Oral Health and Gut Health

You can’t see them, feel them or taste them, but your mouth is home to entire colonies of microorganisms. While most of these tiny oral bacteria do us no harm, there are other species in the mix that are disease causing and can affect our health and need to be controlled with a healthy diet, good oral care practices and regular visits to your dentist.

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Over 700 different strains of bacteria have been detected in the human mouth, though most people are only host to 34 to 72 different varieties. Most of these bacterial species appear to be harmless when it comes to our health. Others, known as probiotics, are beneficial bacteria that aid in the digestion of foods. Other bacteria actually protect our teeth and gums. There are some bacteria, however, that we’d rather do without, since they cause tooth decay and gum disease.

The Two Most Common Harmful Bacteria

Streptococcus mutans is the bacteria you’ve probably heard the most about. It lives in your mouth and feeds on the sugars and starches that you eat. That alone wouldn’t be so bad, but as a by-product of its ravenous appetite, it produces enamel-eroding acids, which make streptococcus mutans the main cause of tooth decay in humans.

Porphyromonas gingivalis is usually not present in a healthy mouth, but when it does appear, it has been strongly linked to periodontitis. Periodontitis is a serious and progressive disease that affects the tissues and the alveolar bone that support the teeth. It is not a disease to be taken lightly. It can cause significant dental pain, and can eventually lead to tooth loss.

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Managing Bacteria

Once you’ve got a strain of oral bacteria, you’re not likely to rid yourself of it. The good news is that you can manage and control the bacteria in your mouth with good oral care. Brushing after meals and flossing at least once per day can remove the source of food for harmful bacteria, which can keep them from reproducing in your mouth. Antibacterial mouthwash can also be used to keep your oral flora from taking over. Your diet also plays a role in managing bacteria. Avoiding sugary and starchy foods, especially when you don’t have access to a toothbrush, helps constrain bacterial growth. Also, eating foods that are known to promote healthy bacteria will help you keep your teeth and mouth healthy for a lifetime.

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Common Mouth Bacteria

A bacterium that builds up on teeth makes gums prone to infection. Over time, inflammation and the chemicals it releases eat away at the gums and bone structure that hold teeth in place. The result is severe gum disease, known as periodontitis. Poor oral health can lead to digestive issues. More worryingly, bad bacteria present in your saliva travels to your digestive tract when you swallow. This can cause an imbalance in your digestive system and subsequently digestive problems that can cause problems in the rest of your body.

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Poor oral health can lead to digestive issues

Digestive problems can take many forms ranging from acid reflux to constipation irritable bowel syndrome. Common causes of digestive issues include not chewing food thoroughly and eating too quickly.  That means the condition of your teeth and gums can have an impact on your digestive health.

The mouth plays an integral role in the digestive process as it’s where physical and chemical digestive processes begin. That means the condition of your teeth and gums can have an impact on your digestive health. It’s also interesting to note that gastrointestinal disorders can similarly affect your oral health.

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Healthy teeth and gums help us to chew food properly, which leads to good digestion. Misalignment (very skew teeth), infection and missing teeth are some dental problems that affect our ability to chew food, with possible digestive issues down the line.

How gastrointestinal disorders can affect your teeth and gums

Given that the mouth is the start of our digestive tract, gastrointestinal disorders can contribute to problems in our teeth and gums. Here’s how 3 gastrointestinal disorders can have a negative effect on oral health.

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (Heartburn)

Commonly known as heartburn, gastroesophageal reflux disease causes people to experience a burning feeling in their chest or a bad taste in their mouth. Heartburn causes acids from the stomach to enter the oral cavity and these acids can erode tooth enamel. This is because acids from the stomach are more alkaline than dental enamel. Stomach acid has the potential to cause significant chemical erosion.

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To counteract heartburn, some people often use antacids and bismuth products which can lead to a harmless and temporary condition called the black hairy tongue. Black hairy tongue gives the tongue on a dark furry appearance. Good oral hygiene and stopping the consumption of antacids and bismuth can reverse this condition.

If you suffer from gastroesophageal reflux disease, let your dentist know. He or she may prescribe an oral rinse or recommend fluoride treatments in order to strengthen your teeth.

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Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)

IBD which includes Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis, is defined as “chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract.” IBD can manifest itself in the oral cavity, particularly in paediatric cases. Some oral signs and symptoms of IBD include mouth sores and infections or bleeding or swollen gums.

Prescriptions for IBD can also affect your dental health some common medication for Crohn’s disease can cause dry mouth, gingivitis and tongue inflammation.

If you have IBD, let your dentist know and also disclose what medications you are taking. It is important so your dentist can take your medical condition into account when administering dental care. This may include measures such as monitoring your blood pressure and glucose levels, plus extra considerations when invasive dental procedures are indicated.

Peptic Ulcers

It is sores that develop in the lining of the stomach, lower oesophagus, or small intestine. If you’re suffering from peptic ulcers, it’s important to note that some of the medications used to treat the condition have side effects that can adversely affect your dental health. You may experience dry mouth, black tongue or a change in taste during the course of treatment.

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In such cases, it’s important to inform your dentist about your prescriptions so that he or she can adjust your dental treatment as well as provide tailored advice on how to deal with those side effects. Be sure to also mention any over-the-counter medication that you take as certain drug interactions may worsen the side effects.

An infected tooth can result in the spread of infection to nearby parts of the body such as the jaw, neck, sinuses, and even the brain. Good oral and dental hygiene can help prevent bad breath, tooth decay and gum disease and can help you keep your teeth as you get older. An unhealthy mouth, especially if you have gum disease, may increase your risk of serious health problems such as heart attack, stroke, poorly controlled diabetes and preterm labor.

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How does it work?

Though your saliva helps protect you against some invaders, it can’t always do the job. More than 500 species of bacteria thrive in your mouth at any given time. These bacteria constantly form dental plaque a sticky, colourless film that can cling to your teeth and cause health problems.

Your mouth as infection source!!

If you don’t brush and floss regularly to keep your teeth clean, plaque can build up along your gum line, creating an environment for additional bacteria to accumulate in the space between your gums and your teeth. This gum infection is known as gingivitis. Left unchecked, gingivitis can lead to a more serious gum infection called periodontitis. The most severe form of gum infection is called acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis, also known as trench mouth.

