Oral Health and Gut Health

You can’t see them, feel them or taste them, but your mouth is home to entire colonies of microorganisms. While most of these tiny oral bacteria do us no harm, there are other species in the mix that are disease causing and can affect our health and need to be controlled with a healthy diet, good oral care practices and regular visits to your dentist.


Over 700 different strains of bacteria have been detected in the human mouth, though most people are only host to 34 to 72 different varieties. Most of these bacterial species appear to be harmless when it comes to our health. Others, known as probiotics, are beneficial bacteria that aid in the digestion of foods. Other bacteria actually protect our teeth and gums. There are some bacteria, however, that we’d rather do without, since they cause tooth decay and gum disease.

The Two Most Common Harmful Bacteria

Streptococcus mutans is the bacteria you’ve probably heard the most about. It lives in your mouth and feeds on the sugars and starches that you eat. That alone wouldn’t be so bad, but as a by-product of its ravenous appetite, it produces enamel-eroding acids, which make streptococcus mutans the main cause of tooth decay in humans.

Porphyromonas gingivalis is usually not present in a healthy mouth, but when it does appear, it has been strongly linked to periodontitis. Periodontitis is a serious and progressive disease that affects the tissues and the alveolar bone that support the teeth. It is not a disease to be taken lightly. It can cause significant dental pain, and can eventually lead to tooth loss.


Managing Bacteria

Once you’ve got a strain of oral bacteria, you’re not likely to rid yourself of it. The good news is that you can manage and control the bacteria in your mouth with good oral care. Brushing after meals and flossing at least once per day can remove the source of food for harmful bacteria, which can keep them from reproducing in your mouth. Antibacterial mouthwash can also be used to keep your oral flora from taking over. Your diet also plays a role in managing bacteria. Avoiding sugary and starchy foods, especially when you don’t have access to a toothbrush, helps constrain bacterial growth. Also, eating foods that are known to promote healthy bacteria will help you keep your teeth and mouth healthy for a lifetime.


Common Mouth Bacteria

A bacterium that builds up on teeth makes gums prone to infection. Over time, inflammation and the chemicals it releases eat away at the gums and bone structure that hold teeth in place. The result is severe gum disease, known as periodontitis. Poor oral health can lead to digestive issues. More worryingly, bad bacteria present in your saliva travels to your digestive tract when you swallow. This can cause an imbalance in your digestive system and subsequently digestive problems that can cause problems in the rest of your body.


Poor oral health can lead to digestive issues

Digestive problems can take many forms ranging from acid reflux to constipation irritable bowel syndrome. Common causes of digestive issues include not chewing food thoroughly and eating too quickly.  That means the condition of your teeth and gums can have an impact on your digestive health.

The mouth plays an integral role in the digestive process as it’s where physical and chemical digestive processes begin. That means the condition of your teeth and gums can have an impact on your digestive health. It’s also interesting to note that gastrointestinal disorders can similarly affect your oral health.


Healthy teeth and gums help us to chew food properly, which leads to good digestion. Misalignment (very skew teeth), infection and missing teeth are some dental problems that affect our ability to chew food, with possible digestive issues down the line.

How gastrointestinal disorders can affect your teeth and gums

Given that the mouth is the start of our digestive tract, gastrointestinal disorders can contribute to problems in our teeth and gums. Here’s how 3 gastrointestinal disorders can have a negative effect on oral health.

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (Heartburn)

Commonly known as heartburn, gastroesophageal reflux disease causes people to experience a burning feeling in their chest or a bad taste in their mouth. Heartburn causes acids from the stomach to enter the oral cavity and these acids can erode tooth enamel. This is because acids from the stomach are more alkaline than dental enamel. Stomach acid has the potential to cause significant chemical erosion.

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To counteract heartburn, some people often use antacids and bismuth products which can lead to a harmless and temporary condition called the black hairy tongue. Black hairy tongue gives the tongue on a dark furry appearance. Good oral hygiene and stopping the consumption of antacids and bismuth can reverse this condition.

If you suffer from gastroesophageal reflux disease, let your dentist know. He or she may prescribe an oral rinse or recommend fluoride treatments in order to strengthen your teeth.


Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)

IBD which includes Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis, is defined as “chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract.” IBD can manifest itself in the oral cavity, particularly in paediatric cases. Some oral signs and symptoms of IBD include mouth sores and infections or bleeding or swollen gums.

Prescriptions for IBD can also affect your dental health some common medication for Crohn’s disease can cause dry mouth, gingivitis and tongue inflammation.

If you have IBD, let your dentist know and also disclose what medications you are taking. It is important so your dentist can take your medical condition into account when administering dental care. This may include measures such as monitoring your blood pressure and glucose levels, plus extra considerations when invasive dental procedures are indicated.

Peptic Ulcers

It is sores that develop in the lining of the stomach, lower oesophagus, or small intestine. If you’re suffering from peptic ulcers, it’s important to note that some of the medications used to treat the condition have side effects that can adversely affect your dental health. You may experience dry mouth, black tongue or a change in taste during the course of treatment.


In such cases, it’s important to inform your dentist about your prescriptions so that he or she can adjust your dental treatment as well as provide tailored advice on how to deal with those side effects. Be sure to also mention any over-the-counter medication that you take as certain drug interactions may worsen the side effects.

An infected tooth can result in the spread of infection to nearby parts of the body such as the jaw, neck, sinuses, and even the brain. Good oral and dental hygiene can help prevent bad breath, tooth decay and gum disease and can help you keep your teeth as you get older. An unhealthy mouth, especially if you have gum disease, may increase your risk of serious health problems such as heart attack, stroke, poorly controlled diabetes and preterm labor.


How does it work?

Though your saliva helps protect you against some invaders, it can’t always do the job. More than 500 species of bacteria thrive in your mouth at any given time. These bacteria constantly form dental plaque a sticky, colourless film that can cling to your teeth and cause health problems.

Your mouth as infection source!!

