  • Pubiese areas

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Hul tweede plek van voorkeur is in pubiese hare. Met ander woorde, hare wat om geslagsdele gevind word. Hul plek van voorkoms en voorkeur het hul ook hul naam gegee. In en om geslagsdele veroorsaak hul natuurlik irritasie en erge jeuk.

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Pubiese luise verskil van bedluise en kopluise:

  • Bedluise: By bedluise is daar hoofsaaklik 2 spesies van die insek. Familie: Cimex lectularius (die gewone bedluis) en Cimex hemipterus. Hul wissel van 1 mm tot en met 7 mm.

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  • Kopluise: Kopluise, ook bekend as “Pediculosis capitis” is klein insekte wat parasiteer op die hoofde van mense en neem n bloedmaal op die kopvel. Net mense speel ‘n rol by hul verspreiding en honde en katte en ander troeteldiere glad nie. Higiëne speel nie ‘n rol by hul aanneming en of verspreiding nie en word hoofsaaklik deur een mens na ‘n ander versprei. Dra ook geen bakterieële of virale siektes oor nie.

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Pubiese luise is met die blote oog sigbaar. Hul is met die blote oog sigbaar, sowat 2 mm lank en het ‘n grys tot effe bruin kleur.

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Hoe versprei Pubiese Luise

  • Hul word hoofsaak met seksuele kontak na ander oorgedra, maar kan natuurlik met drukkies en soene ook oorgedra word.
  • Onversorgde beddegoed en gebruikte handdoeke wat gedeel word.
  • Dit is veral op bogenoemde metode dat pubiese luise na kinders oorgedra word. Word dan ook op hul ooghare en oogbanke gevind.

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“STI of Sexual Transmitted Infection” word gewoonlik geassiosieer met virale of bakteriese siektes, maar pubiese luise word ook geklassifiseer as “Seksueel Oordraagbare Infeksie”.

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Statistieke

Statistieke in SA oor die besmetting van pubiese luise is nie regtig beskikbaar nie en, dit blyk dat die bekendmaking van sodanige infeksie as ‘n skending van ‘n persoon se menseregte beskou kan word. In die VSA word gereken dat daar sowat 3 miljoen mense jaarliks infekteer word.

Die oorgrote besmetting is te wyte aan seksuele oordrag.

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Kort algemene kennis feite

  • Word hoofsaaklik deur seksuele kontak oorgedra
  • Moenie ander mense se kamme en borsels gebruik nie
  • Om pubiese luise te hê beteken nie swak higiëne nie
  • Dit veroorsaak ‘n jeuk en gekrappery, asook swelsel en rooi geinfekteerde areas waar pubiese hare voorkom.
  • Vroue moet voorsorg tref om nie pubiese luise tydens swangerskap op te doen nie
  • Was altyd beddegoed en handdoeke met warm water
  • Wees versigtig vir swak hotelle en gastehuise
  • Vermy kontak met ander mense indien pubiese luise opgemerk word.
  • Vele luise is gehard asook weerstanding en reageer nie baie goed met behandeling nie.
  • Vele produkte is giftig en het hewige reaksies rondom die pubiese areas.
  • Moenie produkte wat skade en velvergiftiging kan veroorsaak oorweeg nie.
  • Apteker kan “OTC” of “Over the Counter” produkte aanbeveel.

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Wanneer OTC produkte aanbeveel word, lees eers die voubiljet, want vele produkte is giftig en is toksies vir die brein. Vroue wat swanger is, minder as 50 kg weeg, wat epilepsie of suiker lyers is moet liewers nie die produk oorweeg nie.

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Nete (nits) in ooghare

As pubiese luise in die ooghare gevind word, behandel die hele lyf. Moenie die nete probeer aftrek nie, van vel en oogskade kan opgedoen word. Dit kan ook met ‘n doelgerigte kam uitgekam word. Medisinale aanwendings moet liewers nie vir die oog oorweeg word nie. Gifstowwe word baie vinnig deur die oog opgeneem.

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‘n Veilige oorweging is ons eie reeks Propyrepet sjampoo, wat aangewend kan word, vir sowat 20 minute gelos word en dan afgewas word. Dit behoort die luise heeltemal dood te maak met die eerste aanwending.

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Nete of eiers sal nie noodwendig verwyder word nie en word behandeling na n paar dae weer aanbeveel. Ons eie reeks shampoo is weglaatbaar toksies vir warmbloedige diere, soos mense.

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Simptome

  • Teenwoordigheid van die luis is nie onmiddelik na seksuele kontak nie.
  • Kan van 5 dae tot 3 weke wees voordat mens agterkom daar is nou n fout in die pubiese area, waarvan jeuk en krap die simptome is.
  • Knoppies en rooi verhewe merke sal dan kenmerkend wees. Let op dat die krap om die jeuk te antwoord ook merke kan veroorsaak.
  • Aktiwiteit van die luis is hoofsaaklik snags.
  • Let op dat bakteriese of virale siektes nie deur die luis oorgedra word nie.
  • Die jeuk is ‘n immuunrespons van die die persoon se immuunstelsel.
  • Die menslike immuunstelsel reageer teenoor die proteiene in die luis se speeksel asook die luis se bloedmis wat op die vel gestort word.
  • Blou merke is ook kenmerkend in die pubiese areas waar luise ‘n bloedmaal geneem het.

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  • Belangrik. Reaksie is nie net beperk tot die pubiese area nie. Merke en swelsels kan ook op die maag, rug, boude, gesig en bors uitslaan en dan word muskiete, vlooie, bedmyte en enige ander insek verdink.
  • By kinders sal die reaksie hoofsaaklik om die oogbanke wees, maar die hele lyf kan dan ook weens die allergiese reaksie reageer.
  • Luismis of feces kan ook in onderklere raakgesien word as klein swart “droppings” of dan swart poeier as ‘n beskrywing.
  • Bloedmerke, hoofsaaklik weens die krappery van vingers wat daar plaasvind.

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Kenmerke van die Luis

  • Die luis kan met die blote oog waargeneem word in die pubiese area. Is sowat 2 mm + lank, 6-pootig, grysbruin en dit is hoofsaaklik sy agterpote wat aan die pubiese hare vasklou.
  • Eiers is klein, ovaal, effe geel in kleur en verkies om by die wortelarea van die haar van die pubiese haar vas te klou.
  • Hul kan nie vlieg of loop, swem of spring nie.
  • Hul kruip van een persoon na ‘n ander/
  • Publieke toilete kan nie met pubiese luise besmet word nie omdat hul nie aan gladde oppervlaktes kan klou nie.
  • Seksuele kontak met kondome voorkom nie pubiese luisbesmetting nie.

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Lewenssiklus

  • Lewe tussen 1 tot 3 maande
  • Lê tot en met 300 eiers tydens lewensiklus
  • Eiers broei uit tussen 6 tot 10 dae
  • Bereik volwassenheid na 3 weke
  • Waarna seksuele volwassenheid bereik word.
  • Kan tot en 24 uur weg van die menslike liggaam oorleef
  • Luise sal nie die menslike liggaam verlaat nie, want hul leef van menslike bloed.
  • Hul sal wel weens fisiese kontak van een mens na ‘n ander toe kruip
  • Naas die mens, is net die gorilla sovêr bekend vatbaar vir pubiese luise.

Komplikasies

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Sonder behandeling kan die menslike vel skilfer en vele velkondisies ontstaan weens die menselike en genetiese immuunrespons.

Daar is vier (4) ander mediese kondisies wat aan pubiese luise toegeskrywe kan word by die oog;

Opsommend

  • Respekteer jou seksmaats indien jy besmet is
  • Moenie kamme borsels en handdoek uitgee indien jy besmet is nie
  • Moenie dat mens in besmette plekke slaap nie
  • Moenie kinders soengroet of druk as jy besmet is nie
  • Moenie dit versprei nie.
  • Onskuldige mense se huwelike en verhodungs kan opbreek weens die luis en mense wat disrespekvol is weens die oordraging en besmetting daarvan.

 

Pierre van Niekerk 2019©

Leaky gut (LGS)

“Leaky gut syndrome is a condition that affects your digestive system. In leaky gut syndrome, these tight junctions loosen, potentially allowing harmful substances like bacteria, toxins and undigested food particles to enter your bloodstream…”

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Leaky Gut: Can This Overlooked Sickness Be Wrecking Your Health?

by Ronald Grisanti D.C., D.A.B.C.O., D.A.C.B.N., M.S.

Leaky Gut Syndrome (LGS) is a major cause of disease and dysfunction in modern society, accounts for at least 50% of chronic complaints, as confirmed by laboratory tests.

Leaky-Gut-Syndrome

In LGS, the epithelium on the villi of the small intestine becomes inflamed and irritated, which allows metabolic and microbial toxins of the small intestines to flood into the blood stream. This event compromises the liver, the lymphatic system, and the immune response including the endocrine system.

Some of the most incurable diseases are caused by this exact mechanism, where the body. Gut Syndrome is often the real basis for chronic fatigue syndrome and pediatric immune deficiencies.

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Leaky attacks its own tissues.

This is commonly called auto-immune disease.

It is often the primary cause of the following common conditions: asthma, food allergies, chronic sinusitis, eczema, urticaria, migraine, irritable bowel, fungal disorders, fibromyalgia, and inflammatory joint disorders including rheumatoid arthritis are just a few of the diseases that can originate with leaky gut. It also contributes to PMS, uterine fibroid, and breast fibroid.

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Leaky Gut Syndrome is reaching epidemic proportions within the population. Historically, the only way bowel toxins entered the blood stream was through trauma, for example by sword or spear.

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This quickly led to septicemia that might be treatable, or more probably, ended in death. Outside of trauma, the body maintained a wonderfully effective selective barrier in the small intestine, one that allowed nutrients to enter, but kept out metabolic wastes and microbial toxins rampant in the intestines.

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What Modern Event Allowed Such A Break-Down?

Primarily it has been antibiotics, secondarily non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs, Motrin, Aleve and Advil) with NSAIDs being the major cause of leaky gut because they so viciously inflame the intestinal lining, causing a widening of the spaces between cells and sometimes hemorrhaging.

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Other common causes are chemotherapy, ingested alcohol, inhaled formaldehyde from a new carpet, food allergens, stress emotions, lactase deficiency, gluten/gliaden allergy, abnormal gut flora (bacteria, parasites, yeasts).

The first antibiotic, penicillin, did not enter mainstream health care until 1939. Since the 50’s and 60’s, antibiotic use has been frantically prescribed for every infection and inflammation, particularly pediatric ear infection, bronchitis, and sore throat.

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It is sadly ironic that most of these infections are viral in nature, and not only are the antibiotics damaging, but they are ultimately unnecessary. Antibiotics should be considered a hospitalization level medicine, when bacteria have entered the blood, bone, or organ.

Antibiotics Destroy Beneficial Bacteria

Antibiotics create their damage in two ways. The first is by destroying beneficial bacteria. The small intestine and large intestine host over five hundred different kinds of beneficial bacteria. These bacteria perform hundreds of functions required for healthy metabolism and immune response.

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Through enzyme secretions, bacteria transform metabolic and microbial wastes before they are discharged by the body. These wastes include cellular debris, hormones, chemical wastes, bile, pus accumulations, viral toxins, bacterial toxins, etc.

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For example, the body creates bile not only as a lubricant to flush wastes out of the liver, but also, to detoxify many of the poisons accumulating in the liver. Bile however is extremely damaging to large intestine epithelium.

When bile enters the small intestine via the common bile duct, beneficial bacteria break the bile salts down into a less toxic compound, making it non-dangerous by the time it reaches the large intestine.

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When you take antibiotics you destroy these bacteria and the bile salts freely enter and damage the large intestine. I believe this contributes significantly to the high incidence of colon cancer plaguing today’s society.

Beneficial bacteria also break down hormone secretions that are discharged from the liver to the small intestine. If you lack the bacteria to break down estrogen and the intestinal permeability has been altered, the patient is now reabsorbing estrogens in their original state.

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The body will deposit these in estrogen sensitive areas such as the breast, uterus, or ovaries, contributing, if not causing, fibroids and tumors. The same scenario is responsible for premenstrual syndrome as well.

Healthy mucosa allows nutrients to pass the barrier while blocking the entry of toxins.

With leaky gut, the barrier is dysfunctional, blocking nutrients at the damaged villi while permitting toxins to enter the blood stream.

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Antibiotics Promote the Growth of Fungus

The second way antibiotics damage the intestines is by fostering the growth of Candida albicans and other pathogenic fungi and yeast. This event, more than any other, precipitates Leaky Gut Syndrome.

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In a healthy situation the small intestine epithelium maintains tight cell junctions, which contributes to the physical barrier involved in intestinal absorption. In addition to the physical barrier, there is an important chemical barrier within the mucus that contains immune agents, which neutralize any toxin that comes in contact.

Candida exudes an aldehyde secretion, which causes small intestine epithelial cells to shrink. This allows intestinal toxins to infiltrate through the epithelium and into the blood. The secondary barrier – immune agents in the epithelial mucus – remain the sole agent for neutralization.

Eventually, the immune system becomes exhausted rising to this challenge.

The damage done by Candida is to the intestinal epithelial barrier, allowing the absorption of serious toxic agents and chemicals, which then enter the blood and affect numerous organs, including the brain.

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Food Allergies: The Complicating Factor

When the integrity of the intestinal barrier has been compromised, intestinal toxins are not the only pathogens to be absorbed. The barrier, in a healthy state, selectively allows digested nutrients to enter the small intestine when all is ready.

With leaky gut, nutrients can be absorbed before they are fully digested. The body’s immune response, through specific antigen-antibody markers, will tag some of these foods as foreign irritants.

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Every time that particular food touches the epithelia, an inflammatory immune response is mounted which further damages the epithelial lining. What started as a Candida irritation with shrinking of the cells has now been complicated with active inflammation every time a particular food is eaten.

Food allergies are a common secondary problem to Candida, and if present, will maintain the leaky gut continuously, even if the Candida is eradicated.

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The most common food allergies are dairy, eggs, gluten grains (wheat, oats, rye), corn, beans (especially soy), and nuts. There are seldom real allergies to meat, rice, millet, vegetables, or fruit, although an allergy to garlic is not uncommon.

We have to distinguish a real allergy – that which causes a histamine inflammatory reaction at the site of the small intestine (SI) epithelia – from sensitivity, which may cause uncomfortable symptoms, but seldom is damaging.

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Sensitivities are usually due to low stomach acid or pancreatic enzyme secretion, that is, poor digestion.

In the healing of the intestinal lining, exposure to a significant allergy can sabotage the treatment. For example, one may be very good at restricting wheat, dairy and eggs, but then compromises the treatment by taking garlic tablets.

The Role of the Liver and Lymphatic System

The metabolic and microbial toxins that enter the bloodstream during leaky gut end up in the liver, which has the job of detoxifying and discharging the poisons. Under normal conditions, the liver is taxed just by processing the daily metabolic wastes created by cell and organ activity.

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Imagine the further load created by dumping serious intestinal toxins on a regular basis. There is a point when the liver becomes saturated; it cannot further detoxify the poisons, and they are returned to the blood circulation.

The blood has sophisticated mechanisms for preserving chemical homeostasis, and will diffuse as much of the toxic chemicals and physical debris into the interstitial fluids as is possible. From here the lymphatic system will attempt to collect and neutralize the toxins, but unable to send the toxins to the liver, the body essentially becomes toxic.

Microbes grow and develop, hence there can be chronic lymphatic swelling, especially in children. Over a period of time, toxins will be forced into distal connective tissue around muscles and joints, causing fibromyalgia, or into the cells, which can precipitate genetic mutation and ultimately cancer.

Stress to the Immune and Endocrine Systems

The immune system is stressed in three major ways. First is at the site of the intestinal mucosa. As toxins and food antigens brush up against the mucosa, the immune system mobilizes to neutralize the toxins. Normally, much of this work would have been done by beneficial bacteria, which have been destroyed by antibiotics.

For toxins that make it to the mucosa, the body will tag them with a chemical secretory IgA (SIgA), which attracts macrophages and other white blood cells to consume the toxins. It is not long before this immune response is overwhelmed and depleted.

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This can be measured directly with a stool or saliva test for the intestinal SIgA level.