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Bacteria from your mouth normally don’t enter your bloodstream. However, invasive dental treatments sometimes even just routine brushing and flossing if you have gum disease — can provide a port of entry for these microbes. Medications or treatments that reduce saliva flow and antibiotics that disrupt the normal balance of bacteria in your mouth can also compromise your mouth’s normal defences, allowing these bacteria to enter your bloodstream.

If you have a healthy immune system, the presence of oral bacteria in your bloodstream causes no problems. Your immune system quickly dispenses with them, preventing infection. However, if your immune system is weakened, for example because of a disease or cancer treatment, oral bacteria in your bloodstream (bacteraemia) may cause you to develop an infection in another part of your body. Infective endocarditis, in which oral bacteria enter your bloodstream and stick to the lining of diseased heart valves, is an example of this phenomenon.

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  • Poorly controlled diabetes. If you have diabetes, you’re already at increased risk of developing gum disease. But chronic gum disease may, in fact, make diabetes more difficult to control, as well. Infection may cause insulin resistance, which disrupts blood sugar control.
  • Cardiovascular disease. Oral inflammation due to bacteria (gingivitis) may also play a role in clogged arteries and blood clots. It appears that bacteria in the mouth may cause inflammation throughout the body, including the arteries. This inflammation may serve as a base for development of atherosclerotic plaques in the arteries, possibly increasing your risk of a heart attack or stroke. Some research suggests that people with gum infections are also at increased risk of heart attack and stroke. The more severe the infection, the greater the risk appears to be. And gum disease and tooth loss may contribute to plaques in the carotid artery. In one study, 46 percent of participants who’d lost up to nine teeth had carotid artery plaque; among those who’d lost 10 or more teeth, 60 percent of them had such plaque.
  • Preterm birth. Severe gum disease may increase the risk of preterm delivery and giving birth to a low birth weight baby.  The theory is that oral bacteria release toxins, which reach the placenta through the mother’s bloodstream and interfere with the growth and development of the fetus. At the same time, the oral infection causes the mother to produce labour-triggering substances too quickly, potentially triggering premature labour and birth.

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5 Tips to Keep Your Oral Flora and Good Mouth Bacteria in Balance

  1. Add more fibre to your diet, including prebiotic.
  2. Eat probiotic fermented foods.
  3. Brush and floss your teeth daily.
  4. If your gums bleed, book a dental appointment right away.
  5. Take an oral probiotic.

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Info from the Practice of Dr Emayne en Marais in Pretoria, South Africa.

Pierre van Niekerk ©

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Waarom vet of kaings in die dieët

Primêre vitamiene word in die Literatuur beskou as Vitamien, A, D, E, K, C en Vitamien B Kompleks.Van hierdie groepe vitamien is Vitamien A, D, E en K “fat soluble” of vetopneembare vitamiene, wyl Vitamin C en B Kompleks wateropneembare vitamiene is.

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Die vetopneembare vitamiene word in spesiale vetselle gestoor, wat “lipocytes” of liposiete genoem word, wyl wateropneembare vitamiene nie in die liggaam, behalwe baie klein hoeveelhede gestoor word.

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Vetopneembare kan toksies raak met ‘n oormaat inname van hierdie vitamiene. Kan selfs toksies wees vir diere as die liggaam dit in oormaat moet stoor. Wateroplosbare word deur die uriene uitgeskei en daar is geen bewys in die Literatuur dat wateroplosbare vitamien enige dier ooit skade aangerig het nie.

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Beide hierdie vitamienes is uiters noodsaaklik vir mens en dier. Diere wat nie die nodige vet inneem wat gunstig in die liggaam as natuurlik ontvang word nie, kan dus nie noodsaaklike opnames maak van Vit A, D, E en K nie.

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Free Radicals II

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  1. Introduction

Antioxidants in Literature are one of the solutions to get rid of naturally produced free radicals.

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Well known natural antioxidants can be attained from well-planned diets, that include various fruits and vegetables. Herbal teas like rooibos, green tea, honey bush, spices such cayenne pepper, ginger, turmeric, pepper, cinnamon and others are also known as sources of natural antioxidants.

As explained, there are two main sources of free radicals.

  • External Sources: The industrial environment that pollutes the air that we breath, the water we use, petrochemical fumes, ultraviolet rays from the sun and pesticide sprays and products to name a few.

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  • Internal Sources: Breathing, turning oxygen into carbon dioxide, food and minerals into waste, water into urine, drugs into waste, as well as exposure to household cleaning products and pets control.

Conclusion

Man and animal are exposed to 1) external sources of free radicals, as explained in External Free Radicals ­­­­in Bentonite Clay, as well as self-produced free radicals which will be explained now.

Importance

To keep man and animal healthy, as well as restraining the physical body and its organs from early aging, the Immune system needs to defend the body every second from the dangers of free radicals. Not only from the external environment, but also from the body as a living cell itself, producing its own free radicals.

It is the immune systems of man and animal and its functional fitness, its ability as a body defense system that able the body to deal with harmful free radicals.

Take Note

Free radicals will be explained in depth in (3). What we do know will be explained in (2) and the limits and questions of what we don’t know, in (3) as well.

  1. Free Radicals Destroy Living Cells

Media portrays many times pictures of Hollywood stars and how they age over the years. In shock admirers of these movie stars stare in disbelief at the human factor in the aging of these actors, not believing how some of these people are ageing in time.

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Scientific studies on rats prove the natural phenomenon of aging. It shows that rats produce a significant number more of free radicals when they naturally age.  These natural age related modifications of their bodies, also match the age-related illnesses associated with ageing rats.

Fact

  • Research on rats in independent studies indicates that free radicals produced in the mitochondria (the little engine of each and every living cell), is also the engine that damages the elements in the cell that keeps it alive, rejuvenated and functional.

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  • Therefore in skin and health care, the focus should be on the health and abilities of the mitochondria, the little machine that is rejuvenating the body’s DNA, the telomeres, those parts of chromosomes in our bodies that controls aging and have links to various diseases and long life.

This damage causes mutations that produce more free radicals. In effect rushing the process of skin aging and or skin damage as free radicals cause cells to turn against themselves.

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In effect it means that the cell turns against its own organs in the cell, which are the machines that must rejuvenate and revitalise the cells in skin repairing and skin growth. The reverse effect of skin growth damage cell walls, the little engines in each and every cell that revitalise cell growth, the mitochondria, the glue between cells, collagen, shortening telomeres that are critical to cell growth and cell reconstruction, as well the function of other critical cell structures.