If you don’t brush and floss regularly to keep your teeth clean, plaque can build up along your gum line, creating an environment for additional bacteria to accumulate in the space between your gums and your teeth. This gum infection is known as gingivitis. Left unchecked, gingivitis can lead to a more serious gum infection called periodontitis. The most severe form of gum infection is called acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis, also known as trench mouth.


Bacteria from your mouth normally don’t enter your bloodstream. However, invasive dental treatments sometimes even just routine brushing and flossing if you have gum disease — can provide a port of entry for these microbes. Medications or treatments that reduce saliva flow and antibiotics that disrupt the normal balance of bacteria in your mouth can also compromise your mouth’s normal defences, allowing these bacteria to enter your bloodstream.

If you have a healthy immune system, the presence of oral bacteria in your bloodstream causes no problems. Your immune system quickly dispenses with them, preventing infection. However, if your immune system is weakened, for example because of a disease or cancer treatment, oral bacteria in your bloodstream (bacteraemia) may cause you to develop an infection in another part of your body. Infective endocarditis, in which oral bacteria enter your bloodstream and stick to the lining of diseased heart valves, is an example of this phenomenon.


  • Poorly controlled diabetes. If you have diabetes, you’re already at increased risk of developing gum disease. But chronic gum disease may, in fact, make diabetes more difficult to control, as well. Infection may cause insulin resistance, which disrupts blood sugar control.
  • Cardiovascular disease. Oral inflammation due to bacteria (gingivitis) may also play a role in clogged arteries and blood clots. It appears that bacteria in the mouth may cause inflammation throughout the body, including the arteries. This inflammation may serve as a base for development of atherosclerotic plaques in the arteries, possibly increasing your risk of a heart attack or stroke. Some research suggests that people with gum infections are also at increased risk of heart attack and stroke. The more severe the infection, the greater the risk appears to be. And gum disease and tooth loss may contribute to plaques in the carotid artery. In one study, 46 percent of participants who’d lost up to nine teeth had carotid artery plaque; among those who’d lost 10 or more teeth, 60 percent of them had such plaque.
  • Preterm birth. Severe gum disease may increase the risk of preterm delivery and giving birth to a low birth weight baby.  The theory is that oral bacteria release toxins, which reach the placenta through the mother’s bloodstream and interfere with the growth and development of the fetus. At the same time, the oral infection causes the mother to produce labour-triggering substances too quickly, potentially triggering premature labour and birth.


5 Tips to Keep Your Oral Flora and Good Mouth Bacteria in Balance

  1. Add more fibre to your diet, including prebiotic.
  2. Eat probiotic fermented foods.
  3. Brush and floss your teeth daily.
  4. If your gums bleed, book a dental appointment right away.
  5. Take an oral probiotic.


Info from the Practice of Dr Emayne en Marais in Pretoria, South Africa.

Pierre van Niekerk ©


Leaky gut (LGS)

“Leaky gut syndrome is a condition that affects your digestive system. In leaky gut syndrome, these tight junctions loosen, potentially allowing harmful substances like bacteria, toxins and undigested food particles to enter your bloodstream…”


Leaky Gut: Can This Overlooked Sickness Be Wrecking Your Health?

by Ronald Grisanti D.C., D.A.B.C.O., D.A.C.B.N., M.S.

Leaky Gut Syndrome (LGS) is a major cause of disease and dysfunction in modern society, accounts for at least 50% of chronic complaints, as confirmed by laboratory tests.


In LGS, the epithelium on the villi of the small intestine becomes inflamed and irritated, which allows metabolic and microbial toxins of the small intestines to flood into the blood stream. This event compromises the liver, the lymphatic system, and the immune response including the endocrine system.

Some of the most incurable diseases are caused by this exact mechanism, where the body. Gut Syndrome is often the real basis for chronic fatigue syndrome and pediatric immune deficiencies.


Leaky attacks its own tissues.

This is commonly called auto-immune disease.

It is often the primary cause of the following common conditions: asthma, food allergies, chronic sinusitis, eczema, urticaria, migraine, irritable bowel, fungal disorders, fibromyalgia, and inflammatory joint disorders including rheumatoid arthritis are just a few of the diseases that can originate with leaky gut. It also contributes to PMS, uterine fibroid, and breast fibroid.


Leaky Gut Syndrome is reaching epidemic proportions within the population. Historically, the only way bowel toxins entered the blood stream was through trauma, for example by sword or spear.


This quickly led to septicemia that might be treatable, or more probably, ended in death. Outside of trauma, the body maintained a wonderfully effective selective barrier in the small intestine, one that allowed nutrients to enter, but kept out metabolic wastes and microbial toxins rampant in the intestines.

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What Modern Event Allowed Such A Break-Down?

Primarily it has been antibiotics, secondarily non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs, Motrin, Aleve and Advil) with NSAIDs being the major cause of leaky gut because they so viciously inflame the intestinal lining, causing a widening of the spaces between cells and sometimes hemorrhaging.


Other common causes are chemotherapy, ingested alcohol, inhaled formaldehyde from a new carpet, food allergens, stress emotions, lactase deficiency, gluten/gliaden allergy, abnormal gut flora (bacteria, parasites, yeasts).

The first antibiotic, penicillin, did not enter mainstream health care until 1939. Since the 50’s and 60’s, antibiotic use has been frantically prescribed for every infection and inflammation, particularly pediatric ear infection, bronchitis, and sore throat.


It is sadly ironic that most of these infections are viral in nature, and not only are the antibiotics damaging, but they are ultimately unnecessary. Antibiotics should be considered a hospitalization level medicine, when bacteria have entered the blood, bone, or organ.

Antibiotics Destroy Beneficial Bacteria

Antibiotics create their damage in two ways. The first is by destroying beneficial bacteria. The small intestine and large intestine host over five hundred different kinds of beneficial bacteria. These bacteria perform hundreds of functions required for healthy metabolism and immune response.