The second stressor happens in the liver and lymphatic system, which, also overwhelmed, puts demands on the immune system. The third stressor is a consequence: as the immune response diminishes, more microbes (viruses, bacteria, and fungi) multiply, allowing for a chronic state of infection.

The most important organ in the production of immune agents seems to be the adrenal gland, and Leaky Gut Syndrome slowly diminishes adrenal function. In the early and middle stages, there is actually an adrenal excess, as measured by excess cortisol output. Eventually, cortisol levels drop, and one now has exhaustion.

The Role of the Digestive Tract

Candida flourishes when the terrain in the intestines favors it. Just killing Candida is usually not successful, because the chemistry and vitality of the terrain has not been normalized, and Candida returns.

Antibiotics are the original cause of the change on the terrain. By killing acid forming bacteria (Lactobacillus bacteria produce lactic acid, for example), the environment becomes alkaline, which promotes Candida.

Antibiotics and chronic illness reduce stomach acid production, contributing to the alkalinity, and also allowing poor digestive absorption. In fact, many people with LGS are malnourished and will lose excessive weight, no matter how healthy the food is that they eat.

The idea that lactobacillus supplementation is all that is required after antibiotics is somewhat delusional; in fact most of the lactobacillus from supplementation does not survive in the intestine, due to poor terrain. Just to make sure you have a full understanding of the seriousness of Leaky Gut, the following is a summary:

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  • When the gut is inflamed it does not secrete digestive enzymes to digest foods properly or absorb nutrients and foods properly. The result can indigestion with gas and bloating, called irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).
  • When large food particles are absorbed, food allergies and new symptoms are created (e.g., IBS, gallbladder disease, arthritis or fibromyalgia).
  • When the gut is inflamed, carrier proteins are damaged, so malabsorption and nutrient deficiencies occur.These deficiencies slow down the ability of the gut to heal and can cause any number of other symptoms (e.g., magnesium deficiency induced angina or gut spasms, chromium deficiency induced high cholesterol or sugar cravings, zinc deficiency induced prostatitis or lack acid formation)
  • When the detoxification pathways that line the gut are compromised, chemical sensitivity can arise. Furthermore, the leakage of toxins overburderns the liver so that the body is less to handle everyday chemicals in foods, water and air.
  •  Now many foods can cause symptoms that never did before, because the gut’s detoxification (liver) system is unable to cope with the hundreds of chemical additives, dyes, colorings, preservatives and pesticides common in our foods.
  • When the gut lining is inflamed, the protective coating of the gut antibodies can be lost. With loss of the secretory immunoglobulin A (SigA), the body becomes more vulnerable to infections in the intestines from bacteria, viruses, parasites and yeast and they become resistant to treatment.
  • Ironically, the more resistant the bugs become, the more-high powered antibiotics doctor prescribe, resulting in more overgrowth of resistant fungi (Candida). As the unwanted bugs grow, the gut gets more inflamed and leaky initiating a vicious cycle of worsening condition and major cause of so many incurable diseases.
  • When the intestinal lining is inflamed, bacteria and yeast can translocate. In other words, they can pass from the gut cavity into the blood stream and set up infection anywhere else in the body, including the brain. This is often the mysterious and undiagnosed cause of infections in the teeth and gums, bones, prostate, bladder and sinuses.
  • With the formation of antibodies, the food antigens that leak across the gut wall can sometimes resemble the natural antigens on tissues. Protective antibodies will then attack the antigens, as they should and the tissues, causing further damage.

It is the very reason why auto-immune diseases begin. Lupus, multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, myocarditis, iritis and thyroiditis are some of the members of this ever-growing category of mysteriously incurable auto-immune diseases.

Ron Grisanti, D.C., D.A.B.C.O., M.S.  is a board certified chiropractic orthopedist with a master’s degree in nutritional science from the University of Bridgeport.  He is past chairman of the South Carolina Chiropractic Peer Review and serves on the South Carolina Chiropractic Investigative Committee.  His 27 years of clinical practice has positioned him as an authority in the management of a variety of chronic health conditions such as fibromyalgia, arthritis, digestive disorders, anxiety and other common ailments. He has authored two books on the functional medical management of arthritis and obesity, and has authored well over 1,000 articles including the following, some of which have been published in leading chiropractic journals.

 

MASTITIS: MELKKLIERE van TROETELDIERE

Vele vrae onstaan rakende troeteldiere wat mastitus ontwikkel. By plaasdiere is dit ‘n algemene voorkoms, veral daar waar vlieë nie onder beheer gebring word by varke en melkbeeste nie.

Vroue veral is bekend met ontsteking in die melkkliere van die bors. Die waarheid is, mans kan ook mastitus ontwikkel. So ook babas.

2- Mastitis of infants:

Dit is normaal om slegs een druppel melk uit ‘n tepel te kry.  Dit mag nodig wees om tepels vir ‘n minuut of wat saggies te stimuleer sodat die melk kan sak (sakrefleks kan intree).  Indien daar nie genoeg melk vir die klein hondjies is nie, sal hulle aanhoudend huil en nie so vinnig groei nie.

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Indien mastitis teenwoordig is, sal die uier geswel, rooi en pynlik wees en die teef sal depressief wees.  Sy sal waarskynlik ook ophou eet.  Die klein hondjies sal verhonger en waarskynlik aanhoudend kerm.

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Mastitis kan in slegs een of in verskeie melkkliere voorkom.  Indien daar vermoed word dat mastitis teenwoordig is, moet die teef onmiddellik by ‘n veearts uitkom indien enigsins moontlik.  Mastitis kan tot septiese skok en vrekte lei indien dit nie behandel word nie.  Faktore wat tot mastitis kan aanleiding gee is vlieë, trauma, swak higiëniese omgewing en ook besmette sanitêre toestande.

Mastitis en melkkoors – rooi en harde tepels is waarskynlik die bekendste aanduiding dat ‘n dier melkkoors of mastitis het.

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Vrektes van klein hondjies 

  1. Eerste week: Vrektes van klein hondjies tot en met speenouderdom wissel tussen 10% tot 30% en meer as 65%. Van die vrektes kom gewoonlik by geboorte voor asook in die eerste week na geboorte.

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  1. Tweede en derde week: In hierdie tydperk kan hulle nog nie hul liggaamstemperatuur beheer nie. Dit is dus vir die eienaar baie om hul omgewings se temperatuur te beheer.

Tekens van ‘n gesonde klein hondjie

  • Raak aan die slaap as hul klaar gedrink het
  • Huil nie vir langer as 10 minute op ‘n slag nie
  • Gaap wanneer hulle wakker word
  • Het ‘n vol magie wat nie opgeblaas is nie
  • Het ‘n sterk suigaksie
  • Het goeie spiertonus, waarin Mangaan (Mn) vanuit die melk van die ma belangrik is.

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Bloedkalsium: Mastitis by lakterende tewe

By kleiner rasse kom melkkoors algemeen voor nadat hul ‘n werpsel gehad het.  Melkkoors kan binne ure noodlottig wees en moet dus altyd as ‘n noodgeval beskou word.  Melkkoors kom voor wanneer die bloedkalsium skielik daal in lakterende tefies.  Kleiner rasse is veral sensitief.  Kan baie vinnig tot die hond se dood lei weens die effek wat bloedkalsiumtekorte het op die hartspier.  In die meeste gevalle is daar wel tyd om by die veearts uit te kom.

Kliniese tekens

  • Die eerste tekens wat gesien word is spiere wat tril en die teef wat lyk of sy koud kry en bewe.
  • In werklikheid is die hond besig om stuipe te kry weens die kalsiumtekort.
  • Die asem begin jaag en dit blyk dat sy baie warm kry.
  • As geen behandeling toegepas word nie, begin sy stuipe kry. Liggaamspiere trek krampagtig saam en die teef haal met ‘n oop bek vinnig en vlak asem.
  • Die bene word styf en ruk en ‘n hoë koors ontwikkel as gevolg van die spiersaamtrekkings. By hierdie punt is ‘n bekwame veearts baie nodig.

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Veearts se optrede

Binne-aarse toediening kalsium.  Ongelukkig kan selfs die binneaarse toediening van kalsium noodlottig wees en soms verkies die veearts om die middel binnespiers te spuit.  Soms is dit nodig om die tefie meer as een keer op agtereenvolgende dae in te spuit.  Dit is raadsaam om dan die kleintjies self te voer en die teef te laat opdroog.

NOODBEHANDELING

Tekens

  • Warm, harde, rooi spene
  • Vinnige asemhaling
  • Dier kry baie warm, maar wil haarself toemaak
  • Braking

Noodbehandeling moet so spoedig as moontlik toegepas word, spiere trek binne sekondes styf waar die koors vinnig styg en dan slegs deur ‘n veearts behandel kan word.

  • Sit ‘n waaier direk op die teef, met n nat handdoek bo-oor haar,
  • Spons met ‘n yskoue lap deur tussen die spene, op die maag , tussen bene en geslagsdele saggies te masseer.
  • Dien ook koue agter die nek en kop toe.
  • As die hond nie vinnig genoeg afkoel nie, tap n koue bad water in en spons die dier in die bad af met n spons.
  • Begin by maag gedeelte en beweeg op.
  • Moet nooit ‘n dier alleen laat binne bad of op ‘n bed nie, veral as haar spiere begin styf trek, kan sy val, versuip of dit kan tot nog beserings lei.
  • Gee vir haar onmiddellik ‘n teelepel Cani-Cal in, dit is in poeier vorm wat met maalvleis in ‘n balletjie gevorm kan word.

By stabilisering

  • As spene steeds geswel en of rooi en warm is, moet daar 2 maal per dag koue kompressie toegepas word op die tieties.
  • Gebruik Cani – Cal in – vir n week. Niks langer nie.  Dit is n kalsium aanvulling wat melkproduksie stimuleer.
  • Babahondjies moet met die hand groot gemaak word op die P@D Faceboekblad se resep.
  • Die melk moet so spoedig as moontlik opgedroog word by die teef. Hoe langer die babas aan die ma drink, hoe langer gaan sy melk vervaardig wat weer melkkoors tot gevolg het.

Hoe om melk op te klaar 

Verwyder kos vir haar – gee die minimum kos sodat die ligaam nie langer melk produseer nie maar voorsien vloeistowwe.

Pierre van Niekerk © 2017

Blommetjie Mieks 1

Die huidige Blommetjie Mieks, asook die verbeterde een wat hopelik vroeg in 2019 vrygestel gaan word, is ‘n 100% natuurlike blomolie mengsel van natuurlike chrysantium plante (wat in die volksmond as asters en soms asNamakwalandse daisies beskrywe word.

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Die plantgroepe in die crysantium familie word eers gedroog en vandaar word die olie uit die blom onttrek. Die plante wat hiervoor gekies word, is die Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium en Chrysanthemum coccineum. Die toksisiteit van die plante se olie verhoog namate die plante hoër geplant word op hoogte van seespieël.

Die aktief in die olie staan bekend as “Pyrethrum.” Die olie word dan in verskeie middels verwerk om hoogs suksesvolle natuurlike vlieg en insekbeheer te bewerkstellig.

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Vrystelling in sommige lande

Natuurlike pyrehrum het ‘n baie lae toksisiteit. Word in lande soos Australië en Swede vrygestel van die term wat dit as giftig vir mens en dier beskrywe.

Pyrethrum word wêreldwyd ook verkies as Produk Nr 1 by botaniste en omgewingsbewaarders. By mense wat organiese groente groei vir persoonlike gebruik en, natuurlike beheermiddels met lae tot geen skadelike residu wil gebruik.

Ook omdat natuurlike pyrethrum ‘n baie lae toksisteit by warmbloedige soos hul troeteldiere en wilde voëls.

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Lang nawerking

Pyrethrum het NIE ‘n lang doodmaak nawerking nie. Dit word omdat dit ‘n natuurlike plantolie produk is, natuurlik deur die son se ultravioletstrale afgebreek na ‘n organiese nul toe.  Laat geen skade in die grond of op die dier na nie. Het by afbreking ook geen residu-waardes nie.

Alhoewel meeste mense produkte wil hê met lang nawerking, is natuurlike pyrethrum se kortwerkende voordeel hierin dat insekte en teikenspesies peste nie weerstandigheid daarteen kan opbou nie. Hul vrek elke keer as hul daaraan blootgestel word.

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Ses Esters

Natuurlike Pyrethrum bevat ook ses esters. In kort beteken dit dat dit insekte wat hieraan blootgestel word, op ses verskillende maniere doodgemaak word. En, voor die oningeligte persoon hom weer morsdood skrik oor ‘n ester, laat my toe om dit in Engels te plaas sodat hul dit onafhanklik kan gaan opsoek. Daar is letterik derduisende esters.

An ester : “The odors of flowers and the odors and flavors of fresh fruits are a result of a complex mixture of many chemical compounds, but one of the major constituents is a type of compound called an ester. An ester is a compound formed from the reaction between a carboxylic acid and an alcohol with the loss of the water molecule.”

Esters word in warmbloedige diere soos mense, varke, honde, katte en voëls se spysverteringstelsels baie vinnig gehidroliseer na ‘n niksseggende afvalproduk. Met geen skade of nagevolge van ‘n soort nie. Word gewoon deur die liggaam skadeloos uitgeskei.

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Opsommend

Pyrethrum het ‘n baie lang geskiedenis van veiligheid by mens en dier. Die ander groepe van pestisiedes het nie. Dit is nie die plek en of taak om groepe met mekaar te vergeyk om die waarde van pyretrum bokant ander produkte plaas nie. Die ingeligte en persoon wat omgee en lees sal dit self doen en oplees en opsoek en daaop die ingeligte besluit neem.

Short Residual Activity: Pyrethrum is quickly broken down by sunlight therefore a limited time span of low mammalian toxicity usually associated with certain other classes of persistent insecticides.

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Sensitiewe plekke soos skole, kleuterskole, hospitale, ouetehuise kan pyrethrum produkte met groot veilgheid gebruik omdat dit geen swaar reuke het nie, nie aan inwonders skade doen nie en nie allergiese reaksies veroorsaak by sensitiewe kinders, kankerpasiente easook oumense nie.

Blommetjie mieks

  • Is 100% natuurlik en natuurlike plantolies wat as aktief aangebeid word.
  • Dit het n baie vinnige reaksie. Die aktief van die blomolie ontwrig die insek se senustelsel wat op hul beurt na n string reaksies waarby die senuwees betrokke is, die dier ontwring en sy dood veroorsaak.
  • Die senustelsel is betrokke by bloedvloei, spysvertering, asemhaling, hartklop, spysvertering van die insek.
  • Pyrethrum het nie die onmiddelike doodskop en doodmaak reaksie soos by gif wat in blikke verkoop word nie. Vlieg moet daarop sit om van die gif deur die suiers op sy pote op te neem en dan oombikke later disgoriënteerd raak en natuurlik elders vrek.
  • Pyrethrum lok veral muskiete vanuit hul wegkruipplekke en het n hormoon-ontwrigtingseffek by wyfie muskiete. Dit blyk dat hul so deurmekaar raak dat hul onnatuurlik optree en nie bloedmaal soek nie.
  • Insekte vrek natuurlik baie gou met blootstelling aan pyrethrum.
  • Dit blyk dat die onnatuurlike gedrag by muskiete is weens verlamming wat intree by die monddele wat tot verhondering en vrekte lei.
  • Natuurlike pyrethrum het ook ‘n walgingseffek vir insekte.
  • Alhoewel dit vir die menslike sintuie aangenaam ruik weens die ester effek wat binne die Blommetjie mieks mengsel ingebied is.

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Natuurlike pyrethrum kan natuurlik baie spesifiek aangewend word.

  • Op plante
  • Word wêreldwyd op mense en diere gebruik
  • Op oppervlaktes wat nie direkte sonlig ontvang nie
  • By die voorbereiding van teetafels waar koek en soetgoed aanloklik is
  • Op kombuise se werksoppervlaktes waar vlieë peste is
  • By slaghuise waar daar met vleis gewerk word
  • By melkerye se verkoopspunte
  • Op kalwers in kalwerhokke

Dit word juis gebruik omdat dit in die Blommetjiemieks formaat by geen of weglaatbare giftige blootstelling aan mens en dier se onmiddelike omgewing kan meebring en omdat dit bewysbaar ‘n weglaatbare toksisiteit het vir soogdiere.