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If left untreated, or without proper care by guessing being misled with make believe or brand marketing products, the gradual and increasingly build-up of free radicals explains why healthy bodies age in many unwanted ways and rapidly deteriorate at some point in time.

Causes

Although free radicals are produced naturally in the body, lifestyle factors as well as external factors from outside can also accelerate free radical production in skin cells. Especially when harvested by oily or water based substrates applied on the skin to hide acne marks, pores and wrinkle’s.

These free radicals include:

  • exposure to toxic chemicals, such as pesticides and air pollution, petro-chemicals
  • smoking
  • alcohol
  • fried foods
  • drugs
  • sunburn damaging the skin DNA

Above mentioned lifestyle factors have also been linked to diseases such as cancer and cardiovascular diseases.

The term “Oxidative stress” will explain why exposure to these substances can causes many types of diseases.

  1. Antioxidants and free radicals

The Media portray thousands of products selling the solutions to anti-aging and detoxing harmful elements from the human body. Products sells as if they are the only of the answer to the elimination of free radicals as well as the reversing of its harmful effects.

The truth is, it is only a healthy and well cared immune system, supported by the genetic qualities of the individual that brings real solutions to the individual body and skin health. No two persons are the same. True health and skin care can also only progress reactively within the reality of the effects of aging, given that the individual is actively protected his/her health with testable knowledge of what does cause individual aging and illnesses.

Antioxidants

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Antioxidants are molecules in food sources that prevents the oxidation of other molecules in the body that lessen or prevent the effects of free radicals.

How antioxidants function

  • Antioxidants donate an electron to a free radical, thereby reducing its harmful possible reactivity.
  • Antioxidants are unique in the sense that they can donate an electron to a free radical, without becoming a free radical itself.
  • Antioxidants act as scavengers, stealing electrons from free radicals and in the process helps to prevent cell and tissue damage, that could lead to cellular damage and disease.

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Be not be misled

  • No single antioxidant can combat the effects of every free radical.
  • Free radicals have different effects in different areas of the body.
  • Every antioxidant behaves differently due to its chemical properties.

Antioxidant foods and supplements

Many foods are rich in antioxidants. Berries, citrus fruits, and many other fruits are rich in vitamin C, while carrots are known for their high beta-carotene content. The soy found in soybeans and some meat substitutes are high in phytoestrogens.

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The goodness of antioxidants in foods have inspired many health experts to recommend antioxidant-rich diets. Also did the “Antioxidant theory of Aging” led many Health Companies to push sales of antioxidant supplements.

The ill-understanding and the ill-use of antioxidants can also be harmful. Antioxidants are able to into “Pro-oxidants”. This means when antioxidants are used without understanding what it must do, an antioxidant can turn into a pro-oxidant.

It will then search and link to electrons from other molecules, resulting in chemical instabilities that will lead to oxidative stresses of sorts.

Thousands of chemicals can act as antioxidants. Vitamins C, and E, glutathione, beta-carotene, and plant oestrogens called phytoestrogens are well known antioxidants.

Research on antioxidants are mixed.

Studies suggest that antioxidants cannot “cure” the effects of free radicals, especially those antioxidants coming from artificial sources.

What we do know is the following;

  • That we need much more data to understand the real problem of free radicals
  • Antioxidants neutralize free radicals by donating one of their own electrons, ending the electron-“stealing” reaction.
  • Free radicals are an early sign of cells fighting (immune system) a possible disease or aging
  • Free radical formation is inevitable with age.

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The Role of Vitamins C and E

  • Vitamin E does not turn into a free radical when donating an electron
  • Vitamin E is also the most abundant fat-soluble antioxidant in the body.
  • Vitamin E is known as one of the most efficient chain-breaking antioxidants available.
  • Vitamin E is also known as the primary defender against oxidation
  • Vitamin E is the primary defender against lipid peroxidation (creation of unstable molecules containing more oxygen than is usual).
  • Vitamin E may protect against cardiovascular disease by defending against LDL oxidation and artery-clogging plaque formation.

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Vitamin C

  • Vitamin C is the most abundant water-soluble antioxidant in the body and acts primarily in cellular fluid.
  • Vitamin C is also known for combating free-radical formation caused by external pollution and cigarette smoke.
  • Also helps return vitamin E to its active form.
  • Many studies have correlated high vitamin C intakes with low rates of cancer, particularly cancers of the mouth, larynx and esophagus.

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Conclusion

  1. Literature suggest that antioxidants are believed to help protect the body from free-radical damage. But be warned, the solution is not mega-doses of these vitamins as more is not always better and might turn against your body in.
  2. The long-term effect of large doses of these nutrients has not been proven. Other chemicals and substances found in natural sources of antioxidants may also be responsible for the beneficial effects. So for now, the best way to ensure adequate intake of the antioxidant nutrients is through a balanced diet consisting of 5-8 servings of fruits and vegetables per day.

Pierre@ Natural Health Clay masks

Introduction

We are without question living in a highly industrialized environment. Various pollutants of many sources propel free radicals into the air that we breathe. We inhale these toxins into our lungs and many of these free radicals find their way onto our skin. Not only do we inhale these pollutants, toxins and free radicals, we collect various airborne viruses, fungi and bacteria onto our hands and faces just being outside in a industrialised environment.

Not only is the physical environment responsible for creating free radicals harmful and dangerous to man and animal, man and animal are their own natural producers of free radicals.

Whatever the cause or origin of free radicals are in the physical environment we live in, or the free radicals generated by the human or animal body, free radicals are part and parcel of personal health care and all people should be aware off.

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Free radicals have a profound negative effect on human and animal health. Only sound knowledge of what free radicals are, will enable a person to protect him or herself from the harmful effects of free radicals.

In skin care, dealing with free radicals, it is all about effective preventative care.

Preventative skin care will support the growth factors in the and keep the skin vibrant and alive. It will also enable the little engines in the skin cell that support health and growth, to function optimal. Skin renewal is all about supporting the telomeres in each and every cell. Healthy telomeres will support cell longevity and cell rejuvenation abilities.

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External Free Radicals.

There are many external sources of free radicals. It is a subject well published. Here are a few that could be studied in own time with their harmful effects.

  • Industrial manufacturing smoke
  • chemical evaporation of industrial solvents
  • herbicides
  • insecticides
  • petro-chemical gasses
  • nicotine
  • radiation
  • ozone
  • certain drugs
  • heavy metal deposits in dams, rivers and the sea.