Through enzyme secretions, bacteria transform metabolic and microbial wastes before they are discharged by the body. These wastes include cellular debris, hormones, chemical wastes, bile, pus accumulations, viral toxins, bacterial toxins, etc.


For example, the body creates bile not only as a lubricant to flush wastes out of the liver, but also, to detoxify many of the poisons accumulating in the liver. Bile however is extremely damaging to large intestine epithelium.

When bile enters the small intestine via the common bile duct, beneficial bacteria break the bile salts down into a less toxic compound, making it non-dangerous by the time it reaches the large intestine.


When you take antibiotics you destroy these bacteria and the bile salts freely enter and damage the large intestine. I believe this contributes significantly to the high incidence of colon cancer plaguing today’s society.

Beneficial bacteria also break down hormone secretions that are discharged from the liver to the small intestine. If you lack the bacteria to break down estrogen and the intestinal permeability has been altered, the patient is now reabsorbing estrogens in their original state.


The body will deposit these in estrogen sensitive areas such as the breast, uterus, or ovaries, contributing, if not causing, fibroids and tumors. The same scenario is responsible for premenstrual syndrome as well.

Healthy mucosa allows nutrients to pass the barrier while blocking the entry of toxins.

With leaky gut, the barrier is dysfunctional, blocking nutrients at the damaged villi while permitting toxins to enter the blood stream.


Antibiotics Promote the Growth of Fungus

The second way antibiotics damage the intestines is by fostering the growth of Candida albicans and other pathogenic fungi and yeast. This event, more than any other, precipitates Leaky Gut Syndrome.


In a healthy situation the small intestine epithelium maintains tight cell junctions, which contributes to the physical barrier involved in intestinal absorption. In addition to the physical barrier, there is an important chemical barrier within the mucus that contains immune agents, which neutralize any toxin that comes in contact.

Candida exudes an aldehyde secretion, which causes small intestine epithelial cells to shrink. This allows intestinal toxins to infiltrate through the epithelium and into the blood. The secondary barrier – immune agents in the epithelial mucus – remain the sole agent for neutralization.

Eventually, the immune system becomes exhausted rising to this challenge.

The damage done by Candida is to the intestinal epithelial barrier, allowing the absorption of serious toxic agents and chemicals, which then enter the blood and affect numerous organs, including the brain.


Food Allergies: The Complicating Factor

When the integrity of the intestinal barrier has been compromised, intestinal toxins are not the only pathogens to be absorbed. The barrier, in a healthy state, selectively allows digested nutrients to enter the small intestine when all is ready.

With leaky gut, nutrients can be absorbed before they are fully digested. The body’s immune response, through specific antigen-antibody markers, will tag some of these foods as foreign irritants.


Every time that particular food touches the epithelia, an inflammatory immune response is mounted which further damages the epithelial lining. What started as a Candida irritation with shrinking of the cells has now been complicated with active inflammation every time a particular food is eaten.

Food allergies are a common secondary problem to Candida, and if present, will maintain the leaky gut continuously, even if the Candida is eradicated.


The most common food allergies are dairy, eggs, gluten grains (wheat, oats, rye), corn, beans (especially soy), and nuts. There are seldom real allergies to meat, rice, millet, vegetables, or fruit, although an allergy to garlic is not uncommon.

We have to distinguish a real allergy – that which causes a histamine inflammatory reaction at the site of the small intestine (SI) epithelia – from sensitivity, which may cause uncomfortable symptoms, but seldom is damaging.


Sensitivities are usually due to low stomach acid or pancreatic enzyme secretion, that is, poor digestion.

In the healing of the intestinal lining, exposure to a significant allergy can sabotage the treatment. For example, one may be very good at restricting wheat, dairy and eggs, but then compromises the treatment by taking garlic tablets.

The Role of the Liver and Lymphatic System

The metabolic and microbial toxins that enter the bloodstream during leaky gut end up in the liver, which has the job of detoxifying and discharging the poisons. Under normal conditions, the liver is taxed just by processing the daily metabolic wastes created by cell and organ activity.


Imagine the further load created by dumping serious intestinal toxins on a regular basis. There is a point when the liver becomes saturated; it cannot further detoxify the poisons, and they are returned to the blood circulation.

The blood has sophisticated mechanisms for preserving chemical homeostasis, and will diffuse as much of the toxic chemicals and physical debris into the interstitial fluids as is possible. From here the lymphatic system will attempt to collect and neutralize the toxins, but unable to send the toxins to the liver, the body essentially becomes toxic.

Microbes grow and develop, hence there can be chronic lymphatic swelling, especially in children. Over a period of time, toxins will be forced into distal connective tissue around muscles and joints, causing fibromyalgia, or into the cells, which can precipitate genetic mutation and ultimately cancer.

Stress to the Immune and Endocrine Systems

The immune system is stressed in three major ways. First is at the site of the intestinal mucosa. As toxins and food antigens brush up against the mucosa, the immune system mobilizes to neutralize the toxins. Normally, much of this work would have been done by beneficial bacteria, which have been destroyed by antibiotics.

For toxins that make it to the mucosa, the body will tag them with a chemical secretory IgA (SIgA), which attracts macrophages and other white blood cells to consume the toxins. It is not long before this immune response is overwhelmed and depleted.


This can be measured directly with a stool or saliva test for the intestinal SIgA level.

The second stressor happens in the liver and lymphatic system, which, also overwhelmed, puts demands on the immune system. The third stressor is a consequence: as the immune response diminishes, more microbes (viruses, bacteria, and fungi) multiply, allowing for a chronic state of infection.

The most important organ in the production of immune agents seems to be the adrenal gland, and Leaky Gut Syndrome slowly diminishes adrenal function. In the early and middle stages, there is actually an adrenal excess, as measured by excess cortisol output. Eventually, cortisol levels drop, and one now has exhaustion.