Anders dan sintetiese piretroide, wat ‘n produk is wat vanuit natuurlike pyrethrum ontwikkel is, is weerstandigheid van Blommetjie Mieks by teikeninsekte pyrethrum nie ‘n probleem of moontlikheid nie weens sy kort nawerking.

 

Akademiese Agtergrond Studie oor Blommetjie Mieks I en II SE samestelling.

1. Introduction

Pyrethrum refers to the Pyrethrum daisy (Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium) from which the insecticidal compound is extracted. Also nicknamed Dalmatian chrysanthemum, this perennial daisy is loaded with chemicals called pyrethrins that are toxic to insects.

Pyrethrum was a genus of several Old World plants now classified as Chrysanthemum or Tanacetum which are cultivated as ornamentals for their showy flower heads. Pyrethrum continues to be used as a common name for plants formerly included in the genus Pyrethrum

The powdered flower heads of T. coccineum and C. cinerariifolium are chief sources of the insecticide. The active substances in pyrethrums are contact poisons for insects and cold-blooded vertebrates. The concentrations of pyrethrum powder used in insecticides are nontoxic to plants, birds, and mammals; therefore, these insecticides find wide use in household and livestock sprays as well as in dusts for edible plants.

Naturally derived pyrethrin insecticides are an important means of chemical control in organic farming. Synthetic pyrethrin compounds, known as pyrethroids, have been developed. Both synthetic and non-synthetic pyrethrins can accumulate in water and wetland sediments and are toxic to fish and aquatic invertebrates. – The Editors of Encyclopedia Britannica

Ocular side effects: Local ophthalmic use or exposure

  • Keratitis
  • Irritative conjunctivitis
  • Allergic conjunctivitis
  • Corneal abrasions.

Clinical significance: From the WHO and the National Registry, there are 54 reports of keratitis and 19 reports of irritative conjunctivitis from topical use of pyrethrum, which presumably got into the eye of the patients inadvertently. From the available data, all adverse reactions were immediate and resolved after 1–2 days after discontinuation of the product.

Clinical Ocular Toxicology | ScienceDirect
2. Pyrethrins: Pyrethrin I, II, cinerin I, II, jasmolin I, II.

  • Pyrethrum extract is obtained from the flower heads of Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium and consists of a mixture of esters.
  • The esters are unstable in the presence of ultraviolet light and are rapidly metabolized and inactivated by both insects and mammals.
  • The inclusion of mixed-function oxidase inhibitors (such as PBO) in pyrethrin formulations enhances their longevity and insecticidal efficacy.

Mammalian sensitivity to pyrethrum exposure

  • Selective toxicity of the pyrethroids has traditionally been attributed to differences in metabolism between arthropods and mammals
  • Experimental evidence suggests that mammalian nerves have reduced sensitivity of around 250-fold (lower intrinsic sensitivity (10×) and lower sensitivity at mammalian body temperature (5×) combined with faster recovery time (5×)) which must be multiplied by a more rapid detoxification (9×)

The reduced sensitivity is related to enzyme activity and body size differences, which bring a total differential reduced sensitivity of approximately 2000 times.

Stephen W Page, in Small Animal Clinical Pharmacology (Second Edition), 2008, https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/book/9781416046738

3. Mechanism of action

  • Pyrethrins have rapid knockdown activity against susceptible flying insects and fleas and a separate delayed lethal effect.
  • Knockdown effects are almost immediate and thought to be due to excessive sensory hyperactivity of the peripheral nervous system.
  • Resistance to this action is due to selection of a target site with altered amino acid sequence and insensitive to pyrethrin binding.
  • The pyrethroids slow the kinetics of both opening and closing of individual sodium channels, resulting in delayed and prolonged ion channel opening.
  • This causes prolongation of the whole-cell sodium current during a depolarizing pulse and marked slowing of the tail sodium current upon repolarization.
  • Pyrethroids also cause a shift of the activation voltage in the direction of hyperpolarization.
  • These changes in sodium channel kinetics lead to membrane depolarization and an increase in depolarizing after-potential.
  • The latter reaches the threshold for excitation, causing repetitive after-discharges.
  • The membrane depolarization of sensory neurons increases discharge frequency and that of nerve terminals increases the release of transmitter and the frequency of spontaneous miniature postsynaptic potentials.

    4. Neurotoxicity of Pyrethrins and Pyrethroid Insecticide

Pyrethrum is the product prepared from ground flowers of Chrysanthemum species by extraction with organic solvents. It consists of six related esters derived from two acids and three alcohols.

  • The proportion of each varies depending upon the strain of flower, conditions of culture, and method of extraction and concentration (O’Brien 1967; Ray 1991).
  • Pyrethrins decompose rapidly in light to inactive compounds. They are liquids at room temperature, are insoluble in water but are soluble in many organic solvents. They undergo rapid hydrolysis in water, particularly in the presence of acid or alkali.
  • They are primarily contact poisons and penetrate chitin rapidly. They have almost no activity when given orally because they are so readily hydrolyzed to inactive products.
  • Pyrethroids are synthetic compounds that resemble pyrethrins in insecticidal activity but are chemically much more stable. Their chemistry is complex and has been reviewed by Ray (1991).

5. Pyrethrum background

Also known as Dalmatian (or, inaccurately, Persian) insect powder, represents the dried flowers of the daisy-like herbaceous perennial Tanacetum (Chrysanthemum) cinerariaefolium (Compositae) growing naturally along the east coast of the Adriatic Sea.

It is the source of the economically most important botanical insecticides (Casida and Quistad, 1995a). The insecticidal properties of the flowers were discovered in Dalmatia, where the first commercial production of the plant began in 1840. The crop was later introduced in Japan, Kenya, Tanzania, China, Ecuador, New Guinea, Australia, Tasmania, and the United States. Since the early 1940s, the major producer of pyrethrum and pyrethrum extract has been Kenya providing about two-thirds of the world’s production.
The insecticidal ingredients are called pyrethrins; they accumulate in the achenes of the flower heads and amount to 1–2% of the dried flower. The harvesting of flowers is labor intensive, but efforts to produce pyrethrins in tissue cultures on a large scale have not been fruitful (Jovetić and de Gooijer, 1995).

6. Characteristics

The key structural features of pyrethrins were recognized by Staudinger and Ruzicka in 1924 and the structures of all six insecticidal esters were clarified in the subsequent decades (reviewed by Crombie, 1995; Elliott and Janes, 1973; Matsui and Yamamoto, 1971).

The exceptional biological properties and the lack of stability of the natural pyrethrins prompted many groups to find more stable synthetic analogs and these efforts eventually led to the development of numerous pyrethroid insecticides having a broad activity spectrum, excellent selectivity, and improved field stability (Elliott, 1996; Henrick, 1995).

Mammalian toxicity studies as well as the experience of use for over a century demonstrate that pyrethrins are among the safest insecticides.

István Ujváry, in Hayes’ Handbook of Pesticide Toxicology (Third Edition), 2010; Pest Control Agents from Natural Products – ScienceDirect

7. Pyrethrins and Pyrethroids

  • Pyrethrum is one of the oldest natural insecticides in use in the world today, and it has one of the best safety records of all insecticides.
  • It is a mixture of several esters, called pyrethrins, which are extracted from flowers belonging to the genus Chrysanthemum.
  • Natural pyrethrins are unstable to light and are therefore unsuitable for residual application, particularly in agriculture.
  • This led to the development of several classes of related synthetic compounds which have a higher stability to light and a high insecticidal activity. They are known as pyrethroids.
  • In general, pyrethroids can be toxicologicaly divided into two classes on the basis of signs of toxicity: those causing mainly tremor and prostration (T syndrome) and
    those causing choreoathetosis and salivation (CS syndrome).
  • For both groups, the main biological activity is mediated through the effect on sodium channels along the axon membrane of the nerves, in both insects and mammals.
  • The effect on the sodium-exchange disturbance is fully reversible, the duration of which is different for the two classes of pyrethroids: compounds belonging to the group causing the T syndrome produce a considerably shorter effect on the sodium ‘gate’ openings than those belonging to the CS group.
  • Being highly lipophilic, pyrethroids readily pass through cell membranes and are absorbed into the body by all routes following exposure.
  • However, the ratio of the toxic dose by the oral route to that of intravenous injection is very high; this is because of rapid detoxification, mainly by cleaving of the ester bond by esterases.
  • Present-day evidence indicates that doses of a pyrethroid likely to be encountered both in the workplace and through food consumption would not lead to any serious untoward effects, although reversible transient effects on the skin may be recorded and may be used as a warning response of inadvertent exposure.

R. Pleština, in Encyclopedia of Food Sciences and Nutrition (Second Edition), 2003 PESTICIDES AND HERBICIDES | Types of Pesticide – ScienceDirect

8. Toxicology and Human Environments: Pyrethrum

  • The insecticidal extract of the pyrethrum flower Pyrethrum (Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium) is known as pyrethrins.
  • Of the six insecticidal constituents of the extract of the pyrethrum flowers Pyrethrum (Chrysanthemum) cinerariae (folium), pyrethrins I and II are most prominent, existing in the ratio 71:21:7 for pyrethrin (I and II), cinerin (I and II), and jasmolin (I and II).
  • Pyrethrins are potent, non-systemic, contact insecticides, causing rapid paralysis or knockdown and death at a later stage in a variety of insects.
  • They exhibit low vertebrate toxicity with an acute oral LD50 in rats of 1.2 g/kg.
    The mechanism of action involves modification of nerve membrane Na+ channels. Opening and closing of the Na+ channel is slowed, resulting in increased Na+ permeability and depolarization leading to hyperexcitability.

    Ernest Hodgson, in Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science, 2012, Toxins and Venoms – ScienceDirect

Blousel as raad se gevare

BLOUSEL – DIE SISTEMIESE GEBRUIK

Blousel staan ook bekend as “blue vitriol” ( blou vieterjoel) en “blue stone”. Die aktiewe bestanddeel in blousel is koper sulfaat.

Daar is werklik ‘n wrede outydse geloof dat blousel, wat ook vir die bleik van klere gebruik word, skdaeloos is wanneer dit vir n dier ingegee word. Dit vernietig die totale biologiese maagbioom waar mens en dier se gesondheid begin en steriliseer juis die bakterie at gesondheid en lewe moet en by begin.

Hieronder die uiteensetting van die gevare van inwendige gebruik, per ongeluk of doelbewus.  Koper sulfaat word vandag nog gebruik in die volgende industrieë:

Onkruiddoders   Swamdoders   Insekdoders   Analitiese reagente   Organiese sintese   Chemiese opleiding   Kuns   Ets werk   Kleurstowwe

Kopersulfaat was in die mediese veld gebruik as braakmiddel.  Dit word nou gesien as te toksies vir gebruik hiervoor.  Dit is steeds gelys as ‘n teenmiddel by die “World Health Organization’s Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification System.”

Sien die verdere beskrywing van toksikologie hieronder en let asb daarop dat so min as 1 gram koper sulfaat reeds erge newe effekte kan hê.

“Toxicological effects Copper sulfate is an irritant.  The usual routes by which humans can receive toxic exposure to copper sulfate are through eye or skin contact, as well as by inhaling powders and dusts.

Skin contact may result in itching or eczema.  Eye contact with copper sulfate can cause conjunctivitis, inflammation of the eyelid lining, ulceration, and clouding of the cornea.  Upon oral exposure, copper sulfate is only moderately toxic.

According to studies, the lowest dose of copper sulfate that had a toxic impact on humans is 11 mg/kg.  Because of its irritating effect on the gastrointestinal tract, vomiting is automatically triggered in case of the ingestion of copper sulfate.  However, if copper sulfate is retained in the stomach, the symptoms can be severe.  After 1–12 grams of copper sulfate are swallowed, such poisoning signs may occur as a metallic taste in the mouth, burning pain in the chest, nausea, diarrhoea, vomiting, headache and discontinued urination which leads to yellowing of the skin.  In cases of copper sulfate poisoning injury to the brain, stomach, liver, or kidneys may also occur.”

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Copper%28II%29_sulfate

Copper sulfate, also known as ‘blue stone’ or ‘blue vitriol’, is a chemical compound that is used in a wide range of industries. The basic chemical formula of blue vitriol is ‘CuSO4‘, but the salt exists as a series of different compounds, depending on the degree of hydration. ‘Chalcocite’, the anhydrous form of copper sulfate, occurs as a rare mineral and exists as a pale green or grayish-white powder.
The various hydrated forms of copper sulfate include trihydrates, pentahydrates, and heptahydrates. However, copper sulfate pentahydrate (CuSO4.5H2O) is the most commonly found salt. It is bright blue in color and is known as ‘chalcanthite’. This color of the crystals is due to the presence of water of crystallization, and is the best way to distinguish between the anhydrous and hydrated forms.

Copper sulfate can be prepared in the laboratory by reacting various compounds of copper (II) with sulfuric acid. However, it is commercially available on a large-scale basis, and is an economic source of Cu. Copper sulfate pentahydrate readily dissolves in water and is also soluble in methanol, glycerol, and to some extent in ethanol. When the blue crystals of copper sulfate are heated in an open flame, they get dehydrated and turn grayish white.

Uses

Copper sulfate is a versatile chemical compound having a wide range of applications in agriculture, as well as pharmaceutical and chemical industries.

Agriculture

  • Copper sulfate pentahydrate is commonly used as a fungicide to control various bacterial and fungal diseases of crops, fruits, and vegetables, such as mildew, leaf spots, blights, and apple scab.
  • Mixture of copper sulfate and ammonium carbonate, known as Chestnut compound, is used as a soil sterilizer or in horticulture to prevent seedlings from getting damp.
  • It is used in the preparation of Bordeaux mixture, along with lime, which is utilized for leaf application and seed treatment for treating fungal diseases on grapes, melons, and other berries.
  • Copper sulfate pentahydrate is used as a molluscicide, to repel and kill slugs and snails.
  • It as an algaecide to prevent algal growth.

Chemical Industry

  • Copper sulfate is often used in the preparation of catalysts for several reactions in many industries.
  • The anhydrous form of this salt catalyzes many processes like the transacylation in organic synthesis.
  • It is used in purification of gases by removal of hydrogen chloride and hydrogen sulfide.
  • The application of copper sulfate in preparation of dyestuff intermediates and catalyzing the synthesis of diazo compounds and pthalocyanine dyes is very common.
  • Copper sulfate is used as an electrolyte in electroplating and also used in some precipitation reactions.
  • It is utilized as an additive in adhesives.
  • Copper sulfate serves as a coloring agent for glass, cement and ceramics.
  • This salt is also used in many chemistry sets for undertaking various experiments.

Public Health and Medicine

  • Copper sulfate is used as a fungicide not only in agriculture, but also as an antiseptic and germicide against fungal infections in humans.
  • Incorporating this salt in floor cleaning mixtures helps in preventing athlete’s foot in tropical countries.
  • Copper sulfate is used in the preparation of Paris green, to kill mosquito larvae that cause malaria.
  • It is used to keep algal blooms away, especially from the swimming pools and water reservoirs.
  • Copper sulfate helps in eradicating snails that harbor the parasite responsible for causing Schistosomiasis in humans.

Apart from the above uses of copper sulfate, this compound is also used in preparation of wood preservatives to protect timber from wood worms. It is also utilized as a mordant in dyeing, and as a reagent in tanning process. Moreover, growing crystals of this salt is one of the common science fair projects for middle school and high school children.

Copper sulphate poisioning

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18407869

 

 

Waarom vet of kaings in die dieët

Primêre vitamiene word in die Literatuur beskou as Vitamien, A, D, E, K, C en Vitamien B Kompleks.Van hierdie groepe vitamien is Vitamien A, D, E en K “fat soluble” of vetopneembare vitamiene, wyl Vitamin C en B Kompleks wateropneembare vitamiene is.

