Free Radicals II


  1. Introduction

Antioxidants in Literature are one of the solutions to get rid of naturally produced free radicals.

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Well known natural antioxidants can be attained from well-planned diets, that include various fruits and vegetables. Herbal teas like rooibos, green tea, honey bush, spices such cayenne pepper, ginger, turmeric, pepper, cinnamon and others are also known as sources of natural antioxidants.

As explained, there are two main sources of free radicals.

  • External Sources: The industrial environment that pollutes the air that we breath, the water we use, petrochemical fumes, ultraviolet rays from the sun and pesticide sprays and products to name a few.


  • Internal Sources: Breathing, turning oxygen into carbon dioxide, food and minerals into waste, water into urine, drugs into waste, as well as exposure to household cleaning products and pets control.


Man and animal are exposed to 1) external sources of free radicals, as explained in External Free Radicals ­­­­in Bentonite Clay, as well as self-produced free radicals which will be explained now.


To keep man and animal healthy, as well as restraining the physical body and its organs from early aging, the Immune system needs to defend the body every second from the dangers of free radicals. Not only from the external environment, but also from the body as a living cell itself, producing its own free radicals.

It is the immune systems of man and animal and its functional fitness, its ability as a body defense system that able the body to deal with harmful free radicals.

Take Note

Free radicals will be explained in depth in (3). What we do know will be explained in (2) and the limits and questions of what we don’t know, in (3) as well.

  1. Free Radicals Destroy Living Cells

Media portrays many times pictures of Hollywood stars and how they age over the years. In shock admirers of these movie stars stare in disbelief at the human factor in the aging of these actors, not believing how some of these people are ageing in time.


Scientific studies on rats prove the natural phenomenon of aging. It shows that rats produce a significant number more of free radicals when they naturally age.  These natural age related modifications of their bodies, also match the age-related illnesses associated with ageing rats.


  • Research on rats in independent studies indicates that free radicals produced in the mitochondria (the little engine of each and every living cell), is also the engine that damages the elements in the cell that keeps it alive, rejuvenated and functional.

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  • Therefore in skin and health care, the focus should be on the health and abilities of the mitochondria, the little machine that is rejuvenating the body’s DNA, the telomeres, those parts of chromosomes in our bodies that controls aging and have links to various diseases and long life.

This damage causes mutations that produce more free radicals. In effect rushing the process of skin aging and or skin damage as free radicals cause cells to turn against themselves.


In effect it means that the cell turns against its own organs in the cell, which are the machines that must rejuvenate and revitalise the cells in skin repairing and skin growth. The reverse effect of skin growth damage cell walls, the little engines in each and every cell that revitalise cell growth, the mitochondria, the glue between cells, collagen, shortening telomeres that are critical to cell growth and cell reconstruction, as well the function of other critical cell structures.


If left untreated, or without proper care by guessing being misled with make believe or brand marketing products, the gradual and increasingly build-up of free radicals explains why healthy bodies age in many unwanted ways and rapidly deteriorate at some point in time.


Although free radicals are produced naturally in the body, lifestyle factors as well as external factors from outside can also accelerate free radical production in skin cells. Especially when harvested by oily or water based substrates applied on the skin to hide acne marks, pores and wrinkle’s.

These free radicals include:

  • exposure to toxic chemicals, such as pesticides and air pollution, petro-chemicals
  • smoking
  • alcohol
  • fried foods
  • drugs
  • sunburn damaging the skin DNA

Above mentioned lifestyle factors have also been linked to diseases such as cancer and cardiovascular diseases.

The term “Oxidative stress” will explain why exposure to these substances can causes many types of diseases.

  1. Antioxidants and free radicals

The Media portray thousands of products selling the solutions to anti-aging and detoxing harmful elements from the human body. Products sells as if they are the only of the answer to the elimination of free radicals as well as the reversing of its harmful effects.

The truth is, it is only a healthy and well cared immune system, supported by the genetic qualities of the individual that brings real solutions to the individual body and skin health. No two persons are the same. True health and skin care can also only progress reactively within the reality of the effects of aging, given that the individual is actively protected his/her health with testable knowledge of what does cause individual aging and illnesses.


Free-radicals (1)

Antioxidants are molecules in food sources that prevents the oxidation of other molecules in the body that lessen or prevent the effects of free radicals.