The Role of the Digestive Tract

Candida flourishes when the terrain in the intestines favors it. Just killing Candida is usually not successful, because the chemistry and vitality of the terrain has not been normalized, and Candida returns.

Antibiotics are the original cause of the change on the terrain. By killing acid forming bacteria (Lactobacillus bacteria produce lactic acid, for example), the environment becomes alkaline, which promotes Candida.

Antibiotics and chronic illness reduce stomach acid production, contributing to the alkalinity, and also allowing poor digestive absorption. In fact, many people with LGS are malnourished and will lose excessive weight, no matter how healthy the food is that they eat.

The idea that lactobacillus supplementation is all that is required after antibiotics is somewhat delusional; in fact most of the lactobacillus from supplementation does not survive in the intestine, due to poor terrain. Just to make sure you have a full understanding of the seriousness of Leaky Gut, the following is a summary:


  • When the gut is inflamed it does not secrete digestive enzymes to digest foods properly or absorb nutrients and foods properly. The result can indigestion with gas and bloating, called irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).
  • When large food particles are absorbed, food allergies and new symptoms are created (e.g., IBS, gallbladder disease, arthritis or fibromyalgia).
  • When the gut is inflamed, carrier proteins are damaged, so malabsorption and nutrient deficiencies occur.These deficiencies slow down the ability of the gut to heal and can cause any number of other symptoms (e.g., magnesium deficiency induced angina or gut spasms, chromium deficiency induced high cholesterol or sugar cravings, zinc deficiency induced prostatitis or lack acid formation)
  • When the detoxification pathways that line the gut are compromised, chemical sensitivity can arise. Furthermore, the leakage of toxins overburderns the liver so that the body is less to handle everyday chemicals in foods, water and air.
  •  Now many foods can cause symptoms that never did before, because the gut’s detoxification (liver) system is unable to cope with the hundreds of chemical additives, dyes, colorings, preservatives and pesticides common in our foods.
  • When the gut lining is inflamed, the protective coating of the gut antibodies can be lost. With loss of the secretory immunoglobulin A (SigA), the body becomes more vulnerable to infections in the intestines from bacteria, viruses, parasites and yeast and they become resistant to treatment.
  • Ironically, the more resistant the bugs become, the more-high powered antibiotics doctor prescribe, resulting in more overgrowth of resistant fungi (Candida). As the unwanted bugs grow, the gut gets more inflamed and leaky initiating a vicious cycle of worsening condition and major cause of so many incurable diseases.
  • When the intestinal lining is inflamed, bacteria and yeast can translocate. In other words, they can pass from the gut cavity into the blood stream and set up infection anywhere else in the body, including the brain. This is often the mysterious and undiagnosed cause of infections in the teeth and gums, bones, prostate, bladder and sinuses.
  • With the formation of antibodies, the food antigens that leak across the gut wall can sometimes resemble the natural antigens on tissues. Protective antibodies will then attack the antigens, as they should and the tissues, causing further damage.

It is the very reason why auto-immune diseases begin. Lupus, multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, myocarditis, iritis and thyroiditis are some of the members of this ever-growing category of mysteriously incurable auto-immune diseases.

Ron Grisanti, D.C., D.A.B.C.O., M.S.  is a board certified chiropractic orthopedist with a master’s degree in nutritional science from the University of Bridgeport.  He is past chairman of the South Carolina Chiropractic Peer Review and serves on the South Carolina Chiropractic Investigative Committee.  His 27 years of clinical practice has positioned him as an authority in the management of a variety of chronic health conditions such as fibromyalgia, arthritis, digestive disorders, anxiety and other common ailments. He has authored two books on the functional medical management of arthritis and obesity, and has authored well over 1,000 articles including the following, some of which have been published in leading chiropractic journals.


Pierre@ Natural Health Clay masks


We are without question living in a highly industrialized environment. Various pollutants of many sources propel free radicals into the air that we breathe. We inhale these toxins into our lungs and many of these free radicals find their way onto our skin. Not only do we inhale these pollutants, toxins and free radicals, we collect various airborne viruses, fungi and bacteria onto our hands and faces just being outside in a industrialised environment.

Not only is the physical environment responsible for creating free radicals harmful and dangerous to man and animal, man and animal are their own natural producers of free radicals.

Whatever the cause or origin of free radicals are in the physical environment we live in, or the free radicals generated by the human or animal body, free radicals are part and parcel of personal health care and all people should be aware off.


Free radicals have a profound negative effect on human and animal health. Only sound knowledge of what free radicals are, will enable a person to protect him or herself from the harmful effects of free radicals.

In skin care, dealing with free radicals, it is all about effective preventative care.

Preventative skin care will support the growth factors in the and keep the skin vibrant and alive. It will also enable the little engines in the skin cell that support health and growth, to function optimal. Skin renewal is all about supporting the telomeres in each and every cell. Healthy telomeres will support cell longevity and cell rejuvenation abilities.

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External Free Radicals.

There are many external sources of free radicals. It is a subject well published. Here are a few that could be studied in own time with their harmful effects.

  • Industrial manufacturing smoke
  • chemical evaporation of industrial solvents
  • herbicides
  • insecticides
  • petro-chemical gasses
  • nicotine
  • radiation
  • ozone
  • certain drugs
  • heavy metal deposits in dams, rivers and the sea.

Internal Free Radicals

Equally to external free radicals, there are many free radicals generated by man and animal by their mere existence. Such an example is breathing.

Breathing turns oxygen into carbon dioxide or CO², which is also a free radical. One generated internally. This production of free radicals is known as “Oxidation,” and obvious, with its origin in the respiratory chain of anything that breathes.

Breathing provides necessary oxygen to each and every living cell.


All living cells which do not receive the required amount of oxygen, will struggle in all aspects of its survival and functionality. Any living cell deprived of oxygen will starve as well as not being able to keep the skin healthy, promotes cell growth and or be functional in cell replacement or rejuvenation.