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Die vetopneembare vitamiene word in spesiale vetselle gestoor, wat “lipocytes” of liposiete genoem word, wyl wateropneembare vitamiene nie in die liggaam, behalwe baie klein hoeveelhede gestoor word.

images

Vetopneembare kan toksies raak met ‘n oormaat inname van hierdie vitamiene. Kan selfs toksies wees vir diere as die liggaam dit in oormaat moet stoor. Wateroplosbare word deur die uriene uitgeskei en daar is geen bewys in die Literatuur dat wateroplosbare vitamien enige dier ooit skade aangerig het nie.

chicharon-baboy-pork-cracklings-2427

Beide hierdie vitamienes is uiters noodsaaklik vir mens en dier. Diere wat nie die nodige vet inneem wat gunstig in die liggaam as natuurlik ontvang word nie, kan dus nie noodsaaklike opnames maak van Vit A, D, E en K nie.

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Pierre@ Natural Health Clay masks

Introduction

We are without question living in a highly industrialized environment. Various pollutants of many sources propel free radicals into the air that we breathe. We inhale these toxins into our lungs and many of these free radicals find their way onto our skin. Not only do we inhale these pollutants, toxins and free radicals, we collect various airborne viruses, fungi and bacteria onto our hands and faces just being outside in a industrialised environment.

Not only is the physical environment responsible for creating free radicals harmful and dangerous to man and animal, man and animal are their own natural producers of free radicals.

Whatever the cause or origin of free radicals are in the physical environment we live in, or the free radicals generated by the human or animal body, free radicals are part and parcel of personal health care and all people should be aware off.

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Free radicals have a profound negative effect on human and animal health. Only sound knowledge of what free radicals are, will enable a person to protect him or herself from the harmful effects of free radicals.

In skin care, dealing with free radicals, it is all about effective preventative care.

Preventative skin care will support the growth factors in the and keep the skin vibrant and alive. It will also enable the little engines in the skin cell that support health and growth, to function optimal. Skin renewal is all about supporting the telomeres in each and every cell. Healthy telomeres will support cell longevity and cell rejuvenation abilities.

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External Free Radicals.

There are many external sources of free radicals. It is a subject well published. Here are a few that could be studied in own time with their harmful effects.

  • Industrial manufacturing smoke
  • chemical evaporation of industrial solvents
  • herbicides
  • insecticides
  • petro-chemical gasses
  • nicotine
  • radiation
  • ozone
  • certain drugs
  • heavy metal deposits in dams, rivers and the sea.

Internal Free Radicals

Equally to external free radicals, there are many free radicals generated by man and animal by their mere existence. Such an example is breathing.

Breathing turns oxygen into carbon dioxide or CO², which is also a free radical. One generated internally. This production of free radicals is known as “Oxidation,” and obvious, with its origin in the respiratory chain of anything that breathes.

Breathing provides necessary oxygen to each and every living cell.

unicity-make-life-better-clearstart30-helps-you-understand-about-detox-cleansing-12-638

All living cells which do not receive the required amount of oxygen, will struggle in all aspects of its survival and functionality. Any living cell deprived of oxygen will starve as well as not being able to keep the skin healthy, promotes cell growth and or be functional in cell replacement or rejuvenation.

A second source of free radical production is the waste generated from using minerals, vitamins, amino acids and sugars. A healthy cell needs shed one-use waste effectively back into the bloodstream, back to the liver to deal with the self-generated waste or free radicals.

Conclusion

Free radicals are part and part of the system. Cells are in constant need of food and oxygen. All living organisms have a disposal system or an “exhausts” of sorts. Waste needs to be filtered into the blood stream, to be dealt with by the kidneys, lungs, liver, lymphatic system etc.,

Cells

  • The human body is composed of many different types of cells.
  • These cells are invented with various different types of molecules.
  • Molecules consist of one or more atoms
  • Of one or more elements
  • These elements are joined by chemical bonds or reactions.

Fig.1

water molekule

A chemical bond is the attraction between atoms that enables the formation of chemical compounds such as water.

  • Atoms, as Fig 2 will indicate, consist of a nucleus, neutrons, protons and electrons.
  • An atom is known as the basic unit of a chemical element.
  • Every solid, every liquid, gas and or plasma is composed of neutral or ionised atoms.
  • Every atom is composed of a nucleus and one or more electrons bound to the nucleus.
  • The nucleus is made of one or more protons and typically, a similar number of neutrons.
  • Protons and neutrons are called nucleons. More than 99.94% of an atom’s mass is in the nucleus.
  • The protons have a positive electrical charge, the electrons have a negative electric charge, and the neutrons have no electric charge.

The number of protons in the atom nucleus, (also known as positively charged particles) determines the number of electrons (negatively charged particles) surrounding the atom.

  • Electrons are involved in chemical reactions.
  • It is the substance that bonds atoms together to form molecules.

atome en molekules

Fig 2

  • The bond may result from the electrostatic force of attraction between oppositely charged ions, as in ionic bonds, or through the sharing of electrons as in covalent bonds.
  • Opposite charges attract via a simple electromagnetic force.
  • The negatively charged electrons orbit the nucleus
  • The positively charged protons in the nucleus, attract the negatively charged electrons that orbits the nucleus.

How Free Radicals Are Formed

  • Electron, or the bond between molecules, seldom split in a way that leaves a molecule with an unpaired electron.
  • It is only when a weak bond split, where free radicals are formed.
  • Free radicals are unstable molecules, formed from weak bonds
  • It is a molecule in search of completeness, therefore reacts rapidly with other compounds.
  • It is the nature of free radicals to capture the wanted electron to gain stability.
  • Free radicals attack the nearest stable molecule, “stealing” its electron.
  • When the “attacked” molecule loses its electron, it becomes a free radical itself
  • This cause a chain reaction between molecules of stealing available electrons.
  • Once this process of stealing electrons from other molecule starts, it most often ends in the death of a cell.
  • In skin care, the rapid aging of a living cell.
  • Many free radicals are generated by the body itself, because we breathe and we eat.
  • The immune system itself purposefully create free radicals to neutralize viruses and bacteria.

Conclusion

There are three sources of free radical production;

  • The living body of man and animal will generate free radicals by mere existence.
  • Nature herself provide a number free radicals in bacteria, viruses and fungi
  • The industrialized world produces a number of harmful free radicals traced in soil or food production, in our rivers, the air that we breathe, the food sources we have in the sea.

Living Organisms and Free Radicals

When all is equal, the human body and the immune system should be able to successfully manage and dispose the free radicals.  But, to eliminate these free radicals successfully, the body needs antioxidants to eliminate these harmful molecules.

Of particular importance to note that free radical damage accumulates with age.

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Free radicals will accumulate in many places of the body. If the accumulation thereof is not dealt with appropriately, those free radicals will cause illness or damage to cell structures, cell proteins, DNA, and cell membranes by stealing their electrons through “Oxidation

Free Radicals are therefore associated with;

  • Cellular and organ damage
  • Early ageing
  • Decreased immune system
  • Collagen weakening or connective tissue weakening and wrinkle forming
  • Artery wall degeneration
  • Cholesterol plague build up
  • Reduction of blood flow to all cells, brain and other organs
  • Blood clots
  • Stress on the hearts functionality because of damage cells
  • Various chronic diseases
  • Cancer
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Arthritis
  • Lupus
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Impaired vision and cataracts
  • Inflammatory diseases and joint pains
  • Grey hair
  • Headaches
  • Fatigue
  • Cardiovascular diseases
  • Diabetes

Note: it is in health and skin care important to note that the body is under constant attack from various “Oxidative stress”.

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To Recap

  • “Oxidative stress is something that happens naturally inside our cells as these cells use oxygen turning into carbon dioxide, food and mineral sources turning into waste.”
  • The human body is made up of trillions of cells.
  • Inside each and every cell (except red blood cells) is a tiny “engine” called a mitochondrion.
  • The mitochondria create the energy your bodies use to function, to be awake, to sleep, to digest, to think, to breathe.
  • All body functions are dependent on the health of the mitochondrion
  • In all health care, every little cell that has a function towards health.
  • Mitochondria produce oxidative stress.
  • Living cell needs to get rid of used food waste, toxins generated, carbon dioxide as well as harvested bacteria, viruses and fungi
  • Many organs in the body plays a vital role in getting rid of these oxidative waste products in their normal functioning.
  • Study the functions of the lungs, the liver, kidneys, lymph and the digestive system, etc.,

See these by-products as in a motor vehicle “engine” analogy. It running engine needs to get rid of its “oxidative stresses” and by-products. All engines need an exhaust to do so and so does living cells to.

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Oxidative stress is associated with the damage of proteins, lipids and nucleic acids.  Free radicals are known to damage the cell’s DNA instructional code, causing new cells provided by the immune system to grow erroneously whilst leading to the early aging of the skin

If the body, with its immune system do not have enough “anti-oxidants” to assist functional cells with their natural detoxing processes, the accumulation of free radicals will ensure that the cell’s exhaust will block. Blockage will lead to a dysfunctional mitochondrion, a decrease in cell energy production, the starvation of cells, etc.

Various studies have connected oxidative stress by free radicals also to:

  • central nervous system diseases, such as Alzheimer’s and other dementia’s
  • cardiovascular disease due to clogged arteries
  • autoimmune and inflammatory disorders, such as rheumatoid arthritis and cancer
  • cataracts and age-related vision decline
  • age-related changes in appearance, such as loss of skin elasticity, wrinkles, greying hair, hair loss, and changes in hair texture
  • diabetes
  • genetic degenerative diseases, such as Huntington’s disease or Parkinson’s
  • many skin problems as in sores, wounds, acne, in wrinkles, in skin thinning and or thickening, can be associated with skin cells in a dysfunctional state.

Preventative skin care is therefore critical matter of knowledge.

Pierre @ Natural Health Facial mask, anti-oxidant cream and colostrum Balm

It makes sense to focus on the mitochondria or little engine of facial skin cell in facial skin care. The mitochondria are tiny organelles in cells that process the nutrients to power the cell.

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Pierre van Niekerk

To assist the mitochondria and the telomeres into maximal functioning, the harvesting excessive free radicals naturally (remember they have a positive electrical charge) through electromagnetic means, whilst these free radicals are in search for another electron, makes perfectly sense.

Free radicals, as said, are positively charged. The Pierre@ Natural health bentonite blend of clay are negatively charged. This blend of negatively charged clay will act as a highly charged magnet, absorbing the positively charged free radicals naturally into the clay blend.  It will naturally “detox” the affected area where free radicals did accumulate, place needed natural sodium and calcium back into the cells that the cell engine or mitochondria need.

The question should be asked why this method?

Let us have a look at the function of Antioxidants and their natural reaction to known free radicals

  • Antioxidants, as in the Pierre@ Natural Health blend of clay, are blend to keep accumulated free radicals on the skin in check.
  • Antioxidants are molecules in the clay prevent free radicals accumulated on the skin from taking electrons and causing further skin damage and destruction.
  • Antioxidants in the cream are a blend of vitamins and related molecules that prevent free radicals from taking electrons from skin cells disturbing cell functioning and causing damage.
  • Antioxidants are able to give an electron to a free radical, without becoming destabilized themselves, thus stopping a free radical chain reaction as explained.
  • Antioxidants are natural substances who are used and contracted to clean up and harvest free radicals.
  • Fibre in the intestines are used to clean up waste products in the intestines. Antioxidants in the same token are used to clean up free radical in the cells.
  • Free radical chain reaction can lead to broken cell membranes which means it can alter what enters and what exits the cells
  • Free radicals are able to change the structure of a lipid, making it more likely to become trapped in an artery.
  • Damaged molecules may mutate and grow tumours
  • The cascading damage of free radicals are also able to change the DNA code of a cell.

SELLE

Skin cell care

Feed the cells with the Pierre@ Natural Colostrum Balm. Colostrum is Nature’s own food, well known and proven to regrow and revitalise skin cells. Also known that it will stimulate and enhance natural cell growth. Colostrum will feed and stimulate the telomeres in the cells, repair the DNA to rejuvenate the skin and natural cell functions.

Rika Barnard experience

Lizette Joubert Venter’s experience

Lizette Leeudoringstad

Internal Free Radical Care

We are what we eat. We need to assist our skin, the biggest organ of the body, with what we eat. We also need to get rid of the free radicals our bodies produce naturally. External skin care is not merely enough.

To follow..

HOES (KENNEL COUGH) – “Canine infectious tracheobronchitis”

Dit klink erg maar dit is nie ‘n vreeslike erge toestand nie.  Meeste honde herstel sonder dat hul behandel word.  Net die volgende hieroor:

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Honde en katte, net soos in die geval van mense, het verskeie virusse en bakteriums wat die respiratoriese organe aantas.  Dit het verskeie oorsake.  Die bakterium “Bordetella bronchiseptica” is meestal die oorsaak.  Dit is waarom die toestand ook “Bordetella” genoem word.

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Wanneer honde hierdie toestand het, is hul meestal ook geinfekteer deur ‘n virus wat die gestel aanval en uitdaag en honde en katte meer vatbaar maak vir die “Kennel cough”, wat hul vatbaar maak vir al die ander viruses soos Parvo, Distemper, Andeno, Herpes,Reo en Parainfluenza virusse.

is (1)

Honde word besmet met die “kennel cough” bakterie en ook ander virusse wanneer hul dit inasem en dit op die asemhalingstelsel gaan vassteek in die sinusse en slym van die lugweë, wat die partikels vashou.

is

Daar is verskeie faktore wat ‘n rol speel by “kennel cough” en wat hul immuunstelsel verswak en die larinks en trachea van die longe beïnvloed.

is (3)

Swak ventilasie in hul slaapplekke of waar hul bly soos in kennels, koue temperature, sigaretrook is baie, baie gevaarlik vir honde se asemhalingstelsels, reis- of “travel-induced” stres en stowwerige toestande kan dit ook vererger.

Behandeling en/of voorkoming van “Kennel cough”

Die toestand is aansteeklik. Hou jou honde weg van ander honde.

  1. Antibiotika wat die bakterium sal aanval en die regte hoesmedisyne, soos Bisolvin Linctus vir babas. Dosis: 1 ml per 10 kg.
  2. Gebruik eerder n harnas as om die hond aan ‘n leiband te laat loop – dit sal die hoes verminder terwyl ‘n leiband sy respiratoriese stelsel sal wurg.
  3. Met ‘n goeie immuunstelsel en goeie kos, behoort ‘n hond in sowat 3 weke te herstel, ouer honde kan selfs tot 2 maande neem.
  4. Die toestand kan lei tot longonsteking.
  5. Indien die hond nie eet nie, lusteloos is, vinnig asemhaal en soortgelyke simptome toon, moet jy dadelik na jou veearts toe.

Pierre @ D Kolostrum.jpg

Slegs bedoel vir algemene kennis en inligting, daarom word Literatuur nie aangehaal nie.

Gee Vit B co (geen ander medisyne), Protexin, ‘rou’ heuning.  Veearts kan dalk Sinulox voorskryf vir lugweg infeksie.  Efazol is hoog in Zink en kan daagliks gegee word.

 

Pierre van Niekerk © 2018

Pierre@ Natural Health Anti-oksidant room.

Velsorg:

Inleiding

Daar is letterlik derduisende produkte en beloftes van verjonging en jeug wat vele vervaardigers van produkte belowe. Gebruikers koop die produkte met groot verwagting en dan gebeur daar min tot niks.

 

6858848d8464548b258d6af173a5cec1

Pierre@ Natural Health se produkte mag nooit sonder goeie inligting en opvoeding en bewyse van hoekom en waarom dit saamgestel is verkoop word nie. Dit moet tot die gebruiker se logika, hart en verstand spreek en dit moet hard werk om goeie resultate te bewerkstellig.

Pierre@ Natural Health het sy eie reeks produkte ontwikkel.

Dit is uniek in Suid Afrika en grond sy waardes en beginsels in produkte wat die Natuur self saamgestel het as antwoord en oplossing vir die gesondheid van mens en dier. Dit bevat geen wondermolekule en of nuut ontdekte ruimtestof wat alle probleme gaan oplos nie.

44132128_298815717391402_1710420070787710976_n

Dit bevat als in een druppel wat menslik onmoontlik is om in enige ander velversorgende konsentraat saam te stel. Vele ander goeie produkte, asook hierdie produk, sal faal indien die gebruiker nie kennis dra van die volgende faktore se rol in velveroudering nie.