Internal Free Radicals

Equally to external free radicals, there are many free radicals generated by man and animal by their mere existence. Such an example is breathing.

Breathing turns oxygen into carbon dioxide or CO², which is also a free radical. One generated internally. This production of free radicals is known as “Oxidation,” and obvious, with its origin in the respiratory chain of anything that breathes.

Breathing provides necessary oxygen to each and every living cell.

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All living cells which do not receive the required amount of oxygen, will struggle in all aspects of its survival and functionality. Any living cell deprived of oxygen will starve as well as not being able to keep the skin healthy, promotes cell growth and or be functional in cell replacement or rejuvenation.

A second source of free radical production is the waste generated from using minerals, vitamins, amino acids and sugars. A healthy cell needs shed one-use waste effectively back into the bloodstream, back to the liver to deal with the self-generated waste or free radicals.

Conclusion

Free radicals are part and part of the system. Cells are in constant need of food and oxygen. All living organisms have a disposal system or an “exhausts” of sorts. Waste needs to be filtered into the blood stream, to be dealt with by the kidneys, lungs, liver, lymphatic system etc.,

Cells

  • The human body is composed of many different types of cells.
  • These cells are invented with various different types of molecules.
  • Molecules consist of one or more atoms
  • Of one or more elements
  • These elements are joined by chemical bonds or reactions.

Fig.1

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A chemical bond is the attraction between atoms that enables the formation of chemical compounds such as water.

  • Atoms, as Fig 2 will indicate, consist of a nucleus, neutrons, protons and electrons.
  • An atom is known as the basic unit of a chemical element.
  • Every solid, every liquid, gas and or plasma is composed of neutral or ionised atoms.
  • Every atom is composed of a nucleus and one or more electrons bound to the nucleus.
  • The nucleus is made of one or more protons and typically, a similar number of neutrons.
  • Protons and neutrons are called nucleons. More than 99.94% of an atom’s mass is in the nucleus.
  • The protons have a positive electrical charge, the electrons have a negative electric charge, and the neutrons have no electric charge.

The number of protons in the atom nucleus, (also known as positively charged particles) determines the number of electrons (negatively charged particles) surrounding the atom.

  • Electrons are involved in chemical reactions.
  • It is the substance that bonds atoms together to form molecules.

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Fig 2

  • The bond may result from the electrostatic force of attraction between oppositely charged ions, as in ionic bonds, or through the sharing of electrons as in covalent bonds.
  • Opposite charges attract via a simple electromagnetic force.
  • The negatively charged electrons orbit the nucleus
  • The positively charged protons in the nucleus, attract the negatively charged electrons that orbits the nucleus.

How Free Radicals Are Formed

  • Electron, or the bond between molecules, seldom split in a way that leaves a molecule with an unpaired electron.
  • It is only when a weak bond split, where free radicals are formed.
  • Free radicals are unstable molecules, formed from weak bonds
  • It is a molecule in search of completeness, therefore reacts rapidly with other compounds.
  • It is the nature of free radicals to capture the wanted electron to gain stability.
  • Free radicals attack the nearest stable molecule, “stealing” its electron.
  • When the “attacked” molecule loses its electron, it becomes a free radical itself
  • This cause a chain reaction between molecules of stealing available electrons.
  • Once this process of stealing electrons from other molecule starts, it most often ends in the death of a cell.
  • In skin care, the rapid aging of a living cell.
  • Many free radicals are generated by the body itself, because we breathe and we eat.
  • The immune system itself purposefully create free radicals to neutralize viruses and bacteria.

Conclusion

There are three sources of free radical production;

  • The living body of man and animal will generate free radicals by mere existence.
  • Nature herself provide a number free radicals in bacteria, viruses and fungi
  • The industrialized world produces a number of harmful free radicals traced in soil or food production, in our rivers, the air that we breathe, the food sources we have in the sea.

Living Organisms and Free Radicals

When all is equal, the human body and the immune system should be able to successfully manage and dispose the free radicals.  But, to eliminate these free radicals successfully, the body needs antioxidants to eliminate these harmful molecules.

Of particular importance to note that free radical damage accumulates with age.

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Free radicals will accumulate in many places of the body. If the accumulation thereof is not dealt with appropriately, those free radicals will cause illness or damage to cell structures, cell proteins, DNA, and cell membranes by stealing their electrons through “Oxidation

Free Radicals are therefore associated with;

  • Cellular and organ damage
  • Early ageing
  • Decreased immune system
  • Collagen weakening or connective tissue weakening and wrinkle forming
  • Artery wall degeneration
  • Cholesterol plague build up
  • Reduction of blood flow to all cells, brain and other organs
  • Blood clots
  • Stress on the hearts functionality because of damage cells
  • Various chronic diseases
  • Cancer
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Arthritis
  • Lupus
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Impaired vision and cataracts
  • Inflammatory diseases and joint pains
  • Grey hair
  • Headaches
  • Fatigue
  • Cardiovascular diseases
  • Diabetes

Note: it is in health and skin care important to note that the body is under constant attack from various “Oxidative stress”.

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To Recap

  • “Oxidative stress is something that happens naturally inside our cells as these cells use oxygen turning into carbon dioxide, food and mineral sources turning into waste.”
  • The human body is made up of trillions of cells.
  • Inside each and every cell (except red blood cells) is a tiny “engine” called a mitochondrion.
  • The mitochondria create the energy your bodies use to function, to be awake, to sleep, to digest, to think, to breathe.
  • All body functions are dependent on the health of the mitochondrion
  • In all health care, every little cell that has a function towards health.
  • Mitochondria produce oxidative stress.
  • Living cell needs to get rid of used food waste, toxins generated, carbon dioxide as well as harvested bacteria, viruses and fungi
  • Many organs in the body plays a vital role in getting rid of these oxidative waste products in their normal functioning.
  • Study the functions of the lungs, the liver, kidneys, lymph and the digestive system, etc.,

See these by-products as in a motor vehicle “engine” analogy. It running engine needs to get rid of its “oxidative stresses” and by-products. All engines need an exhaust to do so and so does living cells to.

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Oxidative stress is associated with the damage of proteins, lipids and nucleic acids.  Free radicals are known to damage the cell’s DNA instructional code, causing new cells provided by the immune system to grow erroneously whilst leading to the early aging of the skin

If the body, with its immune system do not have enough “anti-oxidants” to assist functional cells with their natural detoxing processes, the accumulation of free radicals will ensure that the cell’s exhaust will block. Blockage will lead to a dysfunctional mitochondrion, a decrease in cell energy production, the starvation of cells, etc.