A second source of free radical production is the waste generated from using minerals, vitamins, amino acids and sugars. A healthy cell needs shed one-use waste effectively back into the bloodstream, back to the liver to deal with the self-generated waste or free radicals.


Free radicals are part and part of the system. Cells are in constant need of food and oxygen. All living organisms have a disposal system or an “exhausts” of sorts. Waste needs to be filtered into the blood stream, to be dealt with by the kidneys, lungs, liver, lymphatic system etc.,


  • The human body is composed of many different types of cells.
  • These cells are invented with various different types of molecules.
  • Molecules consist of one or more atoms
  • Of one or more elements
  • These elements are joined by chemical bonds or reactions.


water molekule

A chemical bond is the attraction between atoms that enables the formation of chemical compounds such as water.

  • Atoms, as Fig 2 will indicate, consist of a nucleus, neutrons, protons and electrons.
  • An atom is known as the basic unit of a chemical element.
  • Every solid, every liquid, gas and or plasma is composed of neutral or ionised atoms.
  • Every atom is composed of a nucleus and one or more electrons bound to the nucleus.
  • The nucleus is made of one or more protons and typically, a similar number of neutrons.
  • Protons and neutrons are called nucleons. More than 99.94% of an atom’s mass is in the nucleus.
  • The protons have a positive electrical charge, the electrons have a negative electric charge, and the neutrons have no electric charge.

The number of protons in the atom nucleus, (also known as positively charged particles) determines the number of electrons (negatively charged particles) surrounding the atom.

  • Electrons are involved in chemical reactions.
  • It is the substance that bonds atoms together to form molecules.

atome en molekules

Fig 2

  • The bond may result from the electrostatic force of attraction between oppositely charged ions, as in ionic bonds, or through the sharing of electrons as in covalent bonds.
  • Opposite charges attract via a simple electromagnetic force.
  • The negatively charged electrons orbit the nucleus
  • The positively charged protons in the nucleus, attract the negatively charged electrons that orbits the nucleus.

How Free Radicals Are Formed

  • Electron, or the bond between molecules, seldom split in a way that leaves a molecule with an unpaired electron.
  • It is only when a weak bond split, where free radicals are formed.
  • Free radicals are unstable molecules, formed from weak bonds
  • It is a molecule in search of completeness, therefore reacts rapidly with other compounds.
  • It is the nature of free radicals to capture the wanted electron to gain stability.
  • Free radicals attack the nearest stable molecule, “stealing” its electron.
  • When the “attacked” molecule loses its electron, it becomes a free radical itself
  • This cause a chain reaction between molecules of stealing available electrons.
  • Once this process of stealing electrons from other molecule starts, it most often ends in the death of a cell.
  • In skin care, the rapid aging of a living cell.
  • Many free radicals are generated by the body itself, because we breathe and we eat.
  • The immune system itself purposefully create free radicals to neutralize viruses and bacteria.


There are three sources of free radical production;

  • The living body of man and animal will generate free radicals by mere existence.
  • Nature herself provide a number free radicals in bacteria, viruses and fungi
  • The industrialized world produces a number of harmful free radicals traced in soil or food production, in our rivers, the air that we breathe, the food sources we have in the sea.

Living Organisms and Free Radicals

When all is equal, the human body and the immune system should be able to successfully manage and dispose the free radicals.  But, to eliminate these free radicals successfully, the body needs antioxidants to eliminate these harmful molecules.

Of particular importance to note that free radical damage accumulates with age.


Free radicals will accumulate in many places of the body. If the accumulation thereof is not dealt with appropriately, those free radicals will cause illness or damage to cell structures, cell proteins, DNA, and cell membranes by stealing their electrons through “Oxidation

Free Radicals are therefore associated with;

  • Cellular and organ damage
  • Early ageing
  • Decreased immune system
  • Collagen weakening or connective tissue weakening and wrinkle forming
  • Artery wall degeneration
  • Cholesterol plague build up
  • Reduction of blood flow to all cells, brain and other organs
  • Blood clots
  • Stress on the hearts functionality because of damage cells
  • Various chronic diseases
  • Cancer
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Arthritis
  • Lupus
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Impaired vision and cataracts
  • Inflammatory diseases and joint pains
  • Grey hair
  • Headaches
  • Fatigue
  • Cardiovascular diseases
  • Diabetes

Note: it is in health and skin care important to note that the body is under constant attack from various “Oxidative stress”.


To Recap

  • “Oxidative stress is something that happens naturally inside our cells as these cells use oxygen turning into carbon dioxide, food and mineral sources turning into waste.”
  • The human body is made up of trillions of cells.
  • Inside each and every cell (except red blood cells) is a tiny “engine” called a mitochondrion.
  • The mitochondria create the energy your bodies use to function, to be awake, to sleep, to digest, to think, to breathe.
  • All body functions are dependent on the health of the mitochondrion
  • In all health care, every little cell that has a function towards health.
  • Mitochondria produce oxidative stress.
  • Living cell needs to get rid of used food waste, toxins generated, carbon dioxide as well as harvested bacteria, viruses and fungi
  • Many organs in the body plays a vital role in getting rid of these oxidative waste products in their normal functioning.
  • Study the functions of the lungs, the liver, kidneys, lymph and the digestive system, etc.,

See these by-products as in a motor vehicle “engine” analogy. It running engine needs to get rid of its “oxidative stresses” and by-products. All engines need an exhaust to do so and so does living cells to.

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Oxidative stress is associated with the damage of proteins, lipids and nucleic acids.  Free radicals are known to damage the cell’s DNA instructional code, causing new cells provided by the immune system to grow erroneously whilst leading to the early aging of the skin

If the body, with its immune system do not have enough “anti-oxidants” to assist functional cells with their natural detoxing processes, the accumulation of free radicals will ensure that the cell’s exhaust will block. Blockage will lead to a dysfunctional mitochondrion, a decrease in cell energy production, the starvation of cells, etc.