Suksesvolle Velsorg begin by kennis van sewe belangrike faktore;

  1. Kennis van die dierselle se funksionele behoeftes en werkinge
  2. Faktore in die diersel (DNA en telomere) wat selvernuwing meebring
  3. Tipe vel, die aard en karakter van die veltipe.
  4. Kennis van die omgewing se invoede. (Son, wind, stoftipes, petrochemiese radikale in die lug, nywerheidsrook, ens) op die tipe vel.
  5. Dieët se rol om die vel as grootste orgaan voldoende te voed.
  6. Stresfaktore se rol wat velveroudering bewerkstellig
  7. Korrekte versorgmetodiek en versorgingsmetodes

Onvoldoende kennis van enige van bogenoemde begrippe kan die velsorgprogram se uitkoms laat faal en selfs n duur disfunksionele vel agterlaat.

Hair-Loss-Caused-by-lack-of-MSM

Velsorg moet ‘n beplande uitkoms en doel hê

  1. Elke persoon se vel is uniek. Elke persoon moet uitvind wat werk vir sy vel aldan nie.
  2. Enige goeie velsorgprogram moet ‘n Plan A, Plan B en Plan C hê.

milk_infograph

  1. Velsorg het te doen met komplekse liggaamlike realiteite soos;
    1. Hormone in die liggaam
    2. Die vel se onderskeie Ph by verskillende liggaamsdele.
    3. Pigmentasie en ligsensitiwiteit
    4. Sinvolle funksionele bloedsomloop (om afvalstowwe van gebruikte voedingstowwe in die epidermis weg te neem na die dikderm en lewer)
    5. Funksionle bloedsomloop om suurstof en voedingstowwe na nuwe selle te neem, asook die suksesvolle herstel van beskadigde selle te bewerkstellig.
    6. Gifstowwe van die liggaam moet ook suksesvol na die lewer en gal vervoer word om afgebreek te word en suksesvol in die dikderm uitgeskei word. Dit moet nie iewers in die liggaam vasgevang word nie.
    7. Enige versameling daarvan sal alle nuwe selvorming en vernuwing inhibeer en voorkom en versnelde veroudering bewerkstellig.

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Elke persoon is individueel en uniek.

Maak werk daarvan om die unieke karakter en identiteit van elke persoon se vel vas te stel. Maak ook seker watter rol elke orgaan in velsorg speel en ook watter rol disfunksionele organe in velsorg speel.

Die Rol van die Anti-oksidant Room

Die vel versamel dwarsdeur die dag op mikroskopiese vlak verskeie stofdeeltjies wat in die lug voorkom. Dit is vrye radikale wat aan sweet of velsorgprodukte bind, wat in nikotien, industrieële rook, petrochemiese afvalstowwe soos die dampe van diesel, olie- en petroldampe gevind word.

Vele skrywes wil dit beweer dat die vyf skadelikste toksienes vir velsorg en velveroudering die volgende is;

  1. Tabakrook
  2. Verfdampe
  3. Volgens die “Environmental Protection Agency” is biologiese kontaminante “lewende organismes” wat bakterie, virusse, swamme en fungi, stofmyte en laastens, “animal dander” of ons troeteldiere se mikroskopiese afskeidings is. Hierdie organismes bou in die liggaam op tot toksiese vlakke en veroorsaak naas velreaksies, ook respiratoriese probleme. Die EPA wil ook beweer dat hierdie lewende vrybewegende elemente in die lug ook die grootste probleme by ouers, siek mense en kinders verorsaak.
  4. Die rol van gifstowwe in die lug wat vir pesbeheer gebruik word, soos vlieg, muskiet, kakkerlak en vlooibeheer moet ook nie onderskat word nie.
  5. Dan ook industrieële rook, petrochemiese dampe, skadelike sepe en velsorgprodukte, stof, die son en horde ander faktore.

Die Anti-oksidantroom het vir die rede baie belangrike funksies om te voltooi wanneer dit aangewend word. Veral om die mond en neus en gesig, asook hande. Dit moet die vrye radikale se invloed en werking opvang en teenstaan, losmaak van die porieë. Lees gerus weer watter natuurlike elemente in die Anti-oksidantroom is en vergelyk dit met die Literatuur betreffende detoksifisering.

Vir die rede kan jy oorweeg om die room na paar minute af te was voordat jy die balm op sit en daarmee oornag.

Die Kolostrum Balm kan dan in ‘n skoon omgewing met skoon selle al die nodige voeding doen wat nodig is om selvernuwing en verjonging mee te bring.

Vervolg…

michael-specter

 

Rooi Gis of “Red Yeast”

43680075_2194256877313097_2788138016596557824_n

 

Rooi Gis (Red Yeast)

Rooi gis (‘red yeast’), ‘n tipe gis/swam ook bekend as ptyrosporin, pityrosporum of malassezia, ontwikkel in die klam omgewing rondom jou hond se oog wanneer hy te veel trane produseer of probleme ondervid met traan dreinering.

Terwyl hierdie gis natuurlik p die vel verskyn, laat die gedurige klammigheid dit toe om meer te gedy as wat normaalweg sou gebeur. Soos die naam aandui, vlek ‘red yeast’ die pels ‘n rooierige kleur en veroorsaak vel irritasies en ‘n onaangename reuk.

Terwyl behandeling van die gis sal help om die vlekke en irritasies te elimineer, sal dit nie die probleem oplos nie – dit gebeur as gevolg van jou dier se oormatige traan produksie of onvermoë van die traankliere om behoorlik te funksioneer. Sonder om hierdie probleem op te los, sal die gis voortgaan om weer tevoorskyn te kom en te sweer, selfs al behandel jy die infeksie met antifungale middels of medisinale vooraf geweekte oogdeppers.

Epiphora
Die oorsaak van rooi gis is ‘n toestand bekend as ‘epiphora’, waarin die trane van jou dier se oë gedurig oorspoel op die pels in sy gesig.

Sommige honde word gebore met oorerflike probleme met hul traankliere, wat behoorlike dreinering van die trane deur die neus en keel bemoeilik. Ander produseer oormatige trane as gevolg van irritasies wat veroorsaak word deur bakteriële oog infeksies of oog wimpers wat in die oë groei.

Hierdie hare krap die binnekant van die oog wat lei tot rooiheid, inflammasie en trane. Maar dit maak nie saak wat die probleem is nie, jy sal jou veearts moet besoek om die oorsaak van die toestand te bepaal; anders sal jy permanent probleme ondervind met traan vlekke and rooi gis.

 

Pierre van Niekerk

Pierre@ D OXI²

GENERAL USES OF PIERRE@ D OXI²

  1. Introduction

This OXI² Pre-Wash was developed and tested to remove hardened stains and smells caused by urine on carpets. Mammalian excretions such as blood, faeces, urine etc. consist of a combination of ammonia, bacteria, hormones, and uric acid.

As the urine breaks down, the ammonia concentration increases and sulphur-containing organic chemical substances known as mercaptans are then released.

  1. The chemical structure of Urea

The chemical structure of urea is written as (NH2)2CO. This means that two nitrogen-containing, ammonia-derived molecules are joined to a carbon molecule that has a double bond to an oxygen molecule.

  1. Contents

Dog urine contains urea, creatine, uric acid, carbohydrates, enzymes, fatty acids, hormones, sodium, potassium, chloride, magnesium, calcium and ammonia.

  1. Animal-related marks and stenches

When a dog smells another dog’s urine, it can detect the hormones, such as estrogen or testosterone that is present in the urine. That stimulates their reaction to mark or remark the area.

DO NOT CLEAN such affected areas with products containing ammonia. For urine turns as explained above, into ammonia, react then on a molecular level to the chemical structure, worsening the urine stench as it releases it in a more concentrated form.

For the above reasons, the Pierre @ Dieregesondheid OXI² PRE -WASH stain remover was developed, whereby it uses oxygen to remove and break the particles down.

 BENEFITS OXI² PRE -WASH STAIN REMOVER (OXYGEN BLEACH

  • No environmental hazards – breaks down to oxygen in your wash water
  • Colour safe and fabric safe. It brightens colours
  • Continual use will not cause yellowing or greying of cotton fabric
  • Effective stain removal in a broad range of water temperatures
  • Prevent fabrics from becoming yellowed or darkened
  • Does not weaken the strength of fabrics like chlorine bleach
  • In the laundry 02 Pre-Wash is used to de-stain, deodorize, and whiten. It is very effective as a laundry pre-soak for heavily stained articles
  1. LAUNDRY APPLICATIONS
  • It is very effective as a laundry pre-soak for heavily stained articles
  • For light soils: add 30ml (30g) of 02 Pre-wash with your laundry detergent per load. For moderate soils: use
  • 60ml (60g) and for heavily soiled articles: use 120g (120ml)
  • For whitening old linens and yellowed window shears, deodorizing and cleaning tennis shoes, or to get rid of yellow armpit stains on shirt, soak in 60ml (60g) of 02 Pre-Wash per 3.80-liter water for at least one hour, or overnight, then rinse.

 MIXING SOLUTION OF 02 PRE-WASH

Pierre @ D OXI² Pre-Wash will remain active for 5-6hrs, after which they should be discarded. Unused material may be poured down the drain. It will help clean and deodorize your disposal or toilet.02 Pre-Wash is most effective when mixed and used in warm to hot water (65degrC)

  1. GENERAL CLEANING
  • Mix 120ml (120g) of Pre-Wash in 3.8 litres of warm or hot water
  • Heavy Cleaning: Mix 240ml (240g) in 3.8 litres of warm or hot water
  • Soaks: Mix 60 – 120ml (120g) in 3.8 litres of warm or hot water
  • Paste: Mix 30-60ml/g with just enough water to make a paste
  1. CARPET, CAPRPET PADDING, COUCHES, UPHOLSTERY
  • To de-stain and deodorize carpet, start by mixing a general cleaning solution. Remove as much of the dirt or
  • liquid as possible.
  • Spray Pre-Wash solution on spot, work into area with a brush and let stand 5-10 minutes.
  • Rinse thoroughly by pouring fresh water over spot, blot up with a clean cloth or towel.
  • Vacuum thoroughly when completely dry.
  • Always test for color fastness before applying OXI² Pre-Wash.
  • Carpet cleaning machines add 30ml/g per 3.8litre of warm water in the solution tank.
  1. KITCHEN
  • For stained plastic ware, dishes, dish rags and dish towels add 30ml/g to 60ml/g to the container to be cleaned or to the dishwater and soak for at least 15 minutes.
  • To keep your drains and disposals clear and smelling fresh add 30g/ml in 240ml/g of hot water and allow solution to sit in drain overnight
  1. COFFEE POTS
  • To de stain your coffee pot, add 30g/ml if 02 Pre-Wash into a coffee pot of hot water, soak 1015minutes and rinse thoroughly.
  1. REFRIGERATORS
  • To eliminate mould, mildew and other organic stains, mix general cleaning solution in a squirt bottle and apply with a soft cloth, let stand 10-20minutes, wipe and rinse thoroughly. Cutting Boards, Tupperware, and Kitchen Counter Tops
  • To clean and deodorize your whole kitchen use a general cleaning solution and apply with a soft cloth, squirt bottle or sprayer, let stand 5-10 minutes and rinse.
  • For extra strong stains, soak item with an extra strong solution for 15-20minutes, rinse thoroughly
  1. BATHROOM
  • For septic systems add 120ml/g of Pre-Wash toilet and flush into the septic system twice a week. For toilets add 90g/ml, wait for 15 minutes then scrub.
  • For shower curtains soak in 30g per 3.8 litre of hot water, for mildew stains soak overnight.
  • For bathtub and shower use make a paste with hot water, scrub with cloth or sponge, wait 15 minutes then rinse or use
  1. WATER DAMAGE CLEANUP & MILDEW REMOVAL
  • To remove mould and mildew prior to painting or to clean up water damage, mix a soaking solution, apply to surface, and scrub with a brush or sponge. Let stand 20-30 minutes and rinse thoroughly.
  1. INDOOR-OUTDOOR CARPETING, FENCING, CONCREETE, SIDING, WOOD DECKS, AND STUCCO.
  • To remove weathered stains for wood decking, fencing, siding, concrete, and stucco, use a general cleaning solution and apply with a clean lawn sprayer. Let stand 10-30minutes, scrub if necessary and rinse thoroughly.
  • Or mix a general cleaning solution in a bucket and apply with broom or brush, then scrub and rinse thoroughly
  1. FIREPLACES & BRICKS
  • Use the general cleaning solution and apply to fireplace or bricks with a scrub brush or broom and allow standing 10- 20minutes and rinsing thoroughly with fresh water.
  • Scrub before rinsing if necessary
  1. YARD
  • For deodorizing garbage cans add 15g/ml per 3.8litre of water and let soak. For lawn furniture add 60g/ml to hot water, scrub, wait 15 minutes, then rinse. For all weather carpeting add 120g/ml to 3.8litre of warm water scrub with a stiff broom, wait 20 minutes and rinse.
  1. HOUSEHOLD
  • To de-stain and deodorize carpets add 30g/ml Pre-Wash per 3.8litre of carpet shampoo prior to cleaning.
  • For tiles add 180g/ml per 3.8litres of hot water, spray on tiles, wait 15minutes then rinse. For mops add 90g to 3.8litre of hot water, soak overnight then rinse.
  • For mildew removal or to clean basement floors after water damage from flooding add 120g/ml to 3.8litre of hot water, scrub surface, wait 30 minutes then rinse.
  • To clean and deodorize cat litter boxes soak then in 902g/ml if Prewash per 3.8litre of water for 20 minutes then rinse.
  • For urine, faeces or vomit stains on carpets or upholstery add one teaspoon of 02 Pre-wash to 240ml water, wipe onto stain, wait 10 minutes the rinse
  1. CAMPING
  • To clean and deodorize coolers add 60g/ml if Prewash per 3.8 litres of hot water soak for 20 minutes, then rinse, for boat sails, cushions, ropes, camping gear, tent sets add120g/ml per 3.8 litres of hot water soak for 30 minutes then rinse

Pierre van Niekerk ©2

Kolostrum as Basis in Velsorg

Waarom kolostrum as basis in algemene velsorg

Inleiding.

Kolostrum, sovêr bekend, word hiermee vir die eerste keer in Suid Afrika as produk in velsorg aangebied. Kolostrum as produk het ‘n ongekende groot Literatuurgeskiedenis wat die gesondheidswaardes in kolostrum bevestig.

Ingeligte velsorg en veral persone wat besorg is oor skadelike vrye radikale wat vrylik in vanuit ‘n industrieële omgewings vrygelaat word, vrye radikale vanaf petrochemiese bedrywe, verbranding van diesel en petrol asook ander chemiese stowwe wat vir insekte op plante en algemene huishoudelike gebruike gebruik word, vereis dat daar na totale waardetoevoeging van kolostrum gekyk sal word as velsorgproduk.

Die redes vir Kolostrum as basis word hiermee aangebied as velsorgproduk vir skades wat die vel mag opdoen asook as produk om velveroudering teen te werk!

Hierdie waardes in kolostrum word met die Pierre @ H produk in kolostrum se totaliteit aangebied as ‘n skoonheids- en velsorgproduk.

6858848d8464548b258d6af173a5cec1

Die ontleding van Kolostrum lewer die volgende waardes.

PROTEÏN

Protein BIOGLOBIN GEPUBLISEERDE DATA
Immunoglobulien bestaan uit:

IgG1

IgG2

IgA

IgM

Minimum gewaarborg: 61,1%

75%

3%

17%

5%

70 tot 80% maksimum in individuele gevalle;

·         Smolenskiet al (2007)

·         Larson (1992)

·         Korohnen et al (1995)

·         Gapper et al (2007)

·         Butler (1974)

 

b. Lacto-albumin 15% Perez et al. (1989) het bewys dat kolostrum post-partum 2.63 mg.ml lacto-albumin bevat.