Various studies have connected oxidative stress by free radicals also to:

  • central nervous system diseases, such as Alzheimer’s and other dementia’s
  • cardiovascular disease due to clogged arteries
  • autoimmune and inflammatory disorders, such as rheumatoid arthritis and cancer
  • cataracts and age-related vision decline
  • age-related changes in appearance, such as loss of skin elasticity, wrinkles, greying hair, hair loss, and changes in hair texture
  • diabetes
  • genetic degenerative diseases, such as Huntington’s disease or Parkinson’s
  • many skin problems as in sores, wounds, acne, in wrinkles, in skin thinning and or thickening, can be associated with skin cells in a dysfunctional state.

Preventative skin care is therefore critical matter of knowledge.

Pierre @ Natural Health Facial mask, anti-oxidant cream and colostrum Balm

It makes sense to focus on the mitochondria or little engine of facial skin cell in facial skin care. The mitochondria are tiny organelles in cells that process the nutrients to power the cell.

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Pierre van Niekerk

To assist the mitochondria and the telomeres into maximal functioning, the harvesting excessive free radicals naturally (remember they have a positive electrical charge) through electromagnetic means, whilst these free radicals are in search for another electron, makes perfectly sense.

Free radicals, as said, are positively charged. The Pierre@ Natural health bentonite blend of clay are negatively charged. This blend of negatively charged clay will act as a highly charged magnet, absorbing the positively charged free radicals naturally into the clay blend.  It will naturally “detox” the affected area where free radicals did accumulate, place needed natural sodium and calcium back into the cells that the cell engine or mitochondria need.

The question should be asked why this method?

Let us have a look at the function of Antioxidants and their natural reaction to known free radicals

  • Antioxidants, as in the Pierre@ Natural Health blend of clay, are blend to keep accumulated free radicals on the skin in check.
  • Antioxidants are molecules in the clay prevent free radicals accumulated on the skin from taking electrons and causing further skin damage and destruction.
  • Antioxidants in the cream are a blend of vitamins and related molecules that prevent free radicals from taking electrons from skin cells disturbing cell functioning and causing damage.
  • Antioxidants are able to give an electron to a free radical, without becoming destabilized themselves, thus stopping a free radical chain reaction as explained.
  • Antioxidants are natural substances who are used and contracted to clean up and harvest free radicals.
  • Fibre in the intestines are used to clean up waste products in the intestines. Antioxidants in the same token are used to clean up free radical in the cells.
  • Free radical chain reaction can lead to broken cell membranes which means it can alter what enters and what exits the cells
  • Free radicals are able to change the structure of a lipid, making it more likely to become trapped in an artery.
  • Damaged molecules may mutate and grow tumours
  • The cascading damage of free radicals are also able to change the DNA code of a cell.

SELLE

Skin cell care

Feed the cells with the Pierre@ Natural Colostrum Balm. Colostrum is Nature’s own food, well known and proven to regrow and revitalise skin cells. Also known that it will stimulate and enhance natural cell growth. Colostrum will feed and stimulate the telomeres in the cells, repair the DNA to rejuvenate the skin and natural cell functions.

Rika Barnard experience

Lizette Joubert Venter’s experience

Lizette Leeudoringstad

Internal Free Radical Care

We are what we eat. We need to assist our skin, the biggest organ of the body, with what we eat. We also need to get rid of the free radicals our bodies produce naturally. External skin care is not merely enough.

To follow..

Kolostrum as Basis in Velsorg

Waarom kolostrum as basis in algemene velsorg

Inleiding.

Kolostrum, sovêr bekend, word hiermee vir die eerste keer in Suid Afrika as produk in velsorg aangebied. Kolostrum as produk het ‘n ongekende groot Literatuurgeskiedenis wat die gesondheidswaardes in kolostrum bevestig.

Ingeligte velsorg en veral persone wat besorg is oor skadelike vrye radikale wat vrylik in vanuit ‘n industrieële omgewings vrygelaat word, vrye radikale vanaf petrochemiese bedrywe, verbranding van diesel en petrol asook ander chemiese stowwe wat vir insekte op plante en algemene huishoudelike gebruike gebruik word, vereis dat daar na totale waardetoevoeging van kolostrum gekyk sal word as velsorgproduk.

Die redes vir Kolostrum as basis word hiermee aangebied as velsorgproduk vir skades wat die vel mag opdoen asook as produk om velveroudering teen te werk!

Hierdie waardes in kolostrum word met die Pierre @ H produk in kolostrum se totaliteit aangebied as ‘n skoonheids- en velsorgproduk.

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Die ontleding van Kolostrum lewer die volgende waardes.

PROTEÏN

Protein BIOGLOBIN GEPUBLISEERDE DATA
Immunoglobulien bestaan uit:

IgG1

IgG2

IgA

IgM

Minimum gewaarborg: 61,1%

75%

3%

17%

5%

70 tot 80% maksimum in individuele gevalle;

·         Smolenskiet al (2007)

·         Larson (1992)

·         Korohnen et al (1995)

·         Gapper et al (2007)

·         Butler (1974)

 

b. Lacto-albumin 15% Perez et al. (1989) het bewys dat kolostrum post-partum 2.63 mg.ml lacto-albumin bevat.

 

c. Lactoglobin

 

5%
d. Serum albumin

 

15%
e. Kaseïn

 

25%
f. Ander proteïne:

 

5%

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Tipiese Aminosuur profiel: % van Proteïn
Alanin 4.6
Arganin 2.4
Asparatiensuur 10.1
Sisteïn 3.1
Glutaminsuur 17.1
Glisin 2
Histadin 2
Isoleusin 5.6
Leusin 10
Lisin 7.8
Metionin 2
Fenielalanin 3.1
Prolien 6.1
Serien 5.6
Treonin 6.8
Triptofaan 1.5
Tirosin 2.8
Valin 5.1
Ander Stikstofverbinding (NH3) 1.7

Laktoferrin is ‘n kationiese glikoproteïne ysterverbinding wat by soogdiere voorkom, wat ‘n belangrike faktor is in die beskerming van die melkkliere. (Farrell et al. 2004).

g. Lactoferrin Berekende waardes 0,2 – 0,7 mg/100 gram Sobczuk-Szul et al. (2013)

Indy ken Filonzi (2005)

 0a099460149d6e18ab97bc5b3508a586.600x

LAKTOSE

Laktose Maksimum berekende waarde is 3.6% Kehoe et al. 2007

Morrill et al. 2012

Laktose konsentrasie in kolostrum verander omgekeerd soos vet, as en protein toeneem in waardes. Kolostrum normaliseer binne 7 dae na kalwing na gewone melk en laktose waardes verhoog dienoorkomstig.  Kolostrum bevat ook glukose, fruktose, galaktose en ander koolstofbindings, wat van 3 tot 10 monosaggarides bevat en kovalent verbind is met glikosiedbande. Laktose kom in die kolostrum wat hier gebruik word slegs in spoorhoeveelhede voor.