Various studies have connected oxidative stress by free radicals also to:

  • central nervous system diseases, such as Alzheimer’s and other dementia’s
  • cardiovascular disease due to clogged arteries
  • autoimmune and inflammatory disorders, such as rheumatoid arthritis and cancer
  • cataracts and age-related vision decline
  • age-related changes in appearance, such as loss of skin elasticity, wrinkles, greying hair, hair loss, and changes in hair texture
  • diabetes
  • genetic degenerative diseases, such as Huntington’s disease or Parkinson’s
  • many skin problems as in sores, wounds, acne, in wrinkles, in skin thinning and or thickening, can be associated with skin cells in a dysfunctional state.

Preventative skin care is therefore critical matter of knowledge.

Pierre @ Natural Health Facial mask, anti-oxidant cream and colostrum Balm

It makes sense to focus on the mitochondria or little engine of facial skin cell in facial skin care. The mitochondria are tiny organelles in cells that process the nutrients to power the cell.


Pierre van Niekerk

To assist the mitochondria and the telomeres into maximal functioning, the harvesting excessive free radicals naturally (remember they have a positive electrical charge) through electromagnetic means, whilst these free radicals are in search for another electron, makes perfectly sense.

Free radicals, as said, are positively charged. The Pierre@ Natural health bentonite blend of clay are negatively charged. This blend of negatively charged clay will act as a highly charged magnet, absorbing the positively charged free radicals naturally into the clay blend.  It will naturally “detox” the affected area where free radicals did accumulate, place needed natural sodium and calcium back into the cells that the cell engine or mitochondria need.

The question should be asked why this method?

Let us have a look at the function of Antioxidants and their natural reaction to known free radicals

  • Antioxidants, as in the Pierre@ Natural Health blend of clay, are blend to keep accumulated free radicals on the skin in check.
  • Antioxidants are molecules in the clay prevent free radicals accumulated on the skin from taking electrons and causing further skin damage and destruction.
  • Antioxidants in the cream are a blend of vitamins and related molecules that prevent free radicals from taking electrons from skin cells disturbing cell functioning and causing damage.
  • Antioxidants are able to give an electron to a free radical, without becoming destabilized themselves, thus stopping a free radical chain reaction as explained.
  • Antioxidants are natural substances who are used and contracted to clean up and harvest free radicals.
  • Fibre in the intestines are used to clean up waste products in the intestines. Antioxidants in the same token are used to clean up free radical in the cells.
  • Free radical chain reaction can lead to broken cell membranes which means it can alter what enters and what exits the cells
  • Free radicals are able to change the structure of a lipid, making it more likely to become trapped in an artery.
  • Damaged molecules may mutate and grow tumours
  • The cascading damage of free radicals are also able to change the DNA code of a cell.


Skin cell care

Feed the cells with the Pierre@ Natural Colostrum Balm. Colostrum is Nature’s own food, well known and proven to regrow and revitalise skin cells. Also known that it will stimulate and enhance natural cell growth. Colostrum will feed and stimulate the telomeres in the cells, repair the DNA to rejuvenate the skin and natural cell functions.

Rika Barnard experience

Lizette Joubert Venter’s experience

Lizette Leeudoringstad

Internal Free Radical Care

We are what we eat. We need to assist our skin, the biggest organ of the body, with what we eat. We also need to get rid of the free radicals our bodies produce naturally. External skin care is not merely enough.

To follow..

Bakteriese Velsiektes (Pyoderma)


Pyoderma is bakteriese infeksies van huisdiere wat op die vel geprojekteer word. Dit kom baie algemeen op honde voor maar is nie algemeen te vinde op katte nie.

  1. Oorsaak

Veltoestande by diere is grootliks ‘n sekondêre probleem, wat beteken dat dit die gevolg is van ‘n ander probleem wat volledig aangespreek moet word om die probleem in sy kern te smoor. Moontlik is die heel belangrikste ‘n gesonde immuniteitstelsel wat deur goeie voeding en higiëne ondersteun word.


  1. Myte as deel van die velprobleem

Myte op huisdiere is ‘n natuurlike toestand. Myte se mees effektiewe behandeling of teenmiddel is ‘n dier se gesonde immuunstelsel wat hul werkinge in geheel onderdruk.

  1. Permanensie van velsiektes

Hierdie veltoestande is selde fataal. Of hul heeltemal gesond gedokter kan word met behandeling en middels, bly ‘n ope vraag. Dat hul beheer en bestuur kan word is so, maar dit vereis dat daar deurlopend hieraan aandag gegee sal word met middels omdat hierdie velstoestande in chroniese permanente veltoestande (pyoderma) ontwikkel.


  1. Begrip

Diere-eienaars en veeartse is soms in konflik met mekaar oor die veltoestande. Die oorsaak is nie werklik met die oog waarneembaar nie en moderne diagnostiese toetse moet gedoen word om die probleem en oorsaak te bepaal. Soms het die eienaar nie die geld om hierdie diagnostiese toetse te laat doen nie en moet die veearts of kundige persoon sy beste doen om die saak aan te spreek.

  1. Tipe veltoestande of Pyodermas

5.1 Aknee: Net soos in die geval van mense kan honde ook aknee kry in hul puberteit in die omgewing van die ken en lippe, op die maag en tussen die bene.

5.2 “Hot spots”: Ook bekend as ekseem, nat kolle, dermatitus of “Pyotraumatiese dermatitus”. Hierdie toestand is ‘n seisoenale probleem en is gewoonlik waarneembaar by diere wanneer dit by nat, klam en warm toestande kom. Bakterie van die omgewing vestig hul in die ideale omstandighede dan ook op die vel. Diere byt, skuur en krap die vel om van die bakteriese nawerking en juk ontslae te raak en versprei so die bakterie verder op die wond van die vel. Dit kan na groot oppervlaktes versprei binne ‘n dag of twee.