 

c. Lactoglobin

 

5%
d. Serum albumin

 

15%
e. Kaseïn

 

25%
f. Ander proteïne:

 

5%

images (8)

Tipiese Aminosuur profiel: % van Proteïn
Alanin 4.6
Arganin 2.4
Asparatiensuur 10.1
Sisteïn 3.1
Glutaminsuur 17.1
Glisin 2
Histadin 2
Isoleusin 5.6
Leusin 10
Lisin 7.8
Metionin 2
Fenielalanin 3.1
Prolien 6.1
Serien 5.6
Treonin 6.8
Triptofaan 1.5
Tirosin 2.8
Valin 5.1
Ander Stikstofverbinding (NH3) 1.7

Laktoferrin is ‘n kationiese glikoproteïne ysterverbinding wat by soogdiere voorkom, wat ‘n belangrike faktor is in die beskerming van die melkkliere. (Farrell et al. 2004).

g. Lactoferrin Berekende waardes 0,2 – 0,7 mg/100 gram Sobczuk-Szul et al. (2013)

Indy ken Filonzi (2005)

 0a099460149d6e18ab97bc5b3508a586.600x

LAKTOSE

Laktose Maksimum berekende waarde is 3.6% Kehoe et al. 2007

Morrill et al. 2012

Laktose konsentrasie in kolostrum verander omgekeerd soos vet, as en protein toeneem in waardes. Kolostrum normaliseer binne 7 dae na kalwing na gewone melk en laktose waardes verhoog dienoorkomstig.  Kolostrum bevat ook glukose, fruktose, galaktose en ander koolstofbindings, wat van 3 tot 10 monosaggarides bevat en kovalent verbind is met glikosiedbande. Laktose kom in die kolostrum wat hier gebruik word slegs in spoorhoeveelhede voor.

slide_5

GROEI FAKTORE

Belangrike groeifaktore in kolostrum as produk is die volgende;

a. EGF (epiderma groei faktore) Lacopetta et al. 1992, Yagi et al. 1986
b. Betacellulin (BTC) (Bastian et al. 2001
c. Insulin-like growth factor I   (IGF-I) (Collier et al. 1991
d.  IGF-II Schams 1994
e. Transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) Ginjala and Pakkanen 1998
f.  Fibroblast growth factor 1 and 2(FGF1 and FGF2) Kirihara and Ohishi 1995
g. Platelet-derived growth factor (PGDF) (Belford et al. 1997

bio cell

 

VITAMIN SAMESTELLING VAN KOLOSTRUM

Vetoplosbare Vitamienes

Vitamin  A

Kolostrum bevat gemiddeld 75 IU Vit A eenhede per gram poeier. Verskeie vorms van Vitamin A kom voor in kolostrum: Dit is die volgende;

Retinol en Retinal Berekende konsentrasies Morrissey en Hill (2009)
Retinsuur Berekende konsentrasies
Retinil esters Berekende konsentrasies
Provitamin A karetonoïde bv β-karotene Berekende konsentrasies:

25 IU/g

M. M. Kramer et al.
Verhoogde konsentrasies eerste 5 dae Jensen et al.;Debier et al. 2005
Bacteria+Facts+One+healthy+bacterium,+given+the+proper+environment,+could+reproduce+into+a+colony+of+more+than+2+million+in+just+seven+hours.
There are more bacterium on your body than there are humans on the entire planet. An area of skin as small as 6.5 square cm (1 square inch) may be home to more than half a million bacterium.

milk_infograph

Vitamien E

Vitamin E bestaan uit 2 hoofgroepe in kolostrum wat binne 6 dae drasties verminder. ( Parrish et al.,1949)

Tokoferole (α-, β-, ƴ- en ᵹ

 

Berekende waarde van Vit E is sowat 876 µg/100 gram na eerste 6 melkings Morrissey en Hill 2009

Kehoe et al., 2007

Tokotrinole (α-, β-, ƴ- en ᵹ- Morrissey en Hill 2009

Vitamien D

Twee hoofgroepe kom in kolostrum voor, D3 gesintetiseer deur die vel van die koei agv blootstelling aan ultraviolet, en D2, geproduseer deur plante blootgestel aan ultraviolet.

D3 Cholecalsiferol Bulgari et al., 2013
D2 Ergocalsiferol Vit D total: 21 IU/g poeier Bulgari et al., 2013

Henry en Kon, 1937

 Lactation+(Breast+Feeding)

Vitamien K

Kolostrum bevat die volgende vorme

K1 (phylloquinone) Waardes nie bepaal nie Morrissey and Hill 2009
K2 (menaquinones) Waardes nie bepaal nie Morrissey and Hill 2009

WATEROPLOSBARE VITAMINES

Vitamien C

Vitamien C, of Askorbiensuur, word gesintetiseer in die lewer van die koei, maar kalwers is afhanklik van inname vanaf die Moeder deur kolostrum, en begin eers op 3 weke ouderdom self sintetiseer.

Vitamien C

(Askorbiensuur)

6,33 mg/100g

(Berekende waarde)

Walstra and Jenness 1984

B-Vitamienes

Kolostrum se waardes verander tipies as volg in vergelyking met melk:

Thiamin, Riboflavin, Folaat, B6, B12 Hoër waardes as in melk. Marnila and Korohnen 2002
Pantoteensuur

Biotin

Laer waardes as in kolostrum. Marnila and Korohnen 2002

LIPIEDE

Die vetinhoud van kolostrum pas na geboorte is gemiddeld 8%. Na droging is BIOGLOBIN se gekonsentreerde waardes as volg:

Vet inhoud: 16 – 18% Tipies bereken
  Versadig 68% van total
  Mono-onversadig 27% van total
  Poli-onversadig 4% van totaal

MINERALE

Minerale komponente in kolostrum (soute) kom voor as ione in oplossing voor of as kolloïdale komplekse met kaseïn, volgend Lucey en Horne (2009). Mineraal inhoud van kolostrum is hoër as in gewone melk.

Kalsium 216,8 mg/100g poeier Tsioulpas et al.,2007.
Fosfor 163,5 mg/100g poeier Tsioulpas et al.,2007.
Kalium 179,5 mg/100g poeier Abd El-Fattah et al. 2012
Magnesium, Yster, Koper, Sink, Mangaan Spoorhoeveelhede

Saamgestel vir algemene inligting vir Pierre@ Health

 

Pierre van Niekerk ©

 

 

 

 

 

Common Priobiotic Strains and their Benefits

Introduction

The information in this document is for educational and general purposes only and should not be construed as medical advice or a substitute for medical treatment. Readers should always consult appropriate and qualified health or medical professionals about specific medical problems and issues relating to personal wellbeing.

The author does not accept any responsibility for harm or loss which may result from failure to consult with the appropriate health authorities, and readers assume the risk of any such injuries that may arise from these circumstances.

Read Final Note as well…

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Probiotic Strains and Their Benefits

  1. Lactobacillus plantarum
    • Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
    • Cold and flu
    • Other immune system deficiencies

This bacterium helps you fight against getting sick by defending your system from invading viruses, moulds, toxins, etc.

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  1. Lactobacillus rhamnosus
    • Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
    • Diarrhea
    • Lactose intolerance
    • Urinary tract infections
    • Other intestinal tract illnesses including stomach ulcers.

This strain of probiotic is known for its ability to survive through the harsh gastric acid and bile of the stomach – to make it through to the intestine and compete against bad bacteria.

It enhances the strength of your immune system by stimulating mucous production, inhibiting the growth of intestinal pathogens, and reducing inflammation in the intestines.

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  1. Bifidobacterium bifidum
    • Constipation
    • Allergy symptoms
    • Digestive issues
    • Lactose intolerance

In addition to keeping your colon healthy and increasing your ability to absorb important nutrients, BB also reduces intestinal inflammation and competes with pathogens for adhesion to the intestinal cells to help make your immune system stronger. This is one of the four good bacteria species typically found in infants.

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  1. Bifidobacterium infantis
    • Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
    • Gastroenteritis
    • Defends against pathogens such as Salmonella

A probiotic bacterium common in breast-fed infants, but which can also be found in teens and adults. It is known to successfully survive the trip through the stomach acids and bile and adhere to the intestinal tissues where it produces acetic acid and bacterocinlike substances, and some strains even produce B-vitamins such as thiamine, nicotinic acid, and folate. This is one of the four good bacteria species typically found in infants.

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  1. Bidifobacterium longum
    • Ulcerative colitis
    • Intestinal inflammation
    • Vaginal flora balance
    • Constipation
    • Crohn’s disease
    • High cholesterol
    • Colon cancer

Like most strains, they are still discovering all the positive benefits of this bacteria. They do know that it will strengthen your immune system, improve your overall gut health, and can help with re-establishing beneficial vaginal flora.

Studies have led researchers to believe that B. longum may minimize the effects of or prevent a full range of other ailments and diseases.

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  1. Lactobacillus reuteri
    • Eczema
    • Colic
    • Diarrhea
    • Rotavirus
    • Workplace sicknesses
    • Dental health issues
    • Female Urogenital Tract Infections
    • Constipation

These bacteria produce a unique broad-spectrum antibiotic substance called reuterin, which has been found to inhibit the growth of some harmful bacteria, along with yeasts, fungi, and protozoa, while keeping normal gut flora intact. In addition, reuterin has also been shown to suppress infections related to H. pylori (linked to peptic ulcers and gastric cancer). It is found naturally in some milk and meat products.

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  1. Lactobacillus acidophilus
  • Acute, infectious diarrhea
  • Vaginal infections
  • Urinary tract infections

One of the most popular lactic bacteria, Lacidophilus is commonly used in foods such as yogurt and other dairy products. It works very well in combination with other probiotics to reduce the toxic effects of mould and yeast growth, and can prevent parasite growth in your intestinal tract.

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  1. Lactobacillus casei
  • Constipation
  • Lactose intolerance
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Diarrhea

Casei occurs naturally in both your mouth and intestines, and helps support a healthy immune system. It can also reduce the rate and risk of bacterial infections. It has also been administered safely and with positive results to critically ill children suffering from diarrhea.

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9. Lactobacillus helveticus

  • Bone mineral density
  • Blood pressure
  • Improved sleep
  • Stress relief
  • Calcium absorption
  • Diarrhea
  • Lactose intolerance
  • Allergies Found in many cheeses.

This lactic acid producing bacteria boasts a variety of health benefits, ranging from stimulating the immune and digestive systems to increasing bone density in post-menopausal women, to reducing arterial stiffness and blood pressure. It can also improve health by increasing the bioavailability of the nutrients in the body.

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  1. Lactobacillus salivarius
  • Gum sensitivity
  • Plaque
  • Tooth and gum health
  • Chronic bad breath
  • Ulcers

In addition to the wide range of proven dental health benefits, L. salivarius is currently being tested and is believed to have the potential to improve immune system responses to colitis and septic shock.

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  1. Pediococcus acidilactici
  • Stress relief
  • Digestive issues
  • Diarrhea
  • Constipation
  • Multiple Sclerosis relief

This bacterium can balance the bacteria in your gut to enhance your overall health and promote a healthier inflammatory response in the intestines. It can reduce and prevent unhealthy bacteria and parasites—like salmonella and E. coli from entering your intestinal tract. It is even believed that it can provide a supportive role in patients who are suffering from Multiple Sclerosis.

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  1. Streptococcus thermophilus
  • Lactose intolerance
  • Colic
  • Digestive issues
  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
  • Diarrhea
  • Dermatitis
  • Ulcers

One of the two original strains used to make yogurt, this probiotic is still one of the most effective strains for boosting your immune system and improving your digestive health. It is currently being tested for limitless applications, especially for treating the causes and symptoms of cancer.

Pierre van Niekerk ©

Final Note

 Probiotic strains are constantly being tested to determine efficacy and indications in both humans and animals. The indications listed here are simply a representation of what the most recent testing has shown to be the likely benefits for each strain. There are no guarantees of efficacy for any probiotic ingredients.

The material and opinions expressed in this document are believed to be accurate based on the best judgment available to the author.

Whilst the information in this document is regularly updated and every attempt is made to ensure that the material is accurate, medical research is being continually published and thus some information may be out of date and/or may contain inaccuracies and typographical errors.

The following sources were consulted in the preparation of this list: https://medlineplus.gov, www.probiotics.org , www.mayoclinic.org, www.probioticsdb.com , and www.probiotics-lovethatbug.com

Blommetjie Mieks Proewe

Pierre@Dieregesondheid Blommetjie Mieks

Die produk is tans onder verdere toetsing by Toetslaboratoriums. Dit sal met die resultate aansoek doen vir bykomende registrasies in terme van Wet 36 van 1947 by die nodige owerhede.

In verskeie lande soos Australië en Swede is die aktief heeltemal vrygestel van enige Registrasies van hul owerhede.

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Volledige name en Literatuurverwysings wat hierdie produk se onderbou demonstreer is, sal met registrasie omslagtig beskrywe word.

  1. Doel van die Produk

Om ‘n natuurlike produk te gebruik wat die laagste moontlike gevaar tot moontlike vergiftiging het het vir mens en dier. Die aktief moet natuurlik wees. Versoenbaar met die Natuur, grond en die verbruiker.

Foto-eienaar onbekend.

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Gevolg

  • Die aktief wat gevind is, het baie lang veiligheidsrekord van beproefde veiligheid teenoor mens en dier.
  • Dit word wêreldwyd gereken as een van die produkte wat die veiligste is van natuurlike produkte in die Klas: Huishoudelike Pestisiedes.
  • Sou dit per abuis ingeneem word, metaboliseer dit vinnig in die warmbloedige liggaam met min tot geen skadelike nagevolge nie.
  • Toestresultate het bevind dat die aktief se toksiese impak 4000 keer laer is vir ‘n rot, as wat dit vir n huisvlieg sou wees.
  • In die toetse kon rotte nie vergiftig word of enige kliniese tekens toon van vergiftiging, of enige nagevolge daarvan toon in die lewer en of mistoetse nie.

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  1. Produk moet baie lae weerstandigheid teen die aktief toon

Die aktief of doodmaakmolekule wat geselekteer is, het weens sy kort nawerking ‘n baie lae weerstandsrekord by insekte. Boonop is sy natuurlike molekulêre struktuur so kompleks dat weerstandigheid nie ‘n wesenlike probleem kan word nie.

  • Weerstandigheid teen die doodmaakmiddel en aktiewe van insektisiedes, word algemeen aangeteken in die Literatuur. Insektisiedes is vir sespootige diere  (Korrekte uitdrukking is 3 paar pote) soos vlieë, kakkerlakke, kop en pubiese luise, miere, muggies, vrugtevlieë en vele ander peste op plante.
  • Daar is ook in die landbou wye weerstandigheid aangeteken teen beheermiddels vir bosluise, wat weer ‘n agtpootige dier is. Die aktief moet ook hier suksesvolle nawerking toon.
  • Die produk moet veilig vir mens en dier, teen enige huishoudelike pes gebruik kan word.

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  1. Kermerke van die aktief 
  • Breë spektrum: Die aktief bestaan uit ‘n groep molekulêre verbindings (bekend as esters) en het ‘n wye spektrum van doodmakende aktiwiteit op insekte as meeste ander produkte wat net ‘n enkele aktief het.
  • Die produk het ses (6) esters in sy natuurlik samestelling. Elke een van hierdie esters het ‘n doodmaak of ontwrigtingseffek op die teiken-insek. Dit beteken dat die produk die insek op 6 verskillende maniere kan doodmaak of ontwrig.
  • Esters ontwrig die sentrale senustelsel van kruipende en vlieënde insekte, deur hul normale senuaktiwiteite disfunksioneel te maak en te laat faal om sy natuurlike gedrag te openbaar. Soos om te kan hardloop of weg te vlieg. Hoër aktiwiteite stel die insek ook bloot aan meer van die aktief.
  • Vinnige werking: Die produk val die senustelsel van die insek aan en distort die normale senufunksies van die insek. Dit ontwrig sy normale lewensfunksies of maak die insek dood. Dit het nie ‘n onmiddelike effek op insekeiers of selfs larwes nie, weens die onaktiwiteit daarvan.
  • Omgewingsveilig: Die aktief word deur sonlig en ultravioletstrale afgebreek met geen residu nie.
  • Vrugte en groente-oeste: Daar is geen tydperkperk van onttrekking of interval nodig met die saamgestelde aktief nie. Voedsel kan onmiddelik gebruik word.
  • Alhoewel die produk ‘n aangename reuk het vir mense, het dit naas sy relatief vinnige doodmaak aksie, ‘n walgingsfaktor vir insekte. Hul hou nie van die reuk van die produk nie en wil dit vermy.
  • Dit kan veilig aangewend word op mens en dier waar vlieë hinder en pla, muskiete aktief is en ander skadelike insekte verkieslik die pad laat vat. Kan dus aangewend word vir jagters, veldbesoeke, babas, en troeteldiere.
  • Insekte soos miere word nie deur insektisiedes gewalg nie. Dit sal gewoonlik deur die produk loop. Hul neem gewoonlik die aktief met hul saam nes toe en roei oor tyd die hele nes en koningin met die bewegings uit. 
  • Veilig vir gebruike in Skole, Hospitale, Gastehuise, Hotelle, Kombuise en Ouetehuise: Die aktief laat geen skade en residu wat onveilig is vir mense nie.
  1. Reaksie by muskiete

By wyfiemuskiete veroorsaak die aktief en reuk daarvan abnormale gedrag. Verhoed dat hul hul natuurlike instink volg om ‘n bloedmaal by ‘n gasheer te soek en te neem. By hoër konsentrasies van die aktief verloor hul in totaliteit hul normale gedragspatrone.