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GROEI FAKTORE

Belangrike groeifaktore in kolostrum as produk is die volgende;

a. EGF (epiderma groei faktore) Lacopetta et al. 1992, Yagi et al. 1986
b. Betacellulin (BTC) (Bastian et al. 2001
c. Insulin-like growth factor I   (IGF-I) (Collier et al. 1991
d.  IGF-II Schams 1994
e. Transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) Ginjala and Pakkanen 1998
f.  Fibroblast growth factor 1 and 2(FGF1 and FGF2) Kirihara and Ohishi 1995
g. Platelet-derived growth factor (PGDF) (Belford et al. 1997

bio cell

 

VITAMIN SAMESTELLING VAN KOLOSTRUM

Vetoplosbare Vitamienes

Vitamin  A

Kolostrum bevat gemiddeld 75 IU Vit A eenhede per gram poeier. Verskeie vorms van Vitamin A kom voor in kolostrum: Dit is die volgende;

Retinol en Retinal Berekende konsentrasies Morrissey en Hill (2009)
Retinsuur Berekende konsentrasies
Retinil esters Berekende konsentrasies
Provitamin A karetonoïde bv β-karotene Berekende konsentrasies:

25 IU/g

M. M. Kramer et al.
Verhoogde konsentrasies eerste 5 dae Jensen et al.;Debier et al. 2005
Bacteria+Facts+One+healthy+bacterium,+given+the+proper+environment,+could+reproduce+into+a+colony+of+more+than+2+million+in+just+seven+hours.
There are more bacterium on your body than there are humans on the entire planet. An area of skin as small as 6.5 square cm (1 square inch) may be home to more than half a million bacterium.

milk_infograph

Vitamien E

Vitamin E bestaan uit 2 hoofgroepe in kolostrum wat binne 6 dae drasties verminder. ( Parrish et al.,1949)

Tokoferole (α-, β-, ƴ- en ᵹ

 

Berekende waarde van Vit E is sowat 876 µg/100 gram na eerste 6 melkings Morrissey en Hill 2009

Kehoe et al., 2007

Tokotrinole (α-, β-, ƴ- en ᵹ- Morrissey en Hill 2009

Vitamien D

Twee hoofgroepe kom in kolostrum voor, D3 gesintetiseer deur die vel van die koei agv blootstelling aan ultraviolet, en D2, geproduseer deur plante blootgestel aan ultraviolet.

D3 Cholecalsiferol Bulgari et al., 2013
D2 Ergocalsiferol Vit D total: 21 IU/g poeier Bulgari et al., 2013

Henry en Kon, 1937

 Lactation+(Breast+Feeding)

Vitamien K

Kolostrum bevat die volgende vorme

K1 (phylloquinone) Waardes nie bepaal nie Morrissey and Hill 2009
K2 (menaquinones) Waardes nie bepaal nie Morrissey and Hill 2009

WATEROPLOSBARE VITAMINES

Vitamien C

Vitamien C, of Askorbiensuur, word gesintetiseer in die lewer van die koei, maar kalwers is afhanklik van inname vanaf die Moeder deur kolostrum, en begin eers op 3 weke ouderdom self sintetiseer.

Vitamien C

(Askorbiensuur)

6,33 mg/100g

(Berekende waarde)

Walstra and Jenness 1984

B-Vitamienes

Kolostrum se waardes verander tipies as volg in vergelyking met melk:

Thiamin, Riboflavin, Folaat, B6, B12 Hoër waardes as in melk. Marnila and Korohnen 2002
Pantoteensuur

Biotin

Laer waardes as in kolostrum. Marnila and Korohnen 2002

LIPIEDE

Die vetinhoud van kolostrum pas na geboorte is gemiddeld 8%. Na droging is BIOGLOBIN se gekonsentreerde waardes as volg:

Vet inhoud: 16 – 18% Tipies bereken
  Versadig 68% van total
  Mono-onversadig 27% van total
  Poli-onversadig 4% van totaal

MINERALE

Minerale komponente in kolostrum (soute) kom voor as ione in oplossing voor of as kolloïdale komplekse met kaseïn, volgend Lucey en Horne (2009). Mineraal inhoud van kolostrum is hoër as in gewone melk.

Kalsium 216,8 mg/100g poeier Tsioulpas et al.,2007.
Fosfor 163,5 mg/100g poeier Tsioulpas et al.,2007.
Kalium 179,5 mg/100g poeier Abd El-Fattah et al. 2012
Magnesium, Yster, Koper, Sink, Mangaan Spoorhoeveelhede

Saamgestel vir algemene inligting vir Pierre@ Health

 

Pierre van Niekerk ©

 

 

 

 

 

Common Priobiotic Strains and their Benefits

Introduction

The information in this document is for educational and general purposes only and should not be construed as medical advice or a substitute for medical treatment. Readers should always consult appropriate and qualified health or medical professionals about specific medical problems and issues relating to personal wellbeing.

The author does not accept any responsibility for harm or loss which may result from failure to consult with the appropriate health authorities, and readers assume the risk of any such injuries that may arise from these circumstances.

Read Final Note as well…

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Probiotic Strains and Their Benefits

  1. Lactobacillus plantarum
    • Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
    • Cold and flu
    • Other immune system deficiencies

This bacterium helps you fight against getting sick by defending your system from invading viruses, moulds, toxins, etc.

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  1. Lactobacillus rhamnosus
    • Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
    • Diarrhea
    • Lactose intolerance
    • Urinary tract infections
    • Other intestinal tract illnesses including stomach ulcers.

This strain of probiotic is known for its ability to survive through the harsh gastric acid and bile of the stomach – to make it through to the intestine and compete against bad bacteria.