5.3 Follikulitus: Ook bekend wanneer ‘n dier se vel voue het en dermatitus of ontsteking daar ontstaan. Nog ‘n naam vir die toestand is “Pustulêre pyoderma”, wat by tye kan opvlam en ontsteek van algemene en/of normale ander bakterie van die vel. Dit is minder dramaties as bogenoemde en ontstaan veral wanneer diere aan mekaar se velle raak, soos by die vulva, die stert en anale area. Sharpei tipe honde met velle in die gesig is gewoonlik die meer vatbare tipe diere. Lewenslange versorging en higiëne is belangrik by hierdie tipe diere.


5.4 Pyoderma (tussen die tone), “Puppy strangles”, drukpunt pyoderma (callus), peri-anale en algemene pyoderma. Al hierdie toestande neem baie lank om te heel en frustreer mens en dier. Die probleem mag herhaaldelik te voorskyn kom nadat dit die eerste keer op ‘n dier waargeneem is. Suksesvolle behandeling beteken nie dat die probleem vir eens en altyd opgelos is nie.

5.5 Seborrhoea is ‘n veltoestand met verskeie vorme. By mense word dit skilfers genoem. Die vel is rooi, met matige inflammasie, olierig, en het ‘n skilferagtige kors. Die toestand word veroorsaak deur oormatige sebum afskeidings (olieklier afskeidings), wat normaalweg sou verhoed dat die vel verdroog en dat daar haarverlies plaasvind. Dit is ‘n lewenslange toestand en vereis honde eienaarskap wat bereid is om te aanvaar.

  1. Oorsake van bakteriese velprobleme en kondisies

Die baie bekende “Stapylococci “ bakterie (Staph bakterie) is van die mees algemene organismes wat gevind word in bakteriese velsiektes of kondisies. Gelukkig is hierdie siektetoestand nie oordraagbaar na mense toe nie


7. Voorkoming is beter as beheer

  1. Die meeste velverwante probleme is, soos genoem, sekondêr. Dit beteken dat dit dalk nooit sou ontstaan het as siekteverwante organismes soos vlooie, bosluise, groepe wurms, virussiektes en bakteriese omstandighede voorkomend bestuur is nie.
  2. Bydraend tot dit kan daar wel genetiese faktore wees wat ‘n rol speel, hormonale disfunksies of abnormaliteite in die immuunsisteem. Wanneer bakteriese infeksies opduik, speel kundige persone soos jou veearts wat verskeie toetse kan uitvoer, ‘n belangrike rol in die beheer en bestuur daarvan.
  3. Die belangrikste hiervan is om vas te stel wat hierdie velreaksies veroorsaak. Dit kan tekorte in minerale en vitamienes wees soos sink, kos wat nie deur die hond se dermkanale opgeneem word nie en bloot uitgeskei word wat veroorsaak dat die hond tegnies honger ly en sy immuunsisteem onder druk kom, gluten reaksies van koring en meelprodukte, kleurstowwe, preserveermiddels, vlooie, wurms, materiale en om die dier daarvan te skei.
  4. Laastens, goeie higiëne met produkte wat veilig vir diere en hoogs effektief teen hul kieme is, is die antwoord. Nie boererate en selfaangemaakte brousels nie. Dit verhard net die weerstandigheid van die kieme wat mens wil beheer.


Pierre van Niekerk © 2018

Rooi Gis of “Red Yeast”



Rooi Gis (Red Yeast)

Rooi gis (‘red yeast’), ‘n tipe gis/swam ook bekend as ptyrosporin, pityrosporum of malassezia, ontwikkel in die klam omgewing rondom jou hond se oog wanneer hy te veel trane produseer of probleme ondervid met traan dreinering.

Terwyl hierdie gis natuurlik p die vel verskyn, laat die gedurige klammigheid dit toe om meer te gedy as wat normaalweg sou gebeur. Soos die naam aandui, vlek ‘red yeast’ die pels ‘n rooierige kleur en veroorsaak vel irritasies en ‘n onaangename reuk.

Terwyl behandeling van die gis sal help om die vlekke en irritasies te elimineer, sal dit nie die probleem oplos nie – dit gebeur as gevolg van jou dier se oormatige traan produksie of onvermoë van die traankliere om behoorlik te funksioneer. Sonder om hierdie probleem op te los, sal die gis voortgaan om weer tevoorskyn te kom en te sweer, selfs al behandel jy die infeksie met antifungale middels of medisinale vooraf geweekte oogdeppers.

Die oorsaak van rooi gis is ‘n toestand bekend as ‘epiphora’, waarin die trane van jou dier se oë gedurig oorspoel op die pels in sy gesig.

Sommige honde word gebore met oorerflike probleme met hul traankliere, wat behoorlike dreinering van die trane deur die neus en keel bemoeilik. Ander produseer oormatige trane as gevolg van irritasies wat veroorsaak word deur bakteriële oog infeksies of oog wimpers wat in die oë groei.

Hierdie hare krap die binnekant van die oog wat lei tot rooiheid, inflammasie en trane. Maar dit maak nie saak wat die probleem is nie, jy sal jou veearts moet besoek om die oorsaak van die toestand te bepaal; anders sal jy permanent probleme ondervind met traan vlekke and rooi gis.


Pierre van Niekerk

Probiotika: 1

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Die kos wat ons eet, moet ten doel hê om al die belangrike voedingstowwe te bevat om die liggaam in sy totaliteit te voed. Voeding word beskou as die bron en die boustene om die liggaam energie te verskaf, liggaamselle en organe te voed, herstel te laat plaasvind en die immuunsisteem te voed om sy werk te doen.


Voedsel wat ingeneem word, bestaan uit ‘n verskeidenheid molekules wat chemies en fisies aan mekaar verbind is. Die vertering en afbreek (verrotting) van voedsel in die spysverteringskanaal het ten doel om hierdie chemiese en fisiese verbindings af te breek in individuele voedingstowwe in so ‘n vorm dat die liggaam die verskillend nutriënte dit kan opneem.