Dit beteken ook dat hul hul skuilplekke verlaat van veiligheid en blootgestel kan word aan hoë dosisse van die aktief.

Pierre van Niekerk ©

 

 

 

Probiotika: 1

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Die kos wat ons eet, moet ten doel hê om al die belangrike voedingstowwe te bevat om die liggaam in sy totaliteit te voed. Voeding word beskou as die bron en die boustene om die liggaam energie te verskaf, liggaamselle en organe te voed, herstel te laat plaasvind en die immuunsisteem te voed om sy werk te doen.

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Voedsel wat ingeneem word, bestaan uit ‘n verskeidenheid molekules wat chemies en fisies aan mekaar verbind is. Die vertering en afbreek (verrotting) van voedsel in die spysverteringskanaal het ten doel om hierdie chemiese en fisiese verbindings af te breek in individuele voedingstowwe in so ‘n vorm dat die liggaam die verskillend nutriënte dit kan opneem.

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Eenvoudig gestel beteken spysvertering dat voedsel afgebreek word tot in molekulêre vorms tot waar die liggaam instaat is om dit as voedsel op te neem.

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Spysverteringstelsel

Die meganika van die spysverteringstel, alhoewel eenvoudig verduideik, is in wese baie kompleks.

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Vertering vind in die spysverteringskanaal plaas. Die spysverteringskanaal strek van die mond, die slukderm, die maag, deur die dermkanale tot by die anus. Wat ook al geëet word, beweeg met prosesse deur die stelsel tot waar dit deur en in die dermkanaal opgeneem word. ‘n Lengte van ongeveer 9 meter, van die slukderm (esophagus) tot die anus.

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Die dermkanaal dien as skild.

Die kos wat ingeneem word, moet eers deur die spysverteringskanaal opgebreek word in molekules voordat dit deur die dermkanaal opgeneem kan word. Kos wat dus ingeneem word, kan met die “skild” van die dermkanaal beskou word as nog “buite” die liggaam.

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Opname

Deel van die spysverteringsproses is die selektiewe deurlaat van afgebreekte voedingstowwe deur die selwande van die dermkanaal. Vandaar beweeg dit deur die bloedstroom na alle selle van die liggaam, organe om orgaanfunksies te verseker, energie te verskaf, brein-en hormoonfunksies te stimuleer.

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Een funksie wat beklemtoon kan word, is die herstel en vervanging van beseerde spiere en afgestorwe selle in die liggaam wat belangrike funksies vervul. As voorbeeld kan die vervanging van lewerselle genoem word, asook die vel, wat twee van die grootste organe in die liggaam is.

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Die verteringsproses

Voedsel se molekulêre strukture vir opname deur die dermkanaal verskil in grootes en kom in verskillende strukture, verbindings en vorms voor.

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‘n Eenvoudige verduideliking sou wees om in jou geestesoog ‘n klomp kettings van verskillende grotes en lengtes en vorms opgerol in chemiese verbindings wat die kettings vashou in ‘n bondel te sien.

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Spysvertering sou dan die proses wees om in menslike prosesse die bondel opgerolde ketting met meganiese en chemiese prosesse te ontrafel en oop te ontvou. Te ontrafel dat die molekulêre strukture alleen, enkel en apart van mekaar staan sodat dit opgeneem kan word.

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Die mens sou in sy spsyverteringstelsel die ketting kou in stukke, meng met alkaliese speeksel, sluk en afbreek in die maag met swembadsuur in die maag, dan in die dermkanaal verder met ensieme opbreek, wat dan uiteindelik in ‘n nuwe ketting in ‘n nuwe vorm as boustene vir die liggaam verskyn.

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Voedselsoorte het verskillende tipe molekules

Voedselstrukture bestaan uit verskillende komplekse molekules en ook soorte. Dit bestaan uit die groot molekules soos proteienes, stysels, middelgroote molekules soos vette en dan baie kleiner molekules soos vitamienes, minerale, suikers en phytonutriënte (plante se voedingstowwe), wat belangrike faktore van beskerming bevat vir die liggaam.

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Die punt is, die liggaam vir goeie gesondheid al hierdie komplekse voedselstrukture se voedingstowwe nodig. Elke voedselsoort en elke molekule het eie unieke wyses en maniere waarop dit opgebreek moet word. voordat dit as voedsel of nutriënt deur die dermkanaal opgeneem kan word.

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Proteiene

Die inname van proteiene, wat afgebreek word in die dermkanaal deur ensieme in aminosure, verskaf belangrike boustene in die liggaam se voortdurende proses van groei en herstel van die liggaam.

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Die oorgrote meerderheid van die liggaam se strukturêle weefsel bestaan uit proteiene. Dit is die skelet, senings en ook weefsel. Vir die rede is die innaame van genoegsame hoeveelhede proteien vir hul gesondheid ‘n belangrike faktor. Proteiene is betrokke by  byna elke funksie van die liggaam.

Acid protection of probiotic bacteria via capsules

Ensieme

Ensieme is ook proteiene. Ensieme vervul feitlik elke funksie in die liggaam soos die herstel van beskadigde weefsel en ook die verwydering daarvan. Ensieme is ook boodskappers in die liggaam. Dit vervoer hormone van een plek na ‘n ander en is aktief in nodige selkommunikasie tussen selle van die liggaam se DNA.

Die liggaam het as lewende organisme nodig om voortdurend nuwe proteiene te vorm om uitgediende ensieme te vervang. Dit het ook die vorming van nuwe proteiene nodig om verouderde selle, beskadigde selle en beserings te heel.

Optimale gesondheid vereis dus ‘n aaneenlopende proses van proteienvorming en proteienvervanging. Proteiene word saamgestel deur kleiner molekules wat aminosure genoem word. Op molekulêre vlak kan een proteien opgebreek word in n string van aminosure wat wissel van so klein as 200 aminosure op ‘n string, tot 5000 daarvan.

Die maak van proteiene in die liggaam

Om ou en afgeleefde selle in die liggaam te vervang met nuwe selle, moet die liggaam aminosure gebruik as boublokke van die proteiene wat opgeneem word in die diëet. Wanneer proteien van verskillende bronne ingeneem word, moet die liggaam die groot aminosuurstringe of verbindigs neem en afbreek in aminosure, of peptides.

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Aminosure, ook genoem petides, moet in een tot twee molekules (dipeptides) afgebreek word om deur die liggaam opgeneem te kan word.

Protesease

Die liggaam vervaarding ensieme wat protease genoem word wat proteiene wat ingeneem word afbreek in aminosure. Proteiene verloor sy struktuur in die maag met behulp van maagsuur en pepsien.

Vandaar beweeg die afgebreekte proteienbron deur die maagklep in die dunderm in (duedenum), waar nog ensieme en of protease plaasvind. Aminosure en dipeptides word in hierdie vorm in middelderms of jejenum opgeneem.

 

Pierre van Niekerk ©

Magnesium as mineraal vir mens en dier

Vrouegesondheid: Magnesium

Maar dit is belangrik dat ALMAL oplees hieroor en besef dat seker 90% van jul siektes se oorsake begin by magnesiumtekorte in jul dieët en bloed, wat by meer as 300 biochemiese prosesse in die liggaam betrokke is.

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Magnesium moet gelees word in eenvoudige taal, as die voertuigies in jou bloed wat verbindings maak aan voedingstowwe, minerale en vitamiene ens., en dit na belangrike organe vervoer om hul funskies gesond te hou en te versterk om jou gesond te hou. Hart, longe, niere, brein, lewer, ens.

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Magnesium is ook die voertuigies wat aan die afvalstowwe van wonde en ander plekke bind, dit weer deur die bloedstroom na die lewer en gal toe neem om daar afgebreek te word.

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Al is jou bloed rooi. En dit het nie genoegsame magnesium nie, vervoer jy niks na nêrens. Jy verarm/laat struikel omtrent 300 belangrike biochemiese prosesse in jou liggaam wat dit van ander bronne en organe moet ontrek om vir jou wesenlike natuurlike gesondheid te verskaf en om jou organe goed te laat funskioneer.

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Magnesiumtekorte plaas jou gesondheid erg onder druk. Jou immuunsisteem veg hom moeg en die is ook onder druk. En moenie foefies glo oor magnesium nie. Dit word op 3 maniere opgeneem. Of IV, onder operasie in jou aar, deur kossoorte, wat almal weet nie meer voldoende magnesium bevat nie, en dan my mengsel met die Engelsesout.

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Letterlik honderde vroue skrywe hier vir my. Waarskynlik die heel laaste persoon op aarde vir wie hul moet dit skrywe. Daarom die Vrouegesondheidsdae wat ons aanbied, dat die komplekse chemiese verbindinge in die bestaan van vroue in gewone taal verduidelik word.

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Soms is die saak so privaat, dat dit bitter swaar is om te se en te verduidelik en die fotos wat mens kry.

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Onlangs het die plan my bygekom om vir vroue te sê om droë engelsesout in hul skoene te plaas vir opname. Twee ander plekke wat baie bloedvate en senuwees bevat is die tepels op die bors, en dan tussen die bene.

Maak aquesroom en engelsesout vars aan 50:50 en sit dit in die koppie oor die tepel en los dit daar dat dit intrek deur die dag. Die ander oplossing kan wees om nat of droeë Engelsesout op ‘n “panty liner” te plaas en trek normaal aan.

Dit sal nie brand nie. Pubiese hare wat geskeer word, veral by vroue met sterk pubiese haargroei , groei vele kere in die area in en veroorsaak klomp liesverwante probleme by vroue. Huisves ook n klomp onnodige bakterie veral in die lieste as dit onsteek.

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Sit dan engelsesout op en of smeer dit in. Sit ook die blomswawelmengsel so op en in as dit moet.

Pierre van Niekerk ©

Swawel se funksies in die Liggaam

Swawel/swawel en jou gesondheid!

Die belangrike funksie van swawel vir die plante en menslike gebruik.

Bestaan in twee vorme:

  1. Organiese swawel
  2.  Minerale swawel

Swawel as minerale swawel word erken op die Chemiese elemente tabel as “S”. Dit staan ook bekend as swaeloksied, wat in swaelsuur omskep word.

Hierdie vorm van swawel is skadelik vir mens en dier. Dit kan glad nie gebruik of gesluk word nie en moet as uiters giftig beskou word. Swael word gevind in groot hoeveelhede by vulkaniese uitbarstings. Swael word by verskillende prosesse in die metalurgiese industrieë gebruik en, by die vervaardiging van rubber.

Swawel in hierdie vorm is ook ‘n afvalproduk by die vervaardiging van petrolleumprodukte. Swael in hierdie vorm is nie geskik vir menslike gebruik nie en duidelike onderskeid tussen die twee vorme van swawel moet onderskei word.

Organiese swawel is ook bekend as Methylsulphonylmethane (MSM) swawel.

Swawel in die organiese vorm word in die markplek na verwys as ” Methylsulphonylmethane” of (MSM) en is ‘n organiese substansie wat in alle plant en dierlike weefsel gevind word.

Sommige Literatuur wil daarna as die 3de belangrikste minerale komponent in die dierlike sel verwys. Hierdie vorm van swawel kom ook voor as ‘n wit, reuklose produk in kristalvorm, (soos witsuiker) voor.

Soos genoem is hierdie tipe van swawel organies en baie voordelig vir die menslike liggaam. Inteendeel, geen goeie gesondheid kan gehandhaaf word sonder swawel as komponent nie.

MSM of organiese swawel ondersteun die vashegtingvermoë en funksie van spiere, ligamente en senings aan die skelet. Bykomend is organiese swawel nodig vir detoksifisering van selle asook by die opname van suurstof in die dierlike sel.

Hier is n paar voordele te vinde van MSM of organiese swawel.

  • Detoks en help met die herstel van beskadigde selle soos by wonde en sere.
  • Verhoog weefsel elastisiteit en bevorder bloedsirkulasie.
  • Bevorder heling, verminder inflamasie en help met die herstel van seer spiere.
  • Verwyder vrye radikale in die liggaam
  • Verminder allergiese reaksies na stuifmeel en voedselallergente
  • Belangrike komponent by gesonde haargroei en naels
  • Verminder plooie en bevorder gesonde vel
  • Belangrike mineraal in die Literatuur by die herstel van Altzheimers, osteoperosis en Parkinsons
  • Verlig ook kroniese hoofpyne, PMS en oogprobleme en lae bloedsuiker
  • Verligting by emfiseem

Hoe moet dit opgeneem word?

Organiese swawel moet in ons voedselbronne natuurlik voorkom. Weens die gebruik van kunsmis, gifstowwe, en ander derglike plantpraktyke word swawel nie meer deur plante opgeneem nie en is die swawelketting in ons dieët gebrek.

Kosse wat veronderstel is om ryk te wees aan swawel is kool, rape, knoffel. Die feite is dat ons kosse is swawelarm en is dit beter dat ons dit as n minerale komponent moet inneem.

Die dierlike liggaam produseer nie self swawel nie. Stoor dit ook nie en moet dus bewustelik ingeneem word deur of vars groente te plant.

Pierre van Niekerk ©

Proteien Intolleransie: (Protein Intolerance

 Voedselverwante allergieë se ontstaan is geleë in die immuunsisteem se reaksie tot sekere bestanddele in die kos wat hom aangebied word. Misken beter gestel, dit is die oor-sensitiwiteit vir sekere bestanddele van byvoorbeeld ‘n hondekos. Dit kan gluten wees as voorbeeld, preserveermiddels, kleurstowwe en of kunsmatige geurmiddels.

In die skrywe “Waar begin my dier se gesondheid” word verduidelik watter ensieme vind ons in n dier se maag. Die Literatuur wil dit hê dat wanneer honde byvoorbeeld ‘n intoleransie toon teenoor kos wat hy inneem, dit nie noodwendig ‘n immunologiese probleem is nie. Dit kan wees dat hy nie die nodige ensieme het om die kos te verteer nie.

Dit kan wees dat die kos iewers skade opgetel het en afgegaan het, ongeskik geraak het vir verskeie redes. Wanneer ‘n hond as voorbeeld iets ingeneem het wat ‘n allergiese reaksie veroorsaak, is die mees algemene tekens braking, krap, diarree en baie algemeen, ‘n rooi uitslag op of oor groot gedeeltes van die ou se lyf.

Die vraag is hoekom? Wat gebeur hier?

Wanneer die immuunstelsel reageer, skei dit histamien af wat bogenoemde reaksies veroorsaak. Die uitdaging is om uit te vind hoekom die liggaam histamien afskei. Wat is die sneller en die oorsaak van hierdie reaksie. Meeste van die kere is dit nie voor die handliggend nie en begin ‘n mens om die elemente in die dier se kos te elimineer.

Oplossing

  1. Een oplossing is om die dier vry te stel van voedsel wat bestanddele bevat wat die immuunstelsel sal aktiveer om histamien vry te stel. Soos RAW. Meeste allergieë in honde word veroorsaak deur proteïenmolekules.
  2. Die tweede metode is om proteïenmolekules te verklein deur ‘n proses wat hul noem “Hidrolisering.” Gehidroliseerde peptiede is te klein om reseptore te verbind, maar het en behou nog steeds hul voedingswaarde.
  1. Gewoonlik ontstaan ‘n proteïenintolleransie wanneer n hond proteïen inneem waarvoor hy ‘n allergies is, en die proteïenmolekules verbind met gesensiteerde reseptor molekules in die liggaam, en die skei histamien af wat dan rooi uitslaan, jeuk, braking en diarree veroorsaak.