It enhances the strength of your immune system by stimulating mucous production, inhibiting the growth of intestinal pathogens, and reducing inflammation in the intestines.

unicity-make-life-better-clearstart30-helps-you-understand-about-detox-cleansing-12-638

  1. Bifidobacterium bifidum
    • Constipation
    • Allergy symptoms
    • Digestive issues
    • Lactose intolerance

In addition to keeping your colon healthy and increasing your ability to absorb important nutrients, BB also reduces intestinal inflammation and competes with pathogens for adhesion to the intestinal cells to help make your immune system stronger. This is one of the four good bacteria species typically found in infants.

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  1. Bifidobacterium infantis
    • Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
    • Gastroenteritis
    • Defends against pathogens such as Salmonella

A probiotic bacterium common in breast-fed infants, but which can also be found in teens and adults. It is known to successfully survive the trip through the stomach acids and bile and adhere to the intestinal tissues where it produces acetic acid and bacterocinlike substances, and some strains even produce B-vitamins such as thiamine, nicotinic acid, and folate. This is one of the four good bacteria species typically found in infants.

shutterstock_206873113-2

  1. Bidifobacterium longum
    • Ulcerative colitis
    • Intestinal inflammation
    • Vaginal flora balance
    • Constipation
    • Crohn’s disease
    • High cholesterol
    • Colon cancer

Like most strains, they are still discovering all the positive benefits of this bacteria. They do know that it will strengthen your immune system, improve your overall gut health, and can help with re-establishing beneficial vaginal flora.

Studies have led researchers to believe that B. longum may minimize the effects of or prevent a full range of other ailments and diseases.

most-common-digestive-system-problems-or-diseases

  1. Lactobacillus reuteri
    • Eczema
    • Colic
    • Diarrhea
    • Rotavirus
    • Workplace sicknesses
    • Dental health issues
    • Female Urogenital Tract Infections
    • Constipation

These bacteria produce a unique broad-spectrum antibiotic substance called reuterin, which has been found to inhibit the growth of some harmful bacteria, along with yeasts, fungi, and protozoa, while keeping normal gut flora intact. In addition, reuterin has also been shown to suppress infections related to H. pylori (linked to peptic ulcers and gastric cancer). It is found naturally in some milk and meat products.

michael-specter

  1. Lactobacillus acidophilus
  • Acute, infectious diarrhea
  • Vaginal infections
  • Urinary tract infections

One of the most popular lactic bacteria, Lacidophilus is commonly used in foods such as yogurt and other dairy products. It works very well in combination with other probiotics to reduce the toxic effects of mould and yeast growth, and can prevent parasite growth in your intestinal tract.

emma-health-guild-colon-cleansing

  1. Lactobacillus casei
  • Constipation
  • Lactose intolerance
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Diarrhea

Casei occurs naturally in both your mouth and intestines, and helps support a healthy immune system. It can also reduce the rate and risk of bacterial infections. It has also been administered safely and with positive results to critically ill children suffering from diarrhea.

Enemas

9. Lactobacillus helveticus

  • Bone mineral density
  • Blood pressure
  • Improved sleep
  • Stress relief
  • Calcium absorption
  • Diarrhea
  • Lactose intolerance
  • Allergies Found in many cheeses.

This lactic acid producing bacteria boasts a variety of health benefits, ranging from stimulating the immune and digestive systems to increasing bone density in post-menopausal women, to reducing arterial stiffness and blood pressure. It can also improve health by increasing the bioavailability of the nutrients in the body.

Death-Begins-in-the-Gut-Wmk

  1. Lactobacillus salivarius
  • Gum sensitivity
  • Plaque
  • Tooth and gum health
  • Chronic bad breath
  • Ulcers

In addition to the wide range of proven dental health benefits, L. salivarius is currently being tested and is believed to have the potential to improve immune system responses to colitis and septic shock.

Document

  1. Pediococcus acidilactici
  • Stress relief
  • Digestive issues
  • Diarrhea
  • Constipation
  • Multiple Sclerosis relief

This bacterium can balance the bacteria in your gut to enhance your overall health and promote a healthier inflammatory response in the intestines. It can reduce and prevent unhealthy bacteria and parasites—like salmonella and E. coli from entering your intestinal tract. It is even believed that it can provide a supportive role in patients who are suffering from Multiple Sclerosis.

AnaerobicDigestionParameters

  1. Streptococcus thermophilus
  • Lactose intolerance
  • Colic
  • Digestive issues
  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
  • Diarrhea
  • Dermatitis
  • Ulcers

One of the two original strains used to make yogurt, this probiotic is still one of the most effective strains for boosting your immune system and improving your digestive health. It is currently being tested for limitless applications, especially for treating the causes and symptoms of cancer.

Pierre van Niekerk ©

Final Note

 Probiotic strains are constantly being tested to determine efficacy and indications in both humans and animals. The indications listed here are simply a representation of what the most recent testing has shown to be the likely benefits for each strain. There are no guarantees of efficacy for any probiotic ingredients.

The material and opinions expressed in this document are believed to be accurate based on the best judgment available to the author.

Whilst the information in this document is regularly updated and every attempt is made to ensure that the material is accurate, medical research is being continually published and thus some information may be out of date and/or may contain inaccuracies and typographical errors.

The following sources were consulted in the preparation of this list: https://medlineplus.gov, www.probiotics.org , www.mayoclinic.org, www.probioticsdb.com , and www.probiotics-lovethatbug.com

Probiotika: 1

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Die kos wat ons eet, moet ten doel hê om al die belangrike voedingstowwe te bevat om die liggaam in sy totaliteit te voed. Voeding word beskou as die bron en die boustene om die liggaam energie te verskaf, liggaamselle en organe te voed, herstel te laat plaasvind en die immuunsisteem te voed om sy werk te doen.

colon-clean

Voedsel wat ingeneem word, bestaan uit ‘n verskeidenheid molekules wat chemies en fisies aan mekaar verbind is. Die vertering en afbreek (verrotting) van voedsel in die spysverteringskanaal het ten doel om hierdie chemiese en fisiese verbindings af te breek in individuele voedingstowwe in so ‘n vorm dat die liggaam die verskillend nutriënte dit kan opneem.