Eenvoudig gestel beteken spysvertering dat voedsel afgebreek word tot in molekulêre vorms tot waar die liggaam instaat is om dit as voedsel op te neem.



Die meganika van die spysverteringstel, alhoewel eenvoudig verduideik, is in wese baie kompleks.

Digestive System Of Female Human The Digestive System - Biology Of Humans

Vertering vind in die spysverteringskanaal plaas. Die spysverteringskanaal strek van die mond, die slukderm, die maag, deur die dermkanale tot by die anus. Wat ook al geëet word, beweeg met prosesse deur die stelsel tot waar dit deur en in die dermkanaal opgeneem word. ‘n Lengte van ongeveer 9 meter, van die slukderm (esophagus) tot die anus.


Die dermkanaal dien as skild.

Die kos wat ingeneem word, moet eers deur die spysverteringskanaal opgebreek word in molekules voordat dit deur die dermkanaal opgeneem kan word. Kos wat dus ingeneem word, kan met die “skild” van die dermkanaal beskou word as nog “buite” die liggaam.



Deel van die spysverteringsproses is die selektiewe deurlaat van afgebreekte voedingstowwe deur die selwande van die dermkanaal. Vandaar beweeg dit deur die bloedstroom na alle selle van die liggaam, organe om orgaanfunksies te verseker, energie te verskaf, brein-en hormoonfunksies te stimuleer.


Een funksie wat beklemtoon kan word, is die herstel en vervanging van beseerde spiere en afgestorwe selle in die liggaam wat belangrike funksies vervul. As voorbeeld kan die vervanging van lewerselle genoem word, asook die vel, wat twee van die grootste organe in die liggaam is.


Die verteringsproses

Voedsel se molekulêre strukture vir opname deur die dermkanaal verskil in grootes en kom in verskillende strukture, verbindings en vorms voor.


‘n Eenvoudige verduideliking sou wees om in jou geestesoog ‘n klomp kettings van verskillende grotes en lengtes en vorms opgerol in chemiese verbindings wat die kettings vashou in ‘n bondel te sien.

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Spysvertering sou dan die proses wees om in menslike prosesse die bondel opgerolde ketting met meganiese en chemiese prosesse te ontrafel en oop te ontvou. Te ontrafel dat die molekulêre strukture alleen, enkel en apart van mekaar staan sodat dit opgeneem kan word.


Die mens sou in sy spsyverteringstelsel die ketting kou in stukke, meng met alkaliese speeksel, sluk en afbreek in die maag met swembadsuur in die maag, dan in die dermkanaal verder met ensieme opbreek, wat dan uiteindelik in ‘n nuwe ketting in ‘n nuwe vorm as boustene vir die liggaam verskyn.


Voedselsoorte het verskillende tipe molekules

Voedselstrukture bestaan uit verskillende komplekse molekules en ook soorte. Dit bestaan uit die groot molekules soos proteienes, stysels, middelgroote molekules soos vette en dan baie kleiner molekules soos vitamienes, minerale, suikers en phytonutriënte (plante se voedingstowwe), wat belangrike faktore van beskerming bevat vir die liggaam.


Die punt is, die liggaam vir goeie gesondheid al hierdie komplekse voedselstrukture se voedingstowwe nodig. Elke voedselsoort en elke molekule het eie unieke wyses en maniere waarop dit opgebreek moet word. voordat dit as voedsel of nutriënt deur die dermkanaal opgeneem kan word.



Die inname van proteiene, wat afgebreek word in die dermkanaal deur ensieme in aminosure, verskaf belangrike boustene in die liggaam se voortdurende proses van groei en herstel van die liggaam.


Die oorgrote meerderheid van die liggaam se strukturêle weefsel bestaan uit proteiene. Dit is die skelet, senings en ook weefsel. Vir die rede is die innaame van genoegsame hoeveelhede proteien vir hul gesondheid ‘n belangrike faktor. Proteiene is betrokke by  byna elke funksie van die liggaam.

Acid protection of probiotic bacteria via capsules


Ensieme is ook proteiene. Ensieme vervul feitlik elke funksie in die liggaam soos die herstel van beskadigde weefsel en ook die verwydering daarvan. Ensieme is ook boodskappers in die liggaam. Dit vervoer hormone van een plek na ‘n ander en is aktief in nodige selkommunikasie tussen selle van die liggaam se DNA.

Die liggaam het as lewende organisme nodig om voortdurend nuwe proteiene te vorm om uitgediende ensieme te vervang. Dit het ook die vorming van nuwe proteiene nodig om verouderde selle, beskadigde selle en beserings te heel.

Optimale gesondheid vereis dus ‘n aaneenlopende proses van proteienvorming en proteienvervanging. Proteiene word saamgestel deur kleiner molekules wat aminosure genoem word. Op molekulêre vlak kan een proteien opgebreek word in n string van aminosure wat wissel van so klein as 200 aminosure op ‘n string, tot 5000 daarvan.

Die maak van proteiene in die liggaam

Om ou en afgeleefde selle in die liggaam te vervang met nuwe selle, moet die liggaam aminosure gebruik as boublokke van die proteiene wat opgeneem word in die diëet. Wanneer proteien van verskillende bronne ingeneem word, moet die liggaam die groot aminosuurstringe of verbindigs neem en afbreek in aminosure, of peptides.


Aminosure, ook genoem petides, moet in een tot twee molekules (dipeptides) afgebreek word om deur die liggaam opgeneem te kan word.


Die liggaam vervaarding ensieme wat protease genoem word wat proteiene wat ingeneem word afbreek in aminosure. Proteiene verloor sy struktuur in die maag met behulp van maagsuur en pepsien.

Vandaar beweeg die afgebreekte proteienbron deur die maagklep in die dunderm in (duedenum), waar nog ensieme en of protease plaasvind. Aminosure en dipeptides word in hierdie vorm in middelderms of jejenum opgeneem.


Pierre van Niekerk ©