How antioxidants function

  • Antioxidants donate an electron to a free radical, thereby reducing its harmful possible reactivity.
  • Antioxidants are unique in the sense that they can donate an electron to a free radical, without becoming a free radical itself.
  • Antioxidants act as scavengers, stealing electrons from free radicals and in the process helps to prevent cell and tissue damage, that could lead to cellular damage and disease.


Be not be misled

  • No single antioxidant can combat the effects of every free radical.
  • Free radicals have different effects in different areas of the body.
  • Every antioxidant behaves differently due to its chemical properties.

Antioxidant foods and supplements

Many foods are rich in antioxidants. Berries, citrus fruits, and many other fruits are rich in vitamin C, while carrots are known for their high beta-carotene content. The soy found in soybeans and some meat substitutes are high in phytoestrogens.


The goodness of antioxidants in foods have inspired many health experts to recommend antioxidant-rich diets. Also did the “Antioxidant theory of Aging” led many Health Companies to push sales of antioxidant supplements.

The ill-understanding and the ill-use of antioxidants can also be harmful. Antioxidants are able to into “Pro-oxidants”. This means when antioxidants are used without understanding what it must do, an antioxidant can turn into a pro-oxidant.

It will then search and link to electrons from other molecules, resulting in chemical instabilities that will lead to oxidative stresses of sorts.

Thousands of chemicals can act as antioxidants. Vitamins C, and E, glutathione, beta-carotene, and plant oestrogens called phytoestrogens are well known antioxidants.

Research on antioxidants are mixed.

Studies suggest that antioxidants cannot “cure” the effects of free radicals, especially those antioxidants coming from artificial sources.

What we do know is the following;

  • That we need much more data to understand the real problem of free radicals
  • Antioxidants neutralize free radicals by donating one of their own electrons, ending the electron-“stealing” reaction.
  • Free radicals are an early sign of cells fighting (immune system) a possible disease or aging
  • Free radical formation is inevitable with age.

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The Role of Vitamins C and E

  • Vitamin E does not turn into a free radical when donating an electron
  • Vitamin E is also the most abundant fat-soluble antioxidant in the body.
  • Vitamin E is known as one of the most efficient chain-breaking antioxidants available.
  • Vitamin E is also known as the primary defender against oxidation
  • Vitamin E is the primary defender against lipid peroxidation (creation of unstable molecules containing more oxygen than is usual).
  • Vitamin E may protect against cardiovascular disease by defending against LDL oxidation and artery-clogging plaque formation.


Vitamin C

  • Vitamin C is the most abundant water-soluble antioxidant in the body and acts primarily in cellular fluid.
  • Vitamin C is also known for combating free-radical formation caused by external pollution and cigarette smoke.
  • Also helps return vitamin E to its active form.
  • Many studies have correlated high vitamin C intakes with low rates of cancer, particularly cancers of the mouth, larynx and esophagus.

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  1. Literature suggest that antioxidants are believed to help protect the body from free-radical damage. But be warned, the solution is not mega-doses of these vitamins as more is not always better and might turn against your body in.
  2. The long-term effect of large doses of these nutrients has not been proven. Other chemicals and substances found in natural sources of antioxidants may also be responsible for the beneficial effects. So for now, the best way to ensure adequate intake of the antioxidant nutrients is through a balanced diet consisting of 5-8 servings of fruits and vegetables per day.

Probiotika: 1

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Die kos wat ons eet, moet ten doel hê om al die belangrike voedingstowwe te bevat om die liggaam in sy totaliteit te voed. Voeding word beskou as die bron en die boustene om die liggaam energie te verskaf, liggaamselle en organe te voed, herstel te laat plaasvind en die immuunsisteem te voed om sy werk te doen.


Voedsel wat ingeneem word, bestaan uit ‘n verskeidenheid molekules wat chemies en fisies aan mekaar verbind is. Die vertering en afbreek (verrotting) van voedsel in die spysverteringskanaal het ten doel om hierdie chemiese en fisiese verbindings af te breek in individuele voedingstowwe in so ‘n vorm dat die liggaam die verskillend nutriënte dit kan opneem.


Eenvoudig gestel beteken spysvertering dat voedsel afgebreek word tot in molekulêre vorms tot waar die liggaam instaat is om dit as voedsel op te neem.



Die meganika van die spysverteringstel, alhoewel eenvoudig verduideik, is in wese baie kompleks.

Digestive System Of Female Human The Digestive System - Biology Of Humans

Vertering vind in die spysverteringskanaal plaas. Die spysverteringskanaal strek van die mond, die slukderm, die maag, deur die dermkanale tot by die anus. Wat ook al geëet word, beweeg met prosesse deur die stelsel tot waar dit deur en in die dermkanaal opgeneem word. ‘n Lengte van ongeveer 9 meter, van die slukderm (esophagus) tot die anus.


Die dermkanaal dien as skild.

Die kos wat ingeneem word, moet eers deur die spysverteringskanaal opgebreek word in molekules voordat dit deur die dermkanaal opgeneem kan word. Kos wat dus ingeneem word, kan met die “skild” van die dermkanaal beskou word as nog “buite” die liggaam.



Deel van die spysverteringsproses is die selektiewe deurlaat van afgebreekte voedingstowwe deur die selwande van die dermkanaal. Vandaar beweeg dit deur die bloedstroom na alle selle van die liggaam, organe om orgaanfunksies te verseker, energie te verskaf, brein-en hormoonfunksies te stimuleer.


Een funksie wat beklemtoon kan word, is die herstel en vervanging van beseerde spiere en afgestorwe selle in die liggaam wat belangrike funksies vervul. As voorbeeld kan die vervanging van lewerselle genoem word, asook die vel, wat twee van die grootste organe in die liggaam is.


Die verteringsproses

Voedsel se molekulêre strukture vir opname deur die dermkanaal verskil in grootes en kom in verskillende strukture, verbindings en vorms voor.


‘n Eenvoudige verduideliking sou wees om in jou geestesoog ‘n klomp kettings van verskillende grotes en lengtes en vorms opgerol in chemiese verbindings wat die kettings vashou in ‘n bondel te sien.

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Spysvertering sou dan die proses wees om in menslike prosesse die bondel opgerolde ketting met meganiese en chemiese prosesse te ontrafel en oop te ontvou. Te ontrafel dat die molekulêre strukture alleen, enkel en apart van mekaar staan sodat dit opgeneem kan word.


Die mens sou in sy spsyverteringstelsel die ketting kou in stukke, meng met alkaliese speeksel, sluk en afbreek in die maag met swembadsuur in die maag, dan in die dermkanaal verder met ensieme opbreek, wat dan uiteindelik in ‘n nuwe ketting in ‘n nuwe vorm as boustene vir die liggaam verskyn.


Voedselsoorte het verskillende tipe molekules

Voedselstrukture bestaan uit verskillende komplekse molekules en ook soorte. Dit bestaan uit die groot molekules soos proteienes, stysels, middelgroote molekules soos vette en dan baie kleiner molekules soos vitamienes, minerale, suikers en phytonutriënte (plante se voedingstowwe), wat belangrike faktore van beskerming bevat vir die liggaam.


Die punt is, die liggaam vir goeie gesondheid al hierdie komplekse voedselstrukture se voedingstowwe nodig. Elke voedselsoort en elke molekule het eie unieke wyses en maniere waarop dit opgebreek moet word. voordat dit as voedsel of nutriënt deur die dermkanaal opgeneem kan word.



Die inname van proteiene, wat afgebreek word in die dermkanaal deur ensieme in aminosure, verskaf belangrike boustene in die liggaam se voortdurende proses van groei en herstel van die liggaam.


Die oorgrote meerderheid van die liggaam se strukturêle weefsel bestaan uit proteiene. Dit is die skelet, senings en ook weefsel. Vir die rede is die innaame van genoegsame hoeveelhede proteien vir hul gesondheid ‘n belangrike faktor. Proteiene is betrokke by  byna elke funksie van die liggaam.

Acid protection of probiotic bacteria via capsules


Ensieme is ook proteiene. Ensieme vervul feitlik elke funksie in die liggaam soos die herstel van beskadigde weefsel en ook die verwydering daarvan. Ensieme is ook boodskappers in die liggaam. Dit vervoer hormone van een plek na ‘n ander en is aktief in nodige selkommunikasie tussen selle van die liggaam se DNA.

Die liggaam het as lewende organisme nodig om voortdurend nuwe proteiene te vorm om uitgediende ensieme te vervang. Dit het ook die vorming van nuwe proteiene nodig om verouderde selle, beskadigde selle en beserings te heel.

Optimale gesondheid vereis dus ‘n aaneenlopende proses van proteienvorming en proteienvervanging. Proteiene word saamgestel deur kleiner molekules wat aminosure genoem word. Op molekulêre vlak kan een proteien opgebreek word in n string van aminosure wat wissel van so klein as 200 aminosure op ‘n string, tot 5000 daarvan.

Die maak van proteiene in die liggaam

Om ou en afgeleefde selle in die liggaam te vervang met nuwe selle, moet die liggaam aminosure gebruik as boublokke van die proteiene wat opgeneem word in die diëet. Wanneer proteien van verskillende bronne ingeneem word, moet die liggaam die groot aminosuurstringe of verbindigs neem en afbreek in aminosure, of peptides.


Aminosure, ook genoem petides, moet in een tot twee molekules (dipeptides) afgebreek word om deur die liggaam opgeneem te kan word.


Die liggaam vervaarding ensieme wat protease genoem word wat proteiene wat ingeneem word afbreek in aminosure. Proteiene verloor sy struktuur in die maag met behulp van maagsuur en pepsien.

Vandaar beweeg die afgebreekte proteienbron deur die maagklep in die dunderm in (duedenum), waar nog ensieme en of protease plaasvind. Aminosure en dipeptides word in hierdie vorm in middelderms of jejenum opgeneem.


Pierre van Niekerk ©

Magnesium as mineraal vir mens en dier

Vrouegesondheid: Magnesium

Maar dit is belangrik dat ALMAL oplees hieroor en besef dat seker 90% van jul siektes se oorsake begin by magnesiumtekorte in jul dieët en bloed, wat by meer as 300 biochemiese prosesse in die liggaam betrokke is.


Magnesium moet gelees word in eenvoudige taal, as die voertuigies in jou bloed wat verbindings maak aan voedingstowwe, minerale en vitamiene ens., en dit na belangrike organe vervoer om hul funskies gesond te hou en te versterk om jou gesond te hou. Hart, longe, niere, brein, lewer, ens.


Magnesium is ook die voertuigies wat aan die afvalstowwe van wonde en ander plekke bind, dit weer deur die bloedstroom na die lewer en gal toe neem om daar afgebreek te word.



Al is jou bloed rooi. En dit het nie genoegsame magnesium nie, vervoer jy niks na nêrens. Jy verarm/laat struikel omtrent 300 belangrike biochemiese prosesse in jou liggaam wat dit van ander bronne en organe moet ontrek om vir jou wesenlike natuurlike gesondheid te verskaf en om jou organe goed te laat funskioneer.


Magnesiumtekorte plaas jou gesondheid erg onder druk. Jou immuunsisteem veg hom moeg en die is ook onder druk. En moenie foefies glo oor magnesium nie. Dit word op 3 maniere opgeneem. Of IV, onder operasie in jou aar, deur kossoorte, wat almal weet nie meer voldoende magnesium bevat nie, en dan my mengsel met die Engelsesout.


Letterlik honderde vroue skrywe hier vir my. Waarskynlik die heel laaste persoon op aarde vir wie hul moet dit skrywe. Daarom die Vrouegesondheidsdae wat ons aanbied, dat die komplekse chemiese verbindinge in die bestaan van vroue in gewone taal verduidelik word.


Soms is die saak so privaat, dat dit bitter swaar is om te se en te verduidelik en die fotos wat mens kry.


Onlangs het die plan my bygekom om vir vroue te sê om droë engelsesout in hul skoene te plaas vir opname. Twee ander plekke wat baie bloedvate en senuwees bevat is die tepels op die bors, en dan tussen die bene.

Maak aquesroom en engelsesout vars aan 50:50 en sit dit in die koppie oor die tepel en los dit daar dat dit intrek deur die dag. Die ander oplossing kan wees om nat of droeë Engelsesout op ‘n “panty liner” te plaas en trek normaal aan.

Dit sal nie brand nie. Pubiese hare wat geskeer word, veral by vroue met sterk pubiese haargroei , groei vele kere in die area in en veroorsaak klomp liesverwante probleme by vroue. Huisves ook n klomp onnodige bakterie veral in die lieste as dit onsteek.


Sit dan engelsesout op en of smeer dit in. Sit ook die blomswawelmengsel so op en in as dit moet.

Pierre van Niekerk ©