Cleaning-1440xcenter-c-default

Eenvoudig gestel beteken spysvertering dat voedsel afgebreek word tot in molekulêre vorms tot waar die liggaam instaat is om dit as voedsel op te neem.

probiotics-benefits

Spysverteringstelsel

Die meganika van die spysverteringstel, alhoewel eenvoudig verduideik, is in wese baie kompleks.

Digestive System Of Female Human The Digestive System - Biology Of Humans

Vertering vind in die spysverteringskanaal plaas. Die spysverteringskanaal strek van die mond, die slukderm, die maag, deur die dermkanale tot by die anus. Wat ook al geëet word, beweeg met prosesse deur die stelsel tot waar dit deur en in die dermkanaal opgeneem word. ‘n Lengte van ongeveer 9 meter, van die slukderm (esophagus) tot die anus.

emma-health-guild-colon-cleansing

Die dermkanaal dien as skild.

Die kos wat ingeneem word, moet eers deur die spysverteringskanaal opgebreek word in molekules voordat dit deur die dermkanaal opgeneem kan word. Kos wat dus ingeneem word, kan met die “skild” van die dermkanaal beskou word as nog “buite” die liggaam.

probiotics

Opname

Deel van die spysverteringsproses is die selektiewe deurlaat van afgebreekte voedingstowwe deur die selwande van die dermkanaal. Vandaar beweeg dit deur die bloedstroom na alle selle van die liggaam, organe om orgaanfunksies te verseker, energie te verskaf, brein-en hormoonfunksies te stimuleer.

microbiome2

Een funksie wat beklemtoon kan word, is die herstel en vervanging van beseerde spiere en afgestorwe selle in die liggaam wat belangrike funksies vervul. As voorbeeld kan die vervanging van lewerselle genoem word, asook die vel, wat twee van die grootste organe in die liggaam is.

leaky-gut-microbiome-adrenal-fatigue-inflammation-liver-toxicity-stress-diet

Die verteringsproses

Voedsel se molekulêre strukture vir opname deur die dermkanaal verskil in grootes en kom in verskillende strukture, verbindings en vorms voor.

Villi

‘n Eenvoudige verduideliking sou wees om in jou geestesoog ‘n klomp kettings van verskillende grotes en lengtes en vorms opgerol in chemiese verbindings wat die kettings vashou in ‘n bondel te sien.

images (1)

Spysvertering sou dan die proses wees om in menslike prosesse die bondel opgerolde ketting met meganiese en chemiese prosesse te ontrafel en oop te ontvou. Te ontrafel dat die molekulêre strukture alleen, enkel en apart van mekaar staan sodat dit opgeneem kan word.

AnaerobicDigestionParameters

Die mens sou in sy spsyverteringstelsel die ketting kou in stukke, meng met alkaliese speeksel, sluk en afbreek in die maag met swembadsuur in die maag, dan in die dermkanaal verder met ensieme opbreek, wat dan uiteindelik in ‘n nuwe ketting in ‘n nuwe vorm as boustene vir die liggaam verskyn.

2014-07-10-lab-results-reveal-shocking-probiotics-count-in-sauerkraut-inline-3

Voedselsoorte het verskillende tipe molekules

Voedselstrukture bestaan uit verskillende komplekse molekules en ook soorte. Dit bestaan uit die groot molekules soos proteienes, stysels, middelgroote molekules soos vette en dan baie kleiner molekules soos vitamienes, minerale, suikers en phytonutriënte (plante se voedingstowwe), wat belangrike faktore van beskerming bevat vir die liggaam.

probiotics-benefits

Die punt is, die liggaam vir goeie gesondheid al hierdie komplekse voedselstrukture se voedingstowwe nodig. Elke voedselsoort en elke molekule het eie unieke wyses en maniere waarop dit opgebreek moet word. voordat dit as voedsel of nutriënt deur die dermkanaal opgeneem kan word.

images

Proteiene

Die inname van proteiene, wat afgebreek word in die dermkanaal deur ensieme in aminosure, verskaf belangrike boustene in die liggaam se voortdurende proses van groei en herstel van die liggaam.

main-qimg-1cba57b374966e6681385f784bd4838a-c

Die oorgrote meerderheid van die liggaam se strukturêle weefsel bestaan uit proteiene. Dit is die skelet, senings en ook weefsel. Vir die rede is die innaame van genoegsame hoeveelhede proteien vir hul gesondheid ‘n belangrike faktor. Proteiene is betrokke by  byna elke funksie van die liggaam.

Acid protection of probiotic bacteria via capsules

Ensieme

Ensieme is ook proteiene. Ensieme vervul feitlik elke funksie in die liggaam soos die herstel van beskadigde weefsel en ook die verwydering daarvan. Ensieme is ook boodskappers in die liggaam. Dit vervoer hormone van een plek na ‘n ander en is aktief in nodige selkommunikasie tussen selle van die liggaam se DNA.

Die liggaam het as lewende organisme nodig om voortdurend nuwe proteiene te vorm om uitgediende ensieme te vervang. Dit het ook die vorming van nuwe proteiene nodig om verouderde selle, beskadigde selle en beserings te heel.

Optimale gesondheid vereis dus ‘n aaneenlopende proses van proteienvorming en proteienvervanging. Proteiene word saamgestel deur kleiner molekules wat aminosure genoem word. Op molekulêre vlak kan een proteien opgebreek word in n string van aminosure wat wissel van so klein as 200 aminosure op ‘n string, tot 5000 daarvan.

Die maak van proteiene in die liggaam

Om ou en afgeleefde selle in die liggaam te vervang met nuwe selle, moet die liggaam aminosure gebruik as boublokke van die proteiene wat opgeneem word in die diëet. Wanneer proteien van verskillende bronne ingeneem word, moet die liggaam die groot aminosuurstringe of verbindigs neem en afbreek in aminosure, of peptides.

2014-07-10-lab-results-reveal-shocking-probiotics-count-in-sauerkraut-inline-3

Aminosure, ook genoem petides, moet in een tot twee molekules (dipeptides) afgebreek word om deur die liggaam opgeneem te kan word.

Protesease

Die liggaam vervaarding ensieme wat protease genoem word wat proteiene wat ingeneem word afbreek in aminosure. Proteiene verloor sy struktuur in die maag met behulp van maagsuur en pepsien.

Vandaar beweeg die afgebreekte proteienbron deur die maagklep in die dunderm in (duedenum), waar nog ensieme en of protease plaasvind. Aminosure en dipeptides word in hierdie vorm in middelderms of jejenum opgeneem.

 

Pierre van Niekerk ©