In ‘n gehidroliseerde vorm is die peptiede te klein om die reseptore te verbind wat dus meebring dat histamien nie afgeskei word om reaksies te veroorsaak nie.

Soos genoem, in ‘n hidroliseringproses word die proteïenmolekules verklein wat hul voedingswaarde behou. Al wat gebeur is dat molekules (peptiede) verklein word om nie met die reseptore te verbind.

Vir interessantheid 

Die eenheid waarin hidrolisering gemeet word, word “Daltons” genoem. Die proteïenmolekules in standaard hondekos is sowat 12 000 daltons in grootte.  Proteïne so klein soos 4500 daltons het al allergiese reaksies veroorsaak.

4. Die derde metode is natuurlik is om ‘n nuwe proteïen te kry waaraan die liggaam nog nie blootgestel is nie. Die rede hiervoor is dat die liggaam nog nie reseptore hiervoor sensitief gemaak het nie (sensiteer) het nie wat dus nie ‘n allergiese reaksie behoort te veroorsaak nie. Kan eend, vis en enige ander bron wees wat die dier nog nie ingeneem het nie.

 

Allergies

What are food allergies or intolerances?

Food allergies are the result of over-sensitivity of the immune system to certain ingredients in food. Food allergies are more severe than food intolerances.

If your dog has a food intolerance, the problem is not immunollogical and may be caused by eating a spoiled food or attributed to an underlying disease, or it is possible that your dog doesn’t have the enzymes necessary to digest his food.

When your dog eats something that he has an allergic reaction to, his body releases histamines which can cause itchy skin, general redness of the skin, or digestive problems like vomiting and diarrhoea.

The only way to identify a food allergy in your dog is to use an elimination food. An elimination food contains ingredients which are far less likely to cause an allergic reaction and hence helps you find out if the allergy is caused by elements in your dog’s regular food. Your vet will recommend your dog eat an allergen-free food for a fixed period. It’s important you follow your vet’s instructions precisely as feeding other foods may lead to poor results.

How to manage food allergy in dogs

Hydrolysed peptides are too small to link receptors, hence they do not trigger release of histamine and cause allergic signs.

Food allergies are almost always triggered by protein ingredients in food. When your dog eats a protein that he is allergic to, the protein molecule connects two sensitised receptor molecules in the body, which releases histamines.

There are two main ways to manage food allergies using an elimination food trial.

Hydrolysation reduces protein molecules to a size that doesn’t cause a reaction but leaves their nutritional value intact. The level of hydrolysation is measured in units called daltons, and the lower the number the better. The protein molecules in ordinary dog food are around 12,000 daltons in size. Proteins as small as 4,500 daltons have been known to cause allergic reactions. The major part of the protein in Hill’s™ Prescription Diet™ z/d™ ULTRA, a highly hydrolysed nutrition, is smaller than 3,000 daltons.

A novel protein is one that your dog has probably not eaten before. The receptor molecules in his body are therefore not sensitised to it, so it is unlikely to cause an allergic reaction. Hill’s Prescription Diet d/d™, for example, uses proteins such as salmon and duck.

From the Hills website

Slange -Snakes

Slangbyte

As n giftige slang jou hond pik, het jy n groot groot probleem. Nes met mense is slange se gif baie gevaarlik, en as jy n klein hondjie het is dit baie erger. As dit by ” first aid ” kom is jou veearts die beste en die enigste opsie vir jou hond om te oorleef.

Ter wille van verdere opsoekmoontlikhede, die res in Engels

GIFTIGE SLANGE VAN SUID AFRIKA:

  • Swart Mamba -Black Mamba

black-mamba

  • Groen Mamba – Green Mamba – alle mambas is giftig

1200px-Mamba_Dendroaspis_angusticeps.jpg

  • Kobras’- Cobras – alle Kobras is giftig

85331229-cobra-snake-preparing-to-attack

  • Rinkals

Rinkhals_7_web

  •  Pofadders- Puff Adder

Pofadder

  • Boomslang

download

Boomslang Snake - Showing fangs

  • Vine snake

Twig_Snake_3_web (1)

 

Twig_Snake_5_web

  • Viper Snake – alle Vipers is giftig

http://africansnakebiteinstitute.com/copper/index.php?cat=2

spitting-cobraTYPICAL SIGNS OF A VENOMOUS SNAKE BITE 

* Puncture wounds, with ore without bleeding.
* Painful area around the bite.
* Dog suffers from breathing problems.
* Extreme restlessness.
* Panting
* Drooling
* Diarrhea
* Uncoordinated gait
* Respiratory depression
* Shock
* Collapse
* Death- due to Respiratory Paralysis.
* The dogs behavior is also a sign.

Snake_bite_symptoms

493ss_getty_rm_snakebite_marks_on_skin

images (1)

 

A snake bite is very painful for dogs.
* Signs of enovenomation may take hours to appear, and that is caused by?
* time of year
* snake specie
* toxicity of the venom
* venom amount injected
* bite location
* size of the dog and the health of the dog

Swollen tissue and discolored tissue, this is caused by bleeding @ the side.
Severe venom is also known to occur within local reaction.

snakebite1

HOW SERIOUS IS A POISONING SNAKE BIT FOR YOUR DOG
It is undoubtedly a MEDICAL EMERGENCY, snake bites vary in severity.
(pets.webmd.com\dogs\insect-stings-s…)

FACTORS INCLUDING SEVERITY

* toxicity of the venom
* amount venom injected

If the bite is almost dry, that means a very little amount of venom has been injected.
* how swiftly the bite is treated
* the size of the dog

Smaller dogs are much more seriously affected, because the amount of venom injected per kg of body weight is much larger.

* Toxicity of the venom, determines the speed of its action and the effect it has on the dogs body.

* Cytotoxins  causes – tissue damage, and is also the cause of tissue death @ the bite side, it can also extend to the surrounding area. A Puff Adder bite is well known for this.

* Haemotoxins in the venom, cause blood clotting problems, so that causes internally and loose blood from all sites of the body,

Including,
* lungs
* gut
* kidneys
* gums
* eyes and the dogs* ears

THE BOOMSLANG

Boomslang Snake - Showing fangs

This bite damages the dogs nervous system, and
Causes
* Respiratory failure
* Brain damage,
and * Loss of muscle use, including the heart muscle.

THE COBRA

85331229-cobra-snake-preparing-to-attack

This bite is the most life threatening to dogs,
Cobra venom
Causes,
* Rapid Respiratory depression,
* Death can result very quickly.
With a Cobra bite, large volumes of Anti- venom are required and the dog may need ventilators to help breathing, while Anti-vonom work is in progress.

FIRST AID FOR YOUR DOG FOR POISONOUS SNAKE BITE

  1. https://www.africansnakebiteinstitute.com/snakebite/
  2. https://www.health24.com/Lifestyle/Man/Your-life/Snake-bites-what-to-do-20120721
  3. https://showme.co.za/lifestyle/first-aid-for-snakebite/

* A non poisonous snake bite can cause pain and infection, a venomos snake bite can be deadly, your pet can be dead within two hours.
* Dogs are much more sensitive to snake bites than cats.
* Most snake bites is in the face ore the neck.

NOW WHAT MUST I DO NOW

* Try and see which snake bit your dog, it will help if you can tell your vet, it will speed treatment up for your dog at the vet.
* Phone your emergency vet clinic asap.
* Do not try and panic
* Keep your dog as calm as possible, movement will circulate the venom faster.
* If the bite is on the neck, take the collar off, the collar will only hinder breathing.
* Take someone with you to keep your pet calm, ore to drive you to the vet.
* While transporting your dog, turn up the air conditioner as high as possible – the cold air will help slowing down the venom circulation.
DO NOT !
* Wash the wound.
* DO NOT – apply ice- ice damage tissue
* DO NOT – make cuts over the wound
* DO NOT -suck out the venom
Beware the venom of a poisonous snake can be deadly for up to @ hours after the snake is dead.
THEY KEY IN THIS SITUATION IS get to a vet asap!!!!!

WITH WHAT WILL MY VET TREAT MY DOG WITH??????

Treatment depends on the snake specie that bit your dog.
some of the treatment will be,
* Respiratory support
* Circulatory support
* Antihistamines
* Intravenous fluids
* Anti – venom

Snake species need a specific antivenom.
The earlier the anti venom is given, the better for your dog.
All dogs should be hospitalized after a snake bite for up to 24 hours.

Pierre van Niekerk©

 

 

Sweet by mense

Mense wat ‘n oormatige sweetklier-afskeiding ervaar, moet nie sommer net enige pil of raad aanvaar wat mense op Sosiale Media sonder toetsing aanbeveel nie.

Verkeerde medikasie gaan 99% van die kere ‘n immuunrespons veroorsaak en waarskynlik tot nog meer sweet as reaksie gaan hê.

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  1. Primêre Hiperdriosis

 Wanneer sweet geen onderliggende mediese oorsaak het nie, word dit, “Primêre Hiperdriose” genoem. Dit is ‘n toestand waar die senuwees verantwoordelik om sweet by die menslike liggaam te stimuleer, die snellerreaksie is en veroorsaak in die sweetkliere ooraktief raak oormatige sweetafskeiding stimuleer.

sudomotor

Dit is dus ‘n senuwee-reaksie wat die oorsaak is en wat ook al die senuwee (hormone) aanskakel. Onwyse raad en gebruik van medikasie wat onkundig aanbeveel word, kan die stimulasie van die senuwees bevorder.

intro-facial-sweating

Vele kere is dit juis die reukweerdermiddels en hul inhoudelike (alkohol en ander chemiese inhoudelike van reukweerder) wat die senu-stimulasie veroorsaak. Daar is ander stimulante ook soos ‘n liggaamsreaksie op seeppoeiers, wasgoedversagmiddels en soms ook die liggaam se reaksie teenoor materiaaltipes. Vroue en mans met nylononderklere.

Gooi die goed weg. Loop liewers sonder dit.

Types-of-reactions-in-the-body-smaller

Primêre hiperdriose kan ook oorerflik wees.

natural-treatment-for-excessive-sweating

  1. Sekondêre Hiperdriose

Wanneer sweet aan ‘n mediese toestand toegeskryf  word, word dit as “Sekondêre Hiperdriose” beskrywe in die Literatuur.

Mediese toestande wat met oormatige sweet assosieer word is;

  • Diebetiese toestande
  • Endokarditis (Infeksie van die hartsak intern)
  • Infeksies van vele oorsake wat ‘n immuunrespons meebring
  • Algemene angstigheid en angstoestande, vrese van soorte en fobies
  • Voorloper van ‘n hartaanvalle
  • Hitte
  • HIV/VIGS
  • Ooraktiewe skildklier (Hyperthyroidism)
  • Bloedkanker of leukemia
  • Malaria
  • Bosluisverwante koors
  • Bilharzia
  • Wurms in die maag
  • Medikasie se nagevolge, veral medikasie soos beta-blokeerders en anti-depressante
  • Menopause
  • Oorgewig
  • Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma
  • Stres
  • Tuberculosis

Can-Anxiety-Cause-Excessive-Sweating

  1. Moontlike oplossings

Oplossings kan gevind word, of dan voorkomende bestuurspraktyke, as die oorsaak van die sweet gevind word.

Vele van hierdie toestande se oorsake kan dalk aangespreek word deur na die volgende te kyk

leaky-gut-image

  1. Opsommend

Hierdie is nie n amptelike mediese opinie of stelling nie.

Die skoonmaak en instandhouding van die kolon en beter versorging van die lewer, limfvatstelsel en die inneem van genoegsame skoon water, stresbestuur asook die vermyding van chemiese substansies wat ‘n senureaksie kan veroorsaak, kan dalk verligting, antwoorde en oplossings bring vir sweetreaksies en sweettoestande by mense.

Genetic-and-environmental-factors-associated-with-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease

 

Panado- Deadly for Cats

PANADO

Paracetamol:

Skin rashes and other allergic reactions may occur.  The rash is usually erythematous or urticarial but sometimes more serious and may be accompanied by fever and mucosal lesions.  The use of paracetamol has been associated with the occurrence of neutropenia, pancytopenia and leucopenia.

Codeine:

Codeine may be habit forming. Codeine may cause nausea, vomiting, constipation, drowsiness, confusion, dry mouth, sweating, facial flushing, vertigo, bradycardia, palpitations, orthostatic hypotension, hypothermia, restlessness, change of mood and miosis.  Micturition may be difficult and there may be ureteric or biliary spasm.  Raised intracranial pressure may occur.  Reactions such as urticaria and pruritus may occur.

Codeine should be given with caution to patients with hypothyroidism, adrenocortical insufficiency, impaired liver function, prostatic hypertrophy or shock.  It should be used with caution in patients with inflammatory or obstructive bowel disorders.  The dosage should be reduced in elderly and debilitated patients.

http://home.intekom.com/pharm/adcock/panadoco.html

 

PANADO and PARACETAMOL – deadly for cats

According to a new study, paracetamol toxicity for cats may be due to an important hepatic enzymatic deficiency in this species.  Paracetamol is a potentially dangerous drug for cats.  Paracetamol is an analgesic drug often used in human medicine.  Most of the time, it is self-administered in order to relieve little pains without the need of a practitioners’ advice.  Moreover for people, this drug seems to be really easy to use and truly efficient; therefore it appears as a reflex to give paracetamol to their pets when they undergo fever or pain.  Cats are very sensitive to paracetamol: 250 mg could kill a cat.

However, what is good for us is not necessarily good for them.  If most owners know that chocolate can kill a dog they often ignore that paracetamol can poison their cats.  For these reasons, veterinarians regularly treat cats suffering from fever, mouth-watering, shivering, and comas: symptoms of paracetamol poisoning.

Paracetamol is specifically toxic for cat liver.  Cat liver is an essential organ to filter blood and avoid cat intoxication by xenobiotics (foreign molecules in the organism).  Indeed, liver drains an important part of the arterial flow and all the intestinal tract flow too.  Liver cells are very rich in hepatic enzymes which permit transformations in order to store or degrade xenobiotics.

Toxicity is not a question of molecule but a question of dose, so paracetamol could be toxic for any species.  However, paracetamol toxic dose are 3 to 5 times lower in cats compared with humans or dogs.  According to Michael H. Court and David J. Greenblatt, from Tufts University, Boston School of Medicine “Cat half-life paracetamol is prolonged”.

This means that paracetamol is not normally eliminated by the cat metabolism.  Furthermore, they noticed a significant formation of a ‘highly reactive oxidative component’ (paracetamol derivated molecule which could damage cells)/

An enzymatic deficiency is responsible for the poor paracetamol degradation.  In order to study this heightened sensitivity at paracetamol, Michael H. Court and David J. Greenblatt’s team tried to model cat paracetamol metabolism.  That is why they compared paracetamol degradation rapidity by hepatic enzymes in seven different species including cats.  At the same time, they assessed the degradation capacity of two types of laboratory rats: a witness group and another group with a hepatic enzymatic genetical deficiency.

This study first highlighted that enzyme maximum degradation rapidity is 10-fold lower for cats than for other animals.  This characteristic of the cat hepatic enzyme may be one of the major reasons of the cat’s exacerbated sensitivity to paracetamol.  Rat models gave the scientists a second reason explaining this sensitivity.

Indeed rats with a deficient expression of hepatic enzyme responsible of the paracetamol degradation had the same reaction as cats in the presence of paracetamol.  Thus, this rat models showed that cat paracetamol sensitivity may also be due to a lower level of expression of the cat hepatic enzyme.

Human drugs are not directly transposable to veterinary medicine. This new study explains at last an aspect of the cat paracetamol intoxication biological origin.  This article will permit the veterinarians to explain more clearly to their clients why they can’t give paracetamol to their cats.  Moreover, Aspirin and other anti-inflammatory drugs also have an important toxicity for cats.  So it appears very important to educate the pet owners: they should not give human drugs to their pets without asking advice of their veterinarian.

Journal reference: Biochemical Pharmacology, Vol. 53, pp. 1041-1047, 1997 Molecular basis for deficient acetaminophen glucuronidation in cats, Michael H. Court and David J. Greenblatt.

PARACETAMOL is a type of analgesic freely available from pharmacies, supermarkets and newsagents.  Some animals are very sensitive to paracetamol and even very small amounts can be extremely harmful to some pets.  Veterinary Poisons Information Service > Common